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Pem 13 diabetic emergencies and altered mental status

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Emergency Care Fourteenth Edition Chapter 22 Diabetic Emergencies and Altered Mental Status Slides in this presentation contain hyperlinks. JAWS users should be able to get a list of links by using INSERT+F7 Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Topics • Pathophysiology • Assessing the Patient with Altered Mental Status • Diabetes • Other Causes of Altered Mental Status Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Pathophysiology Back to Topics Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Pathophysiology (1 of 2) • Normal consciousness is regulated by the reticular activating system (RAS) • The RAS is responsible for staying awake, paying attention, and sleeping • Brain tissue of the RAS has basic requirements – Oxygen to perfuse brain tissue – Glucose to nourish brain tissue – Water to hydrate brain tissue Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Pathophysiology (2 of 2) • Altered mental status can be caused by: – Deficiencies in RAS requirements – Trauma, infection, and chemical toxins – Primary brain problems – Problems within another body system • Altered mental status is often rapidly correctable by treating the underlying cause Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Assessing the Patient with Altered Mental Status Back to Topics Copyright © 2021, 2016, 2012 Pe ...
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