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Political Science and Government

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Political Science and Government
Political science is a new major in the modern day society whereby it concerns issues
relating to politics as well as governance within a country, a region, a state, or the entire world in
general. The growth of modernity as well as the expansion of the globalization concept has
inspired the theme of democracy and good governance, essential virtues in political
administration and governance of our states. Nowadays, it is just not enough to have a
government in office. However, it is necessary to have a good government in office, with leaders
who are accountable, as well as, responsible for their actions and decisions. A modern day
politician is no longer just anybody from the street who is popular with the public, but a man or
woman with prowess, skills and virtues of political governance (Eagles and Johnston 411).
Political science refers to the study of governments, political behaviors, political
processes, political systems, and public policies. This is a major field that deals entirely with the
political milestones and rhythms within a given political structure or country. As such, it follows
a number of laid out divisions and subfields, which include political studies and analysis,
political ideologies, political philosophy, political theory, political economy, international
relations and comparative politics among a host of other related fields. This makes political
scientists to turn out as good evaluators and users of both scientific and humanistic perspectives
in order to examine political systems. In addition, they also use tools and a variety of
methodological approaches in their examination of the political processes, political systems, as
well as, political dynamics of all regions and countries across the globe (Ernst and Frantzich
300).
A government refers to the system of governance and administration within a given
community, society, state or country, it incisively refers to the specific executive or center of

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power within a given states within a given period. A government usually comprises of politicians
who occupy several positions of governance such as arbitrators, legislators, and administrators. S
such, the government provides the means through which enforcement of state policy takes place,
as well as, providing the mechanism and platforms for determining the policy of the state. There
are different forms of governance, which are defined political systems or institutions that form a
specific government. These governments include democratic governments, whereby the citizens
of a country have to privilege and right of electing their leaders into office within a set period
after which elections are held. On the other hand, there are dictator ship governments whereby
the leaders in office abuse their power and authority to remain in office, against the wishes and
desires of their people, for a long time. These autocratic leaders also oppress and persecute their
own people, especially those against their style of leadership (Holmberg and Rothstein 440).
The concept of political science and governments deals with the overall study of political
structures within a given region, as well as, evaluate the factors that influence their formation,
and those that influence their daily operations. A good command of political science and
governments enables a political scientist to predict certain phenomenal events that may take
place in a given country or state, as they are able to predict the political economy and
movements, owing to the study and analysis conducted on the regions’ political structure. This
enables the political scientists to predict political events, major political decisions, public policies
based o certain political structures, as well as, diplomacy and international relations depending
on the crop of leadership in offices of governance in a given country, state or region (Jackson and
Jackson 31).
The government in office usually depends on the politics underlying its formation. This
means that if the politics within a region are cool, composed and calculated, a democratic
government will come into office, as it will win the general elections through free and fair

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