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horticultural systems of agriculture

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Introduction:
The systems of development and production enjoyed by the earlier people have vastly changed in
the current world and faced the direction of advancement in technology and other information-
enhanced systems. These in the current world have defined status, differentiated the rich from the
poor, and at the same time gave command to development of new systems of control and
authority. The distribution of valued goods and services to other different societies and outside
the family setting were the aspects that defined status in the cultures of Kapauka, Trobriand and
Aztec. These based on the involvement in horticultural systems of agriculture.
Most horticultural activities only favored by the type of soil in the land and how the
people maintain its productivity and improvement through the control of activity on it aim at
boosting their economy. Horticultural activities are small agricultural activities that require not
so large pieces of land and normally left to the women in the community. They involve the
production of foods and other agricultural products on a small scale. Consideration of the history
of the three cultures, the history of Kapauka favored much of its agricultural activities. Their
locations too are a major contributing factor to their horticultural activities.

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Surname 2
The cultural diversity of these people spans from a history rich with a mixture of people referring
to different names to mean them by many people with the “Me” term used by them to mean
themselves while others referring to them as Kapaukaa and their neighbors in the south while
those in the north referring to them as the Ekari.
Body:
The success of horticultural activities in these people’s land based majorly on their location and
the fact that a number of activities in the land engaged business community and how the related
with the Kapauka. Linked to a vital intertribal network pertained to trade, these people of Ekari
stood a better chance to trade their productions and increase their economic potential compared
to the others hence creating a positive impact to their economy. The presence of this connected
the Kapauka people to both goods and services from other regions. These were the basis of their
strength as a community and they helped them develop their horticultural activities more
intensively.
The development of the spiritual aspect of the people also came in as a developing factor.
The arrival of the Christian missionaries contributed to this development and made the people
more open to western cultures and ways of doing business. The Kapauka people were so isolated
until the setting up of a post by the Dutch that encouraged the connection between them and the
western world. These contributing factors also still had a huge impact on the encouragement of
the people in horticultural activities.
For a long time in the cultures and the domain of gender have existed with differences in
responsibilities and roles that each member plays in the family. Some members were specifically
engaged in the activities that yield food for the family while others were engaged in those that

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Surname 3
aim at production for trade. In the basic understanding of many cultural activities, the men are
engaged mostly in the food development aspects and the protection of the family settings. The
women on the other hand are engaged in family upbringing and the development of children.
Their economic systems that engaged the capitalism status made it a prosperous
community with their leader Leopold naming theirs a primitive capitalism economy where
people pursued wealth through the development of healthy ownership of the cowries shell
money. The consideration of these aspects and the aspects of ethnic individualism ensures that
these people gained social status and maintained their positions in the society.
The horticultural aspect of the Kapauka people were more developed due to the absence
of any other activities in this land. The old systems of activity that fed the family did not
favorably exist in this land. Hunting was not well developed due to a limited number of species
to hunt even fishing proved difficult and did not provide much for the family hence the rooting
of horticultural activities. Hunting rather grown into a sport and a source for raw materials since
the species existent is not favorable for consumption. These activities were not so favored and so
saw to the development of the horticultural aspects of the community. The community’s major
horticultural aspects were on the development of sweet potatoes that were a staple food for the
people and the involvement in the raising of pigs as a source of meet.
The rotation of products especially sweet potatoes and sugarcanes make these people
successful in their horticultural activities. They utilized the valley more than the other mountain
lands due to effects of attitude to the crop productions aspects. They primarily manage their
farms based on their natural understanding of the systems and what best survives in their land.
The development of pigs was not just an economic activity but was also tied to the cultures of

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