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Should universities be located in local provinces?

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Topic : Should universities be located in local provinces?
Developing education equally between regions is one of the important strategies of the
countries around the world. Still, there is a real situation that most universities gather in
large cities, in Vietnam for example. This leads to uneven development between big
cities and other smaller provinces as well as urban and rural areas. It would be more
reasonable if universities and colleges settle in local provinces instead of big urban
regions as they do now because of some reasons. There is no doubt that distributing
universities in different areas reduces big cities’ burdens of population, traffic and
environment. That too many universities assemble in a city is one of the main reasons
leading to overpopulation, take Hanoi as an illustration. According to the article “Việc di
dời các trường đại học: Rút ngắn thời gian đến năm 2025” ( 2011), over 100,000 college
students coming to this city every year, which makes the capital of Vietnam more and
more overcrowed. People here do not have enough space to live and entertain, so the
quality of life tends to go down. In addition, there are always traffic jams in most Hanoi’s
streets on account of the overloading number of traffic participants. The author of above
article also showed the statistics of Hanoi Department of Planning and Architect, which
points out that Hanoi’s road system just meets the travelling demand of 40% of the
residents here. It is clear that the decrease of road’s quality is primarily as a result of
overpopulation. Furthermore, that too many people live together in a fixed area gives
rise to environmental pollution, which is also an easily noticeable problem in Hanoi. If
universities and colleges transfer to the suburban areas and other provinces, Hanoi
could be greener, clearer and more beautiful. The location shifting of the universities
brings benefits for not only large cities but small provinces to which schools are moved
as well because this will contribute to improve the living standard of the local inhabitants.
Firstly, constructing and developing schools have a part in enhancing intellectual
standard of the people in small provinces, especially undeveloped regions. Secondly,
once a university is opened, other public works such as roads, hospitals and
entertainment sites will be invested for upgrading. Therefore, those more modern
infrastructure systems will change the appearances of these localities. Finally, the
individual residents also benefit from this change when they have a chance of increasing
incomes by providing goods and services for students. Consequently, the gaps of
economy and education between cities and rural areas, which are pressing concerns,
will be narrowed.
It might be commonly argued that learning in local provinces is a barrier for
development of students due to the shortage of modern facilities and the weakness of
infrastructure; it is not true to some extents, however. Let’s take a look at some
universities in the centre of Hanoi such as : Hanoi Law University, Banking Academy,
Foreign Trade University and so on; it is clearly seen that there is an imbalance between
the very large number of students and the small areas. Some colleges do not have
enough space for students to take extracurricular activities even to learn physical

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Topic : Should universities be located in local provinces? Developing education equally between regions is one of the important strategies of the countries around the world. Still, there is a real situation that most universities gather in large cities, in Vietnam for example. This leads to uneven development between big cities and other smaller provinces as well as urban and rural areas. It would be more reasonable if universities and colleges settle in local provinces instead of big urban regions as they do now because of some reasons. There is no doubt that distributing universities in d ...
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