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I. INTRODUCTION
NEPHROLITHIASIS
Is a kidney stone disease common to both men and women that affect kidneys.
The risk of forming a stone can be minimized by avoiding dehydration. Keeping the
urine dilute will not allow the chemical crystals to come out of solution and form the
beginning nidus a stone. Kidney stones may not produce symptoms until they begin
to move down the tubes (ureters) through which urine empties into the bladder.
When this happens, the stones can block the flow of urine out of the kidneys. This
causes swelling of the kidney or kidneys, causing pain. A person who has had
kidney stones often gets them again in the future. Thus having nephrolithiasis won’t
allow the kidney to do its function well that helps in maintaining acid-base balance,
filters waste products out of the blood, homeostasis and regulating blood pressure.
REASON FOR CHOOSING THE CASE
I chose nephrolithiasis as my case because it is a common disorder in the ward
that is often neglected as not as complicated as others were. Aside from being
common I wanted to explore and understand more the pathology, its anatomy and
functions that make the body in balance. Knowing the effects of having kidney
stones and its functions and learning the different nursing interventions can really
help me in my everyday learning experience especially in my duties in the hospitals.
In that way I could be able to impart the knowledge that I gained from having this
research and plan for my interventions that could help my patient prevent to any
further complications.

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II. CLIENT’S PROFILE
A. Socio-demographic data
Patient X is a 48-year-old female who is living with her family at
Galope Compound, Balulang, Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental. She has
one male child with age 25. She has no allergies reported. She has a chief
complaint of flank pain. She has a diagnosis of Nephrolithiasis and is
admitted at NMMC last November 09, 2010.
B. Vital Signs
The patient’s vital signs are the first actions that are immediately
done when arrival in the clinical area for it determines the standing of the
patient’s situation and how far does the patient’s vital signs exceed or
decreased from the normal values. The vital signs are taken, monitored
and recorded for it is the referral that determines the patient’s situation.
Patient X had the following vital signs: BP: 120/90 mmHg; PR: 88
bpm; RR: 20 and TEMP: 37

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 I. INTRODUCTION NEPHROLITHIASIS Is a kidney stone disease common to both men and women that affect kidneys. The risk of forming a stone can be minimized by avoiding dehydration. Keeping the urine dilute will not allow the chemical crystals to come out of solution and form the beginning nidus a stone. Kidney stones may not produce symptoms until they begin to move down the tubes (ureters) through which urine empties into the bladder. When this happens, the stones can block the flow of urine out of the kidneys. This causes swelling of the kidney or kidneys, causing pain. A person who has had kidney stones often gets them again in the future. Thus having nephrolithiasis won’t allow the kidney to do its function well that helps in maintaining acid-base balance, filters waste products out of the blood, homeostasis and regulating blood pressure. REASON FOR CHOOSING THE CASE I chose nephrolithiasis as my case because it is a common disorder in the ward that is often neglected as not as complicated as others were. Aside from being common I wanted to explore and understand more the pathology, its anatomy and functions that make the body in balance. Knowing the effects of having kidney stones and its functions and learning the different nursing interventions can really help me in my everyday learning experience especially in my duties in the hospitals. In that way I could be able to impart the knowledge that I gained from having this research and plan for my interventions ...
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