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Public Administration

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Public Administration
1. Concept of administration
a) Administering an incomplete government
In the early history of the American Bureaucracy, there was little constitutional structure
which granted inadequate power for the executive to be able to control bureaucracy
(Wilson, p259). Wilson mentions that President Washington never made efforts to seek
replication of the military order with relation to the executive as a president. He thus had
a tendency of appointing upstanding local citizens into government positions such as the
land offices post.
b) Big government administration
Franklin Roosevelt profoundly relied in the use of administrators in implementing his
New Deal vision (Wilson, p262). Like most of the developmental vision of the
government, Wilson further illustrates how the New Deal would provide great
advancements in the implementation of progressive reforms of leading the government.
2. Bureaucracy
a) Concept of rotation
Wilson (295) says that the bureaucracy is deeply affected by the launching of a
democratic revolution launched by a guy named Andrew Jackson via the simple rules of
rotation. This majorly relied on the principle of rotation where no public worker was at
liberty to the office. Hence, a new president with same political ideology of appointing

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new public officials was in demand. Thus, this concept affirmed the relationship of the
locals to the bureaucracy which later on was adopted by successors of Jacksons’
democratic support.
b) Bureaucracy expansion
There is an enormous growth in the size of the federal government during the post civil
war (Wilson, p298). The 3
rd
paragraph in this page gives the exact growth number, which
is 53,000 workers in 1870 to 256,000 by 1901.
3. Security: Protecting the country
As the early citizens in America equated standing armies, the vibrant young American
nation also needed effective military force for security purposes (Wilson, p245). After
going through a revolutionary war, the congress did not bother changing their militia
system nor did it bother to provide for a standing army. Small forces from the local
particularly Antony Wayne had efforts in protecting the country by securing the localities
from the Indians uprisings (Wilson, p245).
4. Public service
a) Modern Public service
There are several modern-day public services which characterize a modernized system.
Services such as the civil service exams and the systematic analyses of the original federal
government activities that reformed in the 1800’s are some of the modern steps
approaches used (Wilson, p279).
b) Civil service reforms

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Anonymous
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