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PUBERTY (10 years to 14 years)
The period in the developmental span when the child
changes from an asexual to a sexual being.
Derived from the Latin word “pubertas”, which means
“age of manhood”.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PUBERTY
+ Puberty is an Overlapping Period
An overlapping period because it encompasses the
closing years of childhood and the beginning years of
adolescence.
+ Puberty is a Short Period
Puberty is relatively short period, lasting from two to four
years
.
+ Puberty is a Time of Rapid Growth and Change
During this period the developing child experiences
changes in body, changes in body, changes in status
including appearance and clothes, and changes in
attitude toward sex and the opposite sex.
+ Puberty is a Negative Phase
Evidence that the behavior characteristic of the “negative
phase” of puberty is more pronounced in girls than in
boys.
+ Puberty Occurs at a Variable Age
Puberty can occur at any time between the ages of five
or six and nineteen years.
STAGES OF PUBERTY
1. Prepubescent Stage
This stage overlaps the closing year or two of childhood
when the child is regarded as a “prepubescent”-one who
is no longer a child but not yet an adolescent.
2. Pubescent Stage
This stage occurs at the dividing line between childhood
and adolescence.
3. Postpubescent Stage
This stage overlaps the first year or two of adolescence.
Causes of Puberty
The cause or causes of the physical changes that occur
at puberty remained a mystery. It is known that about
five years before children become sexually mature.
Age of Puberty
Approximately 50% of all girls mature between 12.5 and
14.5 years, with the average maturing at 13.
The average boy comes sexually mature between the
ages of 14 and 16.5, with 50% of all boys maturing
between 14 and 15.5 years.
Conditions Responsible for Puberty Changes
- Role of the Pituitary Gland (2 hormones) -
+ Growth influential in determining the individual’s size.
+ Gonadotropic the gonads to increased activity.
- Role of the Gonads
+ The primary sex characteristics- increase in size and
become functionally mature, and the secondary sex
characteristics, such as pubic hair, develop.
Interaction of the Pituitary Gland and the Gonads
The hormones produced by the gonads, which have
been stimulated by the gonadotropic hormone produced
by pituitary gland, act in turn on this gland and cause a
gradual reduction in the amount of growth hormone.
The Puberty Growth Spurt
For girls it begins between 8.5 and 11.5 years, with a
peak coming, on the average, at 12.5 years.
For boys, the growth spurt starts between 10.5 and 14.5
years, reaches a peak between 14.5 and 15.5 years.
Changes in Body Size
For girls, the average annual increase in the year
preceding the menarche is 3 inches, though a 5-6-inch
increase is not unusual.
For boys, the onset of the period of rapid growth in
height comes, on the average, at 12.8 years and ends,
at 15.3 years, with a peak occurring at 14 years.
Changes in The Body Proportion
In the early years of life were proportionally much to
small, now become proportionally too big because they
reach their mature size sooner than other areas.
Primary Sex Characteristics
When the male reproductive organs have become
mature in function, nocturnal emissions generally
begin to occur.
All parts of the female reproductive apparatus grow
during puberty, though at different rates.
Secondary Sex Characteristics
These are the physical features which distinguish
males from females and which make members of
one sex appealing to members of the other sex.
IMPORTANT SECONDARY SEX
CHARATERISTICS
BOYS
GIRLS
HAIR
BREAST, HIPS
SKIN
VOICE
GLANDS
HAIR
MUSCLES
SKIN
VOICE
GLANDS
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BREAST KNOTS
MUSCLES
Effects on Physical Being
+ Rapid growth and body changes are likely to be
accompanied by fatigue, listlessness, and other
unfavorable symptoms.
+ Digestive disturbances are frequent, and appetite is
finicky.
Effects on Attitude and Behavior
+ It is understandable that the widespread effects of
puberty on children’s physical well-being would also
affect their attitudes and behavior.
COMMON EFFECTS OF PUBERTY CHANGES ON
ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR
+ Desire for Isolation
They spend much time in daydreaming about how
misunderstood and mistreated they are in experimenting
with sex through masturbation.
+ Boredom
Pubescent children are bored with the play they formerly
enjoyed, with schoolwork, with social activities, and the
life in general
+ Incoordination
Rapid and uneven growth affects habitual patterns of
coordination, and the pubescent child is clumsy and
awkward for a time.
+ Social Antagonism
Pubescent child is often uncooperative, disagreeable
antagonistic.
+ Heightened Emotionality
Moodiness, sulkiness, temper outburst, and a tendency
to cry at the slightest provocation are characteristic of
the early part of puberty.
+ Loss of Self-Confidence
Becomes lacking in self-confidence and fearful of failure.
+ Excessive Modesty
The bodily changes that take place during puberty cause
the child to become excessively modest for fear that
others will notice these changes and comment on them
unfavorably.
Effects on Deviant Maturing
A deviant maturing is one whose sexual maturation
deviates by a year or more from the norm for the
individual’s sex group.
EARLY VS LATE MATURERS
For boys, early maturing is advantageous, especially in
the area of sports.
Boys who are late maturers tend to be restless, tense,
rebellious, etc.
For girls, early maturing is less advantageous. Girls are
more grown-up and sophisticated in their behavior.
Girls who are late maturers are less damaged
psychologically.
COMMON CONCERNS ABOUT NORMALCY DURING
PUBERTY
BOY’S CONCERNS
- Nocturnal Emissions
- Secondary Sex
Characteristics
- Lack of Interest in Girls
CONCERNS OF THE
BOYS AND GIRLS
- Sex organs
- Body Disportions
- Awkwardness
- Age of Maturing
- Masturbation
GIRLS’ CONCERNS
- The menarche
-Menstruation
- Secondary sex
Characteristics
- Lack of Sex Appeal
RAPID VS SLOW MATURERS
Rapid maturers face certain problems that slow maturers
are spared.
Changes in body size in slow maturers come so slowly
that children have time to learn to control their bodies.
SOURCES OF CONCERN
Concerns about Normalcy
As Havighurst has pointed out, “It is a rare youngster
who is never worried during this period with the question:
Am I normal”.
Concerns about Sex-Appropriateness
From early childhood, boys and girls are sex-typed to the
point where they have a definite stereotype of
“masculine” and “feminine” people.
Concern about Size
The sudden increase in size that occurs during the
pubertal growth spurt is likely disturb girls because they
are afraid their size will make them unattractive to boys.
Boys, on the other hand, become disturbed when they
see girls of their own age literally towering over them.
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Concern about Weight
Children frequently gain weight during the early part of
puberty, and this is a source of great concern.
Concern about Genitalia
There is a widespread belief that small male genitalia
means lack of normal sexual development
Concern about Secondary Sex Characteristics
Any secondary sex characteristic that is not well
developed is sure to be a source of concern.
Hazards of Puberty
1. Physical Hazard - They rarely suffer from illness
severe enough to lead to death and since they are so
inactive and socially withdrawn that accidents.
2. Psychological Hazard - There are many psychological
hazards of puberty, the long-term effects of which are
even more important than the immediate effects.
Unfavorable Self-Concepts
Few children pass through puberty without developing
unfavorable self-concepts. This is true even of those
who, earlier, had good opinions of themselves and who,
as a result, had enough self-confidence to play
leadership roles in their peer groups.
Underachievement
this leads to a disinclination to work and to attitudes of
boredom toward any activities that require effort on the
individual’s part
Lack of Preparation for Puberty Changes
As Thomas has said, “Rare is the child who even
partially understands the basic nature of the changes
taking place in him and in his peers”.
Acceptance Of Changed Bodies
Few pubescents are able to do this. As a result, they are
dissatisfied with their appearance.
Acceptance of Socially Approved Sex Roles
Are expected to play as near-adults is one of the major
developmental tasks of this age level.
Deviations in Sexual Maturing
Unquestionably one of the most serious psychological
hazards during puberty is a deviation in the age at which
sexual maturing occurs or in the time needed for the
maturing.
Unhappiness of Puberty
The first essential of happiness is acceptance, both self-
acceptance and social acceptance. To be satisfied with
their lives to the point that they can consider themselves
happy, pubescents must not only like and accept
themselves but must also feel that they are accepted by
others.
Variations in Unhappiness at Puberty
Pubescents are less concerned about their appearance
as puberty progresses because they realize that many of
the conditions that worried them were only temporary
Seriousness of Unhappiness at Puberty
A pattern of unhappiness established at this time may be
reinforced to the point where it will become habitual and
persist long after puberty has ended.
Conditions that contribute to unhappiness at puberty are
likely to be persistent unless remedial steps are taken to
change them.

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PUBERTY (10 years to 14 years) The period in the developmental span when the child changes from an asexual to a sexual being. Derived from the Latin word “pubertas”, which means “age of manhood”. CHARACTERISTICS OF PUBERTY + Puberty is an Overlapping Period An overlapping period because it encompasses the closing years of childhood and the beginning years of adolescence. + Puberty is a Short Period Puberty is relatively short period, lasting from two to four years . + Puberty is a Time of Rapid Growth and Change During this period the developing child experiences changes in body, changes in body, changes in status including appearance and clothes, and changes in attitude toward sex and the opposite sex. + Puberty is a Negative Phase Evidence that the behavior characteristic of the “negative phase” of puberty is more pronounced in girls than in boys. + Puberty Occurs at a Variable Age Puberty can occur at any time between the ages of five or six and nineteen years. STAGES OF PUBERTY 1. Prepubescent Stage This stage overlaps the closing year or two of childhood when the child is regarded as a “prepubescent”-one who is no longer a child but not yet an adolescent. 2. Pubescent Stage This stage occurs at the dividing line between childhood and adolescence. 3. Postpubescent Stage This stage overlaps the first year or two of adolescence. Causes of Puberty The cause or causes of the physical changes that occur at puberty remained a mystery. It is known that about five years before children become sexually mature. Age of Puberty Approximately 50% of all girls mature between 12.5 and 14.5 years, with the average maturing at 13. The average boy comes sexually mature between the ages of 14 and 16.5, with 50% of all boys maturing between 14 and 15.5 years. Conditions Responsible for Puberty Changes - Role of the Pituitary Gland (2 hormones) + Growth influential in determining the individual’s size. + Gonadotropic the gonads to increased activity. - Role of the Gonads – + The primary sex characteristics- increase in size and become functionally mature, and the secondary sex characteristics, such as pubic hair, develop. Interaction of the Pituitary Gland and the Gonads The hormones produced by the gonads, which have been stimulated by the gonadotropic hormone produced by pituitary gland, act in turn on this gland and cause a gradual reduction in the amount of growth hormone. The Puberty Growth Spurt For girls it begins between 8.5 and 11.5 years, with a peak coming, on the average, at 12.5 years. For boys, the growth spurt starts between 10.5 and 14.5 years, reaches a peak between 14.5 and 15.5 years. Changes in Body Size For girls, the average annual increase in the year preceding the menarche is 3 inches, though a 5-6-inch increase is not unusual. For boys, the onset of the period of rapid growth in height comes, on the average, at 12.8 years and ends, at 15.3 years, with a peak occurring at 14 years. Changes in The Body Proportion In the early years of life were proportionally much to small, now become proportionally too big because they reach their mature size sooner than other areas. Primary Sex Characteristics When the male reproductive organs have become mature in function, nocturnal emissions generally begin to occur. All parts of the female reproductive apparatus grow during puberty, though at different rates. Secondary Sex Characteristics These are the physical features which distinguish males from females and which make members of one sex appealing to members of the other sex. IMPORTANT SECONDARY SEX CHARATERISTICS BOYS GIRLS HAIR BREAST, HIPS VOICE SKIN GLANDS HAIR MUSCLES SKIN VOICE GLANDS BREAST KNOTS MUSCLES Effects on Physical Being + Rapid growth and body changes are likely to be accompanied by fatigue, listlessness, and other unfavorable symptoms. + Digestive disturbances are frequent, and appetite is finicky. Effects on Attitude and Behavior + It is understandable that the widespread effects of puberty on children’s physical well-being would also affect their attitudes and behavior. COMMON EFFECTS OF PUBERTY CHANGES ON ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR + Desire for Isolation They spend much time in daydreaming about how misunderstood and mistreated they are in experimenting with sex through masturbation. + Boredom Pubescent children are bored with the play they formerly enjoyed, with schoolwork, with social activities, and the life in general + Incoordination Rapid and uneven growth affects habitual patterns of coordination, and the pubescent child is clumsy and awkward for a time. + Social Antagonism Pubescent child is often uncooperative, disagreeable antagonistic. + Heightened Emotionality Moodiness, sulkiness, temper outburst, and a tendency to cry at the slightest provocation are characteristic of the early part of puberty. EARLY VS LATE MATURERS For boys, early maturing is advantageous, especially in the area of sports. Boys who are late maturers tend to be restless, tense, rebellious, etc. For girls, early maturing is less advantageous. Girls are more grown-up and sophisticated in their behavior. Girls who are late maturers are less damaged psychologically. COMMON CONCERNS ABOUT NORMALCY DURING PUBERTY BOY’S CONCERNS - Nocturnal Emissions - Secondary Sex Characteristics - Lack of Interest in Girls CONCERNS OF THE BOYS AND GIRLS - Sex organs - Body Disportions - Awkwardness - Age of Maturing - Masturbation GIRLS’ CONCERNS - The menarche -Menstruation - Secondary sex Characteristics - Lack of Sex Appeal RAPID VS SLOW MATURERS Rapid maturers face certain problems that slow maturers are spared. Changes in body size in slow maturers come so slowly that children have time to learn to control their bodies. SOURCES OF CONCERN + Loss of Self-Confidence Becomes lacking in self-confidence and fearful of failure. Concerns about Normalcy As Havighurst has pointed out, “It is a rare youngster who is never worried during this period with the question: Am I normal”. + Excessive Modesty The bodily changes that take place during puberty cause the child to become excessively modest for fear that others will notice these changes and comment on them unfavorably. Concerns about Sex-Appropriateness From early childhood, boys and girls are sex-typed to the point where they have a definite stereotype of “masculine” and “feminine” people. Effects on Deviant Maturing A deviant maturing is one whose sexual maturation deviates by a year or more from the norm for the individual’s sex group. Concern about Size The sudden increase in size that occurs during the pubertal growth spurt is likely disturb girls because they are afraid their size will make them unattractive to boys. Boys, on the other hand, become disturbed when they see girls of their own age literally towering over them. Concern about Weight Children frequently gain weight during the early part of puberty, and this is a source of great concern. Concern about Genitalia There is a widespread belief that small male genitalia means lack of normal sexual development Concern about Secondary Sex Characteristics Any secondary sex characteristic that is not well developed is sure to be a source of concern. Hazards of Puberty 1. Physical Hazard - They rarely suffer from illness severe enough to lead to death and since they are so inactive and socially withdrawn that accidents. 2. Psychological Hazard - There are many psychological hazards of puberty, the long-term effects of which are even more important than the immediate effects. Unfavorable Self-Concepts Few children pass through puberty without developing unfavorable self-concepts. This is true even of those who, earlier, had good opinions of themselves and who, as a result, had enough self-confidence to play leadership roles in their peer groups. Underachievement this leads to a disinclination to work and to attitudes of boredom toward any activities that require effort on the individual’s part Lack of Preparation for Puberty Changes As Thomas has said, “Rare is the child who even partially understands the basic nature of the changes taking place in him and in his peers”. Acceptance Of Changed Bodies Few pubescents are able to do this. As a result, they are dissatisfied with their appearance. Acceptance of Socially Approved Sex Roles Are expected to play as near-adults is one of the major developmental tasks of this age level. Deviations in Sexual Maturing Unquestionably one of the most serious psychological hazards during puberty is a deviation in the age at which sexual maturing occurs or in the time needed for the maturing. Unhappiness of Puberty The first essential of happiness is acceptance, both selfacceptance and social acceptance. To be satisfied with their lives to the point that they can consider themselves happy, pubescents must not only like and accept themselves but must also feel that they are accepted by others. Variations in Unhappiness at Puberty Pubescents are less concerned about their appearance as puberty progresses because they realize that many of the conditions that worried them were only temporary Seriousness of Unhappiness at Puberty A pattern of unhappiness established at this time may be reinforced to the point where it will become habitual and persist long after puberty has ended. Conditions that contribute to unhappiness at puberty are likely to be persistent unless remedial steps are taken to change them. Name: Description: ...
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