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Assignment
A. Mark the following statements as True or False. Correct any false
statement. Provide illustrative examples on ALL answers.
1- Null subjects do not exist in English. False
There are three types of null subjects in English. Imperative null subject (ex:
Don’t lose your nerve!). Truncated null subject (ex: can’t find my pen!).
Nonfinite null subject (ex: we would like to stay).
2- Auxiliariless clauses contain an abstract T constituent. True
Since all finite and infinite clauses are TPs, they should include the head T
which can be abstract because either the tense is attached to the verb like in “
he enjoys syntax” or it is phonetically spellout like in “ I have never know
Tom criticise anyone”. On the other hand, the abstract T provides a unitary
characterization of the syntax of clauses. In addition, the subject of the
clause is always in spec-T.
3- Cliticisation is allowed with causative have. False
Cliticisation is allowed when it is an auxiliary like in they’ve seen a ghost ;
however, it is prohibited when it is the causative/ experiential have which
means it is the main verb like in They have their car serviced regularly.
4- A big PRO occurs in a finite embedded clause. False
A big PRO occurs in nonfinite embedded clause which know as a control
clause. For example, we would like to stay
5- An embedded TP can be focused in pseudo-cleft sentences.
B. Account for the ungrammaticality of the following sentences:
1- * To be he must go straight.
(To bed) is a minimal projection which means it can not stand alone as it
doesn’t undergo the preposing operation.
2- * Everybody dare correct him.
Since dare is a polarity item, so it must be c-commanded by an affective
(negative, interrogative, or conditional) constituent. Since Everybody isn’t
affective constituent, the sentence is grammatical.
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3- * The [chairwoman has resigned from the board] and [company has replaced
him].
According to the binding Conditions, the anaphoric expression must be c-
commanded by an appropriate antecedent that agrees with it in gender and
number.
C. Draw tress for the following sentences.
1- The jury believe the suspect to be innocent.
2- They didn’t see the senator leave the hall.
Good Luck 

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Assignment A. Mark the following statements as True or False. Correct any false statement. Provide illustrative examples on ALL answers. 1- Null subjects do not exist in English. False There are three types of null subjects in English. Imperative null subject (ex: Don’t lose your nerve!). Truncated null subject (ex: can’t find my pen!). Nonfinite null subject (ex: we would like to stay). 2- Auxiliariless clauses contain an abstract T constituent. True Since all finite and infinite clauses are TPs, they should include the head T which can be abstract because either the tense is attached to the verb like in “ he enjoys syntax” or it is phonetically spellout like in “ I have never know Tom criticise anyone”. On the other hand, the abstract T provides a unitary characterization of the syntax of clauses. In addition, the subject of the clause is always in spec-T. 3- Cliticisation is allowed with causative have. False Cliticisation is allowed when it is an auxiliary like in they’ve seen a ghost ; however, it is prohibited when it is the causative/ experiential have which means it is the main verb like in They have their car serviced regularly. 4- A big PRO occurs in a finite embedded clause. False A big PRO occurs in nonfinite embedded clause which know as a control clause. For example, we would like to stay 5- An embedded TP can be focused in pseudo-cleft sentences. B. Account for the ungrammaticality of the following sentences: 1- * To be he must go straight. (To bed) is a minimal projection which means it can not stand alone as it doesn’t undergo the preposing operation. 2- * Everybody dare correct him. Since dare is a polarity item, so it must be c-commanded by an affective (negative, interrogative, or conditional) constituent. Since Everybody isn’t affective constituent, the sentence is grammatical. 3- * The [chairwoman has resigned from the board] and [company has replaced him]. According to the binding Conditions, the anaphoric expression must be ccommanded by an appropriate antecedent that agrees with it in gender and number. C. Draw tress for the following sentences. 1- The jury believe the suspect to be innocent. 2- They didn’t see the senator leave the hall. Good Luck Name: Description: ...
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