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GS102 Quiz 1

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The units of inheritance are
A) twins.
B) genes-
C) heredities.
D) metabolic activities.
E) evolutions.
Which of the following includes other levels of hierarchy?
A) kingdom
B) domain
C) family
D) phylum
E) order
The first step in the scientific method is to
A) propose a solution.
B) draw a conclusion.
C) perform an experiment.
D) predict the results of an experiment.
E) identify a problem.
Which of the following concepts best describes the wide variety of dog species we observe, ranging
from the domesticated golden retriever or the basset hound, to the wild dogs of Africa, to foxes?
A) special creation
B) taxonomy
C) preadaptation
D) inheritance of acquired characteristics.
E) evolution
The simplest entity that exhibits all of the properties of life is called a(n)
A) tissue.
B) molecule.
C) organism.
D) cell.
Organisms that have descended from the same initial group and have the ability to interbreed belong to the same
A) family.
B) class.
C) order.
D) genus.
E) species.

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Which list is organized from smallest to largest level of organization of life?
A) organelles, tissues, cells, organ systems, organs, organisms
B) tissues, cells, organelles, organs, organ systems, organisms
C) organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
D) cells, tissues, organ systems, organelles, organs, organisms
E) organisms, organ systems, organs, tissues, cells, organelles
Young multicelled organisms usually start out small, then grow in size, and increase in complexity. This
process is called:
A) development.
B) heredity.
C) evolution.
D) metabolism.
E) heredity.
To maintain order within their cells and organs, all living things must
A) be able to move.
B) constantly change.
C) reproduce.
D) extract energy from sunlight.
E) carry on metabolism.
Characteristics usually associated with life include all of the following except:
A) a high degree of organization.
B) motility.
C) lack of change from generation to generation.
D) responsiveness to stimuli.
E) reproduction.
If an ecologist is studying the cycling of carbon through a particular environment (which involes the
movement of carbon through living things as well as through rock, air, and water), the scientist is
studying at what level of ecology?
A) organismal
B) community
C) ecosystem
D) population
E) biosphere
Scientists have found that ancient fossils
A) are less similar to present-day organisms than more recent fossils.
B) are more similar to present-day organisms than more recent fossils.
C) are very similar to present-day organisms.

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D) are just as similar to present-day organisms as more recent fossils.
E) bear no resemblance to present-day organisms.
What is the term that describes the study of the relationship between living things and components of
their environment?
A) zoology
B) ichnology
C) herpetology
D) ecology
E) analogy
Which of the following is considered to be the most basic living unit?
A) organelle
B) cell
C) organ system
D) tissue
E) molecule
In populations, adaptation usually arises through
A) heredity.
B) responsiveness.
C) natural selection.
D) metabolism.
E) development.
The scientific name for the black-footed ferret is Mustela nigripes. The name Mustela indicates the
_____________________ to which the organisms belongs.
A) genus
B) family
C) phylum
D) species
E) class
All the living organisms in a particular area at a particular time make up a
A) population.
B) ecosystem.
C) biosphere.
D) community.
E) biosystem.
Organisms that undergo sexual reproduction
A) require another organism to reproduce.

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