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Policy Issue Paper - green revolution


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Policy Issue Paper

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Policy Issue Paper
Executive Summary
This paper will comprehensively analyze the situation of green revolution, and its impact
to the modern society. Primarily, the green revolution refers to an enormous increase in the
production of agricultural products among the developing states. This increase was due to the
immense introduction of scientific applications in the field of agriculture, and characterized by
the use of pesticides, herbicides, high-yielding varieties of crops or grains, and general
improvement in the agricultural management techniques. The embracement of organic fertilizers
and modernized schemes of irrigation in agricultural operations were equally significant
advancements, which contributed to the green revolution that is experienced throughout the
The introduction of mechanization, which involves the use of technical machines to
plough, weed, and harvest, in the world of agriculture was, and still is, one among the greatest
factors green revolution. The revolution was also characterized by the introduction of various
soil conservation techniques that assist in the preservation of soil nutrients and moisture for
longer periods. Majorly, the whole matter of green revolution came into place between the late
1940s and 1970s.
However, it is indisputable that the green revolution came along with numerous
disadvantages to the firms and the larger global society as well. In as much as green revolution
has played a massive role in curbing global food shortage, its negative effects are enormous, and
those that require immediate attention in order prevent further damage to the society. Some of the
most notable disadvantages of green revolution include deforestation, pollution of the
atmosphere and water bodies, and loss of soil nutrients among others.
Therefore, it is important that all the stakeholders in the field of agriculture in all
countries throughout the world work on programs that would prevent further pollution of the

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environment and loss of natural vegetation cover due to Green Revolution. Although the
revolution has made huge steps in improving the agricultural productions, it is becoming
increasingly dangerous to the environment. Nonetheless, it is also possible to maintain these high
productions in the agricultural sector through the employment of farming techniques that are
more eco-friendly, and less hazardous to the environment and its habitants. Such techniques
include an effective use of herbicides and pesticides, proper disposal of agricultural wastes, and
many more.
Background of the Problem
The introduction of the Green Revolution in the United States of America and the rest of
the world aimed at ensuring self-sufficiency in the production of food in the society. On the
verge to achieve this target, the agricultural sector embraced numerous modern technological
applications, which undeniably led to an exponential growth in the productivity of agricultural
operations. Some of the main scientific and technological introductions into the agricultural
sector that resulted to the Green Revolution included the employment of modern inputs such as
the use of agricultural machinery; use complex, yet efficient inorganic fertilizers; and use of
high-yielding varieties of crops among others.
With that, the government of the United States of America, and the entire global society
came up with well-defined agricultural policies, which aimed at making the Green Revolution a
success. These policies worked towards introducing the diverse modern inputs for cultivation
with intentions to improve the overall agricultural productivity. The policies also incorporated
programs that would facilitate the provision of loans to both, the small and large-scale farmers,
with targets to fund as many farmers as possible. The Green Revolution policies also included
provisions that offered tax relief for agricultural products as well as free import duties on farm
machinery within the United States. (Bationo, Okeyo & Maina, 2011)

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