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RES 341 Week 1 Individual Assignment Current Business Research Project Paper.

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Current Business Research Paper 1
Current Business Research Project Paper

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Current Business Research Paper 2
Introduction and Relevant Details
The purpose of this research was to investigate if computer use increases active
engagement in the learning process, as perceived by students. Two aspects of learning were
examined: active engagement of students in the learning process, and student interaction with
fellow students and/or instructors. In a survey of 640 community college students in the United
States, 75 % either agreed or strongly agreed that use of IT helped them to be more actively
engaged in learning, whilst 72 % agreed or strongly agreed that computers made it easier for
them to understand materials that they did not understand initially. Tests of significance showed
that use of computers helped students in being more actively engaged in learning, and that the
use of computers increased student interactions with fellow students and/or instructors.
Results of Data Analysis
Of the 690 surveys collected, 50 were found to be either incomplete or invalid. Only 640
surveys were used in the analysis, representing a 92.75 % response rate. Analysis of data
revealed that students used computers more often outside of classrooms than in their classes.
This is expected of students in most courses since they spend more time listening to their
instructors in classrooms to understand the subject matter presented and less time on computers.
On questions relating to frequency of use of computer software, it was found that the Internet
was the most frequently used software followed by word processing. Descriptive statistics
related to the perceived effectiveness of computer use on student learning are presented from the
research. This the first question dealt with the use of computers in regards of helping students to
be more actively engaged in their learning. 75.6 % of students either agreed or strongly agreed
that use of IT tools helped them to be more actively engaged in learning. Question two dealt
with the use of computers in regards of making it easier for students to review material that they

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Current Business Research Paper 3
did not understand in class. About 72 % (71.9 %) of students either agreed or strongly agreed
that the use of technologies made it easier for them to review material that they had difficulty in
understanding in class. The higher the frequency of computer use in class stronger is the student
response to active learning engagement. 70 % of students who used computers often in class
also agreed that use of computers helped them to be actively engaged in learning. According to
information gathered: 85 students never used computers outside of class, 206 students sometimes
used computers outside of class, 155 students often used computers outside of class, and 194
students very often used computers outside of class.
Conclusions and Recommendations
The study has a number of findings of which the following are most important. First, the
results suggest that the frequency of computer use by students is on the rise and this trend will
continue in the future, probably at a faster pace. It also suggests that the use of computers
promotes student learning by engaging them more in the learning process and by increasing their
interactions with fellow students and/or instructors. Another important finding is that the 'digital
divide' plays a role in how students perceive the effects of computer on their learning. Students
who have access to computers from home perceive the effectiveness of computers differently
from those who do not have such access. Finally, the study suggests that information technology
tools are not inexpensive and thus that students in schools with limited financial resources will
be at a disadvantage in their learning.
Future research should involve a more direct assessment of student learning outcomes
due to use of computers. Such assessment could be course-embedded or program-level.
Additionally, the effect of digital-divide should be explored further to know the degree to which

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