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Gender and Military paper

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Gender and Military
Introduction
Within the military, gender roles have at all times been an issue. Initially, women were not
permitted to participate in any task within the military (Miller n.p.). During the World War I,
Russia made use of one all-female military unit (Campbell 301). In the World War II, numerous
German and British women served military roles within the anti-aircraft units, from which they
shot down countless enemy fliers. In the Soviet Union, the women are widely used as medical
staff as well as political officers (Campbell 303). The Soviet also managed to establish all-female
sniper units along with combat fighter planes. Even though the problem has been made even, the
military is still gender biased and restricted. Today, the phrase “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” is the most
famous public issue related to gender roles within the military. The policy slyly bans lesbians and
gays from serving the military (Miller n.p.). Even though this law was recently abolished, equal
rights are not automatically enforced on an individual level within the military. An issue that has
been less publicized is the ban by the US military on Transgender individuals working in the
military, as they consider transgender to be a mental disability that disqualifies and inhibits
someone from working in the military. This ban gives a fascinating view of the American attitude
on transgender people. Americans have a rich account of oppression and fears of minorities, of
which the transgender are part (Miller n.p.). Although the women and transgender people have
been singled out in the military, slowly these minorities are gaining acceptance and respect in the

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military. Despite years of official consideration, women within the military still face insidious
sexism and shockingly frequent sexual assault. The paper discusses the issues that are related to
both men and women in the military
Women History in the Military
The history of the women in the military can be traced 400 years back, across several cultures
and nations (Carreiras 56). The contribution woman women made to the military have been
significant from the time of ancient warrior women to the current women serving in the military.
Despite the increase of the number of women in the military, men are still the majority in all
cultures (Campbell 306). Although the issue of women serving in the forces have frequently been
controversial, comparatively few women historically have fought along with men. During the
American Civil War, some women even cross-dressed as men for them to fight. Women, besides
combating on the battle front, also served as aides and nurses. Until recently when women are
given more prominent role in modern armed forces, the role of women in the military of past
societies remained controversial. Increasingly, several countries have begun expanding the
women’s role in their militaries. From 1970s, most Western armies started admitting women to
actively serve in the military
Since 1775, women have served in the US military mostly in the regular fields such as
nursing, mending clothing, laundering, and cooking (Campbell 306). Loretta Walsh became the
foremost woman to enlist in 1917. In 1948, a law was passed that enduringly made women
permanent component of the military services. Consequently, the first set of women was
recruited into the U.S military academy in 1976. Statistically, there are only 1.1 million soldiers
amounting to 15.6% in the U.S. Army's; despite serving on 95% of all army occupations
(Campbell 310). In a span of one year, 40,000 American combatant women were deployed in the

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