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. Fractures

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I- Introduction
A fracture is a break in the continuity of bone and is defined according to its type
and extent. Fractures occur when the bone is subjected to stress greater that it can absorb.
Fractures are caused by direct blows, crushing forces, sudden twisting motions, and even
extreme muscle contractions. When the bone is broken, adjacent structures are also
affected, resulting in soft tissue edema, hemorrhage into the muscles and joints, joint
dislocation, ruptured tendons, severed nerves, and damaged blood vessels. Body organs
maybe injured by the force that cause the fracture or by the fracture fragments.
There are different types of fractures and these include, complete fracture,
incomplete fracture, closed fracture, open fracture and there are also types of fractures that
may also be described according to the anatomic placement of fragments, particularly if
they are displaced or nondisplaced. Such as greenstick fracture, depressed fracture, oblique
fracture, avulsion, spinal fracture, impacted fracture, transverse fracture and compression
fracture.
A comminuted fracture is one that produces several bone fragments and a closed
fracture or simple fracture is one that not cause a break in the skin. Comminuted fracture
at the Right Femoral Neck is a fracture in which bones of the Right Femoral Neck has
splintered to several fragments.
By choosing this condition as a case study, the student nurse expects to broaden her
knowledge understanding and management of fracture, not just for the fulfillment of the
course requirements in medical-surgical nursing. It is very important for the nurses now a
day to be adequately informed regarding the knowledge and skill in managing these
conditions since hip fracture has a high incidence among elderly people, who have brittle
bones from osteoporosis (particularly women) and who tend to fall frequently. Often, a
fractured hip is a catastrophic event that will have a negative impact on the patient’s life
style and quality of life. There are two major types of hip fracture. Intracapsular fractures
are fractures of the neck of the femur, Extracapsular fracture are fractures of the
trochanteric region and of the subtrocanteric region. Fractures of the neck of the femur may
damage the vascular system that supplies blood to the head and the neck of the femur, and
the bone may die. Many older adults experience hip fracture that student nurse need to

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insure recovery and to attend their special need efficiently and effectively. True the
knowledge of this condition, a high quality of care will be provided to those people
suffering from it.

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I- Introduction A fracture is a break in the continuity of bone and is defined according to its type and extent. Fractures occur when the bone is subjected to stress greater that it can absorb. Fractures are caused by direct blows, crushing forces, sudden twisting motions, and even extreme muscle contractions. When the bone is broken, adjacent structures are also affected, resulting in soft tissue edema, hemorrhage into the muscles and joints, joint dislocation, ruptured tendons, severed nerves, and damaged blood vessels. Body organs maybe injured by the force that cause the fracture or by the fracture fragments. There are different types of fractures and these include, complete fracture, incomplete fracture, closed fracture, open fracture and there are also types of fractures that may also be described according to the anatomic placement of fragments, particularly if they are displaced or nondisplaced. Such as greenstick fracture, depressed fracture, oblique fracture, avulsion, spinal fracture, impacted fracture, transverse fracture and compression fracture. A comminuted fracture is one that produces several bone fragments and a closed fracture or simple fracture is one that not cause a break in the skin. Comminuted fracture at the Right Femoral Neck is a fracture in which bones of the Right Femoral Neck has splintered to several fragments. By choosing this condition as a case study, the student nurse expects to broaden her knowledge understanding and management of frac ...
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I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!

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