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Information System

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Management
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Georgetown University
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Running head: INFORMATION SYSTEM 1
Information System
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

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INFORMATION SYSTEM 2
Information system
Information system refers to the study of the interaction between hardware and software
that organizations and people use in to collect, create process, filter, and distribute data. The
components of the information system include; hardware, software, data, procedure, and people.
Schobel et al. (2016) explain that the component works together to bring out value to any
organization. Technology being an application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, the
use of hardware, software, and data fall under technology which is crucial to understand them.
The hardware describes the physical elements of an information system that can be touched.
These elements include disk drives, computer keyboards, and flash drives.
The software, on the other hand, refers to a set of instructions that control what the
hardware does. Software, unlike hardware devices, is intangible as they cannot be touched. In
cases where the programmers create programs through them, they provide a list of instructions
that controls what the hardware does on the computer. Schobel et al. (2016) further explain that
the software is categorized into application software and operating system software. The use of
operating systems enables them to run different programs within a personal computer, including
the use of Microsoft Windows. Application software also involves the use of applied systems
that run activities in computers, including Angry Birds and Microsoft Excel.
Similarly, data is a third component of the information system. Data refers to raw facts
that are collected by the system. These facts include information on a person's records, such as
phone number and street address. Just like in software, data is also considered as being
intangible, and they are not useful by their own they require the application of other components.
Here, they get organized, aggregated, and indexed into a database which becomes helpful in
organizations. The information systems focus primarily on the collection of data which makes it

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Running head: INFORMATION SYSTEM Information System Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation 1 2 INFORMATION SYSTEM Information system Information system refers to the study of the interaction between hardware and software that organizations and people use in to collect, create process, filter, and distribute data. The components of the information system include; hardware, software, data, procedure, and people. Schobel et al. (2016) explain that the component works together to bring out value to any organization. Technology being an application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, the use of hardware, software, and data fall under technology which is crucial to understand them. The hardware describes the physical elements of an information system that can be touched. These elements include disk drives, computer keyboards, and flash drives. The software, on the other hand, refers to a set of instructions that control what the hardware does. Software, unlike hardware devices, is intangible as they cannot be touched. In cases where the programmers create programs through them, they provide a list of instructions that controls what the hardware does on the computer. ...
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