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Reflection Paper on Religion
Reading William Young's book on religion sparked inner conversations in me regarding
my religion and my spiritual journey and relation with people from my denomination and
others. Its information regarding faith and suffering is intense and, in some way, uncomfortable
in how it expresses theological weirdness. In this paper, I will discuss my Christian faith and
Buddhism facts. Also, I will talk of Buddhism views that sound unorthodox about William
Young's quotes and information from his books. This paper will be answering the questions
asked while basing my arguments on the one Supreme being, humanity, and the gospel. In
addition to that, questions related to Hinduism take on human nature and human conditions,
Buddha's story contextualization within Moddy's five stages, and the Four Noble Truths
according to Buddhism will also be discussed.
How Hinduism Views Human Nature and the Human Condition
The diversity of Hinduism and the fact that there are over forty-one thousand Christian
denominations all over the world makes Hinduism views on human nature and human
conditions wide. Despite its wideness, it is important to know that Hindus have a theme in their
religion known as ontological unity and theory of the universe, the unity that makes every
human being one. Hinduism believes that reality is only one. Religion believes in a force called
Brahman that sustains the world with its energy, power, and force (Young, 2013). Just like
Christianity, Hinduism believes that all originated from emptiness and nothing and that human
nature came from emptiness which led to the creation of man and then a woman. The unified
human nature didn't get lost from bringing into existence a man and a woman as separate, it
just took different forms. That is what describes the human condition and nature of the world
that every human being is one, and is interconnected with every being (Ortlund and Young,
2021). What affects the perfection of human nature are human conditions like ignorance and
threats like egos.
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Understanding Moksha requires one to understand soul concepts well. Moksha means
salvation and attaining a man needs to have the soul liberated from the circle of birth and rebirth
because the soul never dies but passed on to another body. To be free from that life circle man
must align their lives to livelihoods that help achieve that. However, several factors that prevent
many from attaining it are lack of faith, goodness, grace, and confidence of salvation that God
will finish what He started (Ortlund and Young, 2021). Hinduism views atman as a theory of
human nature where every human being is one, and every human soul or self is connected and
identical to all other-selves to one central hub. Katha Upanishad views Moksha as an end to
suffering, getting released from the worldly cycle of birth and death (Ortlund and Young,
2021). As of Atman, Katha Upanishad thinks of it as a human being's truest nature that is
undefinable and intangible, a greater cosmic force that sustains every human being.
Buddhas Story contextualization in Moody’s five stages and the impacts of four passing
lights on Siddhartha
Buddha’s religious stories have four stages of the soul; the first one is Sotāpanna,
followed by Sakadāgāmi, then the Anāgāmi, and lastly the Arahant (Young, 2013). They relate
in context to Moody's five stages of the soul which are Call, Search, Struggle, Breakthrough,
and lastly Return. The call just like Sakadāgāmi is where a supreme bring sets one a task which
they fill is difficult for them to carry. The moment of search as Buddha refers to it as the
Anāgāmi is going out into the world and look for ways to have the task work in a way that is
in line with achieving Moksha, and lastly, Arahant covers Moody’s Return, it happens in the
form of wisdom, wisdom that has been gained from the struggles and breakthroughs
experienced in life (Ortlund and Young, 2021).
The four passing sights impacted Siddhartha and made him renounce his luxurious
life for a life of light and faith. Having lived luxuriously his whole life with no pain, the four
sights made Siddhartha realize that life comes to an end and there is peace in living righteously,
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compassionately, and peacefully like a monk before diseases, old age and death catches up
with him. I believe that every human being who is rational experiences the four sights in life
because as Williams says, “But your choices are also not stronger than my purpose, and I will
use every choice you make for the ultimate good and the most loving outcome (Young, 2013)
meaning as a Christian who is blessed to have everything and can even have more, we must
choose honest and truthful lives which is full of calm and giving back to the society where we
can. Going out of my way to help, meditate and interact with honesty and fairness helps me
attain my four sights by just doing good in life.
Four Noble Truths according to Buddhism and Buddha’s Views Concerning Human
Confusion, Disappointment, Pain and Suffering
The truth of suffering, cause of suffering, end of suffering, and path which leads to the
end of suffering are the four noble truths to Buddhism. They imply that there is suffering, and
it has its cause, and end and also and a cause which leads to its end. "Suffering is supposed to
make humans pragmatic to the world the way it is by helping in its rectification (Young, 2013)".
The truths act as contingency plans that help humanity deal with the suffering and mental
torture that we go through. Buddha views pain and suffering, disappointment, and human
confusion as a pathway to achieving Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path. These pathways are Right
Concentration, Right Mindfulness, Right Effort, Right Livelihood, Right Action, Right Speech,
Right Thought, and Right Understanding (Young, 2013). The noble truths and eightfold paths
make human beings have speech, thought and good understanding, making their actions,
livelihoods, and efforts have insights of wisdom that are according to Buddha's ways.
The mentioned above eightfold paths help a human being live the right way. It happens
afterlife or spiritual suffering of the Four Noble Truths has ended. It is at this point that Nirvana
gets achieved. Nirvana is the supreme state of freedom, freedom from worldly rebirth and death
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life cycles, and also freedom from suffering (Young, 2013). Also, its Nirvana is a state of
epitome spiritual open clarification.
Conclusion
Buddhism entails in-depth information on spirituality in mans' mortality. It leads man
to peace that can only be attained when Moksha is attained. William's text gives in-depth
information about all this, making other faiths give comparisons to their ways and Buddhist
way of spirituality. Christianity just like Buddhism believes in salvation, and living righteously
and compassionately to attain the state of salvation where the soul is free from suffering and
the cycle of rebirth and multiple deaths. Both religions glorify gratification which is unknown
to many men, and advice on spiritual and goodly livelihoods that is free from conflict but of
helping and meditation with supreme being to attain four passing sights the way Siddhartha
did.
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References
Ortlund, G., & Young, W. (2021). The god of William Paul Young. The Gospel Coalition.
Retrieved 11 June 2021, from https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/reviews/lies-we-
believe-god-william-paul-young/.
Young, W. A. (2013). The world’s religions: worldviews and contemporary issues. Fourth
edition. Boston: Pearson.
Websites
Basics of Buddhism. Pbs.org. (2021). Retrieved 11 June 2021, from
https://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm.
Summary of Hinduism on Human Nature. Reason and meaning. (2021). Retrieved 11 June
2021, from https://reasonandmeaning.com/2014/10/03/philosophy-of-human-nature-
part-3-hinduism/.

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1 Reflection Paper on Religion Reading William Young's book on religion sparked inner conversations in me regarding my religion and my spiritual journey and relation with people from my denomination and others. Its information regarding faith and suffering is intense and, in some way, uncomfortable in how it expresses theological weirdness. In this paper, I will discuss my Christian faith and Buddhism facts. Also, I will talk of Buddhism views that sound unorthodox about William Young's quotes and information from his books. This paper will be answering the questions asked while basing my arguments on the one Supreme being, humanity, and the gospel. In addition to that, questions related to Hinduism take on human nature and human conditions, Buddha's story contextualization within Moddy's five stages, and the Four Noble Truths according to Buddhism will also be discussed. How Hinduism Views Human Nature and the Human Condition The diversity of Hinduism and the fact that there are over forty-one thousand Christian denominations all over the world makes Hinduism views on human nature and human conditions wide. Despite its wideness, it is important to know that Hindus have a theme in their religion known as ontological unity and theory of the universe, the unity that makes every human being one. Hinduism believes that reality is only one. Religion believes in a force called Brahman that sustains the world with its energy, power, and force (Young, 2013). Just like Christianity, Hinduism believes that all originated from emptiness and nothing and that human nature came from emptiness which led to the creation of man and then a woman. The unified human nature didn't get lost from bringing into existence a man and a woman as separate, it just took different forms. That is what describes the human condition and nature of the world that every human being is one, and is interconnected with every being (Ortlund and Young, 2021). What affects the perfection of human nature are human conditions like ignorance and threats like egos. 2 Understanding Moksha requires one to understand soul concepts well. Moksha means salvation and attaining a man needs to have the soul liberated from the circle of birth and rebirth because the soul never dies but passed on to another body. To be free from that life circle man must align their lives to livelihoods that help achieve that. However, several factors that prevent many from attaining it are lack of faith, goodness, grace, and confidence of salvation that God will finish what He started (Ortlund and Young, 2021). Hinduism views atman as a theory of human nature where every human being is one, and every human soul or self is connected and identical to all other-selves to one central hub. Katha Upanishad views Moksha as an end to suffering, getting released from the worldly cycle of birth and death (Ortlund and Young, 2021). As of Atman, Katha Upanishad thinks of it as a human being's truest nature that is undefinable and intangible, a greater cosmic force that sustains every human being. Buddhas Story contextualization in Moody’s five stages and the impacts of four passing lights on Siddhartha Buddha’s religious stories have four stages of the soul; the first one is Sotāpanna, followed by Sakadāgāmi, then the Anāgāmi, and lastly the Arahant (Young, 2013). They relate in context to Moody's five stages of the soul which are Call, Search, Struggle, Breakthrough, and lastly Return. The call just like Sakadāgāmi is where a supreme bring sets one a task which they fill is difficult for them to carry. The moment of search as Buddha refers to it as the Anāgāmi is going out into the world and look for ways to have the task work in a way that is in line with achieving Moksha, and lastly, Arahant covers Moody’s Return, it happens in the form of wisdom, wisdom that has been gained from the struggles and breakthroughs experienced in life (Ortlund and Young, 2021). The four passing sights impacted Siddhartha and made him renounce his luxurious life for a life of light and faith. Having lived luxuriously his whole life with no pain, the four sights made Siddhartha realize that life comes to an end and there is peace in living righteously, 3 compassionately, and peacefully like a monk before diseases, old age and death catches up with him. I believe that every human being who is rational experiences the four sights in life because as Williams says, “But your choices are also not stronger than my purpose, and I will use every choice you make for the ultimate good and the most loving outcome (Young, 2013)” meaning as a Christian who is blessed to have everything and can even have more, we must choose honest and truthful lives which is full of calm and giving back to the society where we can. Going out of my way to help, meditate and interact with honesty and fairness helps me attain my four sights by just doing good in life. Four Noble Truths according to Buddhism and Buddha’s Views Concerning Human Confusion, Disappointment, Pain and Suffering The truth of suffering, cause of suffering, end of suffering, and path which leads to the end of suffering are the four noble truths to Buddhism. They imply that there is suffering, and it has its cause, and end and also and a cause which leads to its end. "Suffering is supposed to make humans pragmatic to the world the way it is by helping in its rectification (Young, 2013)". The truths act as contingency plans that help humanity deal with the suffering and mental torture that we go through. Buddha views pain and suffering, disappointment, and human confusion as a pathway to achieving Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path. These pathways are Right Concentration, Right Mindfulness, Right Effort, Right Livelihood, Right Action, Right Speech, Right Thought, and Right Understanding (Young, 2013). The noble truths and eightfold paths make human beings have speech, thought and good understanding, making their actions, livelihoods, and efforts have insights of wisdom that are according to Buddha's ways. The mentioned above eightfold paths help a human being live the right way. It happens afterlife or spiritual suffering of the Four Noble Truths has ended. It is at this point that Nirvana gets achieved. Nirvana is the supreme state of freedom, freedom from worldly rebirth and death 4 life cycles, and also freedom from suffering (Young, 2013). Also, its Nirvana is a state of epitome spiritual open clarification. Conclusion Buddhism entails in-depth information on spirituality in mans' mortality. It leads man to peace that can only be attained when Moksha is attained. William's text gives in-depth information about all this, making other faiths give comparisons to their ways and Buddhist way of spirituality. Christianity just like Buddhism believes in salvation, and living righteously and compassionately to attain the state of salvation where the soul is free from suffering and the cycle of rebirth and multiple deaths. Both religions glorify gratification which is unknown to many men, and advice on spiritual and goodly livelihoods that is free from conflict but of helping and meditation with supreme being to attain four passing sights the way Siddhartha did. 5 References Ortlund, G., & Young, W. (2021). The god of William Paul Young. The Gospel Coalition. Retrieved 11 June 2021, from https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/reviews/lies-webelieve-god-william-paul-young/. Young, W. A. (2013). The world’s religions: worldviews and contemporary issues. Fourth edition. Boston: Pearson. Websites Basics of Buddhism. Pbs.org. (2021). Retrieved 11 June 2021, from https://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm. Summary of Hinduism on Human Nature. Reason and meaning. (2021). Retrieved 11 June 2021, from https://reasonandmeaning.com/2014/10/03/philosophy-of-human-naturepart-3-hinduism/. Name: Description: ...
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