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History Assignment

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History106. [Section number], spring 2013
[Your name] [Date submitted]
Writing Assignment on Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois
1. Compare how Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois were raised. What kind of education
did they have? Did these things affect their view of the world and if so, how?
Mr. W.E.B. Du Bois was conceived in Great Barrington, Massachusetts in the year 1868
on the 23
rd
of February. He was raised in a community which suffered racial criticism. It was
plain that out of a population of 5,000 Native Americans of that town, Mr. Du Bois fell among
the few twenty five to fifty African American residents. Often times he would feel inferior and
minor in the hands of white children who mistreated and teased him because of his color. This
made it difficult for Mr. Du Bois early years as a child growing up facing the outward
expressions of racism. He felt rather discriminated than accepted by community, and this not
only befell him but the rest of his fellow African-American brothers and sisters who inhabited
the town (Du Bois Bio). Du Bois’ education background advanced into History and social
sciences where for more than a decade, he trained himself in sociological investigations of the
African-American racial relations. Mr. De Bois graduated from Fisk University Institution at
Nashville in the year 1888 and later on in 1895 received his Ph.D. from Harvard University
(Britannica article). Mr. Du Bois’ attitude turned sullen and introspective about life as a whole,
which was a product of the racial discrimination experienced over his life (Du Bois Bio).
The beginning for Mr. Booker T. Washington is rather clouded by mysteries which began
in a time of war which bestowed a sentimental attitude to the Negroes. His education and early

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childhood was not properly shaped since Mr. Washington was born as a slave in the North. Even
though this was the reality that dawned on him, Mr. Washington came, with a simple definite
programme, at the psychological moment when the nation was a little ashamed of having
bestowed so much sentiment on Negroes, and was concentrating its energies on Dollars. His
programme of industrial education, conciliation of the South, and submission and silence as to
civil and political rights, was not wholly original; the Free Negroes from 1830 up to wartime had
striven to build industrial schools (Souls, chap. 3, Para. 1).
2. What was the name of the institution that Washington headed in Alabama? What kind
of education did it offer African Americans, and why?
The institution was called Tuskegee. The school was founded on July 4, 1881, as the
Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers. It was part of the expansion of higher education
for blacks in the former Confederate states following the American Civil War, with many
schools founded by the northern American Missionary Association. The school expressed
Washington's dedication to the pursuit of self-reliance. In addition to training teachers, he also
taught the practical skills needed for his students to succeed at farming or other trades typical of
the rural South, where most of them came from. He wanted his students to see labor as practical,
but also as beautiful and dignified. As part of their work-study programs, students constructed
most of the new buildings. Many students earned all or part of their expenses through the
construction, agricultural, and domestic work associated with the campus, as they reared
livestock and raised crops, as well as producing other goods (Talented Tenth).

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History106. [Section number], spring 2013 [Your name] [Date submitted] Writing Assignment on Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois 1. Compare how Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois were raised. What kind of education did they have? Did these things affect their view of the world and if so, how? Mr. W.E.B. Du Bois was conceived in Great Barrington, Massachusetts in the year 1868 on the 23rd of February. He was raised in a community which suffered racial criticism. It was plain that out of a population of 5,000 Native Americans of that town, Mr. Du Bois fell among the few twenty five to fifty African American residents. Often times he would feel inferior and minor in the hands of white children who mistreated and teased him because of his color. This made it difficult for Mr. Du Bois early years as a child growing up facing the outward expressions of racism. He felt rather discriminated than accepted by community, and this not only befell him but the rest of his fellow African-American brothers and sisters who inhabited the town (Du Bois Bio). Du Bois’ education background advanced into History and social sciences where for more than a decade, he trained himself in soci ...
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