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History paper 4
Hitler’s Germany, 1929-1941
Question
How successful was Hitler in his domestic policies ? (30)
Answer
Hitler can be seen as being successful in the undertaking of his domestic policies for Germany as he did
as much possible to re-establish the social, military and economic aspects of Germany that were so worn
down because of what happened after World War One and the Great Depression.
Hitler came up with the master race theory, stating that Aryans were the ‘superior race of peoples’ and
that they were the true people of Germany. With this, a variety of jobs were created to accommodate
Aryans including conscription of young adult men into the army, appointment of Aryans into businesses
such as retail stores, appointment of teachers into the Nazi Teachers league, the creation of public work
schemes and the appointment of people to work in the military during Germany’s rearmament period.
This covered the aspect of employment, which Hitler ensured to secure for every German. Despite this,
Hitler did very little in terms of actually uniting Germany. He did not make any convincing efforts to
make peace with Germans who had different political views. Rather than bringing the people of
Germany together, Hitler simply turned those who did not agree with him into outcasts and ‘enemies of
the state.’ Nevertheless, Hitler and his domestic policies brought about success as Hitler also
emphasized upon the notion of women in Germany bearing many children and being awarded for such.
The bearing of children would ensure that more Aryans would be present and would be capable of
undertaking the policies Hitler set.
Hitler believed that by using propaganda, his regime would be able to spread the popularity of Nazism
among citizens, making them more loyal to the state. This also included anti-semitism- the disliking and
alienating of Jews- which built up the image of Jews being responsible for Germany’s mishaps.
Oncemore, Hitler’s hatred of Jews lead to their removal from offices and businesses where they
operated in Germany. This again opened up employment for Aryans, and for them to operate in the high
positions where the Jews operated in. By having a one party state, Hitler was making sure that his ideas
stood out as much as possible as he had no opposition from rival political parties and trade unions. This
helped as it again brought about loyalty from the German people as Nazism, propaganda and the use of
the Gestapo and the SS, made sure Hitler would undertake his domestic policies as quick and efficiently
as possible. Despite this though, Hitler’s aim for Germany to be self-sufficient could not be fully achieved
as Germany still lacked important raw materials that other countries had which resulted in them having
to import these lacking raw materials, an unsuccessful endeavor from Hitler. Nevertheless, Hitler formed
a government that could not be displaced and the Nazis were successful in creating state based on their
beliefs and doctrines.
In conclusion, I believe that Hitler was successful with his domestic policy, but not completely. Germany
failed to achieve self-sufficiency despite the vast changes and improvements that Hitler made. Hitler
was viewed as a despot in his undertakings of his domestic policy by other Germans rather than being
much adored. He did get Germany to its former glory- militarily- at an expense for the country to be
ready for another war.

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