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Policy Assignment #2: Global Suicide Rates
Student Name
Course
Professor Name
Date
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Global Suicide Rates
Suicide has become one of the serious public health issues around the globe. In the
United States, suicide is a significant cause of death, especially among teens. Globally, more
than 700,000 people die every year due to suicide. Firearms, hanging, and ingestion of pesticides
are the most common methods of committing suicide. The issue becomes a tragedy to the
affected families, community, and the country since it leaves many orphans, widows, and other
concerned people behind. However, suicides are preventable with time, especially by using an
effective communication strategy to the affected audiences, which has helped reduce the number
of suicides. Also, cultural activities can help in contributing positively or negatively against
suicide among people. Mostly, suicide is caused by depression which mainly occurs among
youths. Therefore, earlier recognition of a person suffering from suicidal behaviors,
management, and access to quality health care is the most effective way of saving these lives.
Unfortunately, suicide happens to be among the primary cause of death among many
youths. A study conducted in 2019 indicated that suicide was the 4
th
leading cause of death
among people aged 15-29 years globally. Suicide not only occurs in high-income families but in
all regions over the world. The research also indicated that 77% of global suicides were severe in
middle and low-income countries (Scott et al., 2020). Although suicides may occur in high-
income countries due to excessive alcohol, many suicides occur in moments of downfall.
Therefore, an individual's ability to cope with chronic pains, financial problems, life stresses, and
illness decreases. Also, people experiencing abuse, violation, disaster, and conflicts are at the
risk of committing suicide. Many suicidal cases have been reported among gays, lesbians,
prisoners, and refugees, mainly discriminated against by other people and the law. Also, people
from different cultures perceive suicide differently. In the United States, suicide is considered a
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masculine act and common among girls and women (Keyes et al., 2020). Women who engage in
suicidal behaviors are considered to be more deviant than men. Many suicide cases are reported
in cultures with gender-based discrimination as these individuals are affected by internal
pressures and domestic violence.
Communication strategies have also been very crucial in helping many individuals
involved in suicidal behaviors. The system consists of circumstances where victims express their
intentions, thoughts, and feelings in an interaction with the people around them. Lack of
effective dialogue and communication for suicide victims has been the primary cause of suicidal
cases in many Western countries. According to WHO's the opinion on suicide prevention, it is
essential to nearly identify a person with suicidal behavior, assess them, manage them and
conduct a regular follow-up strategy to remove the suicidal behaviors in the victim’s mind (Kim
& Zisook, 2021). When encountered by a person with suicidal behaviors, it is vital to save their
lives by allowing them to speak openly about the problem, show empathy and willingness to
listen to the victim, and provide a safe environment for the discussion. The victims should
acquire emotional support from the one nursing them the use of effective communication
strategy. It is essential to be aware of the victim's cultural background during communication and
consider seeking assistance from relevant people (Bardon et al., 2021). In this regard, an
appropriate communication strategy helps eliminate suicidal activities among patients and helps
them regain their normal health.
Mental health literacy involves the beliefs and knowledge about various mental problems
that facilitate their recognition, management, and prevention. Health literacy has paramount
prevention against those engaged in suicidal behavior, especially those with depression. A report
from WHO indicated that 20% of all global suicides result from pesticide self-poisoning, mainly
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4
occur among middle and low-income families. Knowing the principal method used in
committing suicide is essential as it helps determine the effective devise prevention strategy.
Currently, certain restrictions of accessing pesticides and firearms have acted as a means of
suicide prevention. Also, WHO encourages individuals to willingly interact with the media in
reporting suicides, which helps the ministry of health determine various methods of cubing the
cases (Rezaeian, 2018). Also, the community plays a crucial role in preventing suicides.
Community engagement is a participator and active method through which different
communities can shape and influence services and policies. Therefore, communities can prevent
suicides by developing activities that are appropriate to their local environment. When
effectively implemented, community engagement can act as a bottom-up process of preventing
global suicides. Also, community engagement is cost-effective compared to other WHO
methods. The low cost of community engagement in preventing suicides is appropriate to the
middle and low-income families in the community. Various taboos and stigma hinder them from
accessing quality care for suicidal behaviors.
Globally, culture remains to be a significant determinant of suicide. People from different
cultures report different rates of suicides every year. Suicidal acts have been reported to be high
among East Indian women and South African women. In these societies, women adopt modern
western cultures and tend to abandon their cultural values and beliefs. Adaptations of western
cultures and inadequate definitions of cultural values expose them to emotional disorders and
suicidal behavior (Mayer et al., 2018). Conversely, low cases of suicides are reported in Muslim
countries like Pakistan. Muslims mostly hold their cultural beliefs firmly and are not attracted by
western cultures. The strict legal and religious beliefs prevent them from committing suicidal
acts. Therefore, cultures mainly contribute to the engagement of suicidal acts besides other
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factors. In the United States, people do not strictly hold their cultural beliefs, exposing many
young adults to suicides due to depression (Kral, 2019). In this regard, different cultures have
prevented individuals from engaging in certain suicidal behaviors, and this has helped reduce the
rates of reported suicidal cases among other countries.
In conclusion, suicide has become a tragedy to the affected families, community, and the
country since it leaves many orphans, widows, and other concerned people behind with no care
and support. Therefore, the ministry of health, the government, and the communities should
continue collaborative work to prevent suicides. Developing the best and appropriate prevention
methods among the patients to help prevent suicides. Also, people living with people affected by
suicide should produce the best communication strategies by listening to the affected people and
supporting them emotionally. Communities should create an action plan that helps cater to those
affected by suicidal thoughts to reduce cases in a bottom-up strategy. Like the Muslim countries,
other countries can also develop various systems and cultural activities that help to reduce the
possibilities of suicides, especially among the youths. Multiple studies conducted reveal that
parents should maintain a close relationship with their children, especially the girls who are
easily depressed. Parent's guidance is very crucial in providing emotional support among their
children.
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References
Arensman, E., Scott, V., De Leo, D., & Pirkis, J. (2020). Suicide and suicide prevention from a
global perspective. Crisis.
Arya, V., Page, A., River, J., Armstrong, G., & Mayer, P. (2018). Trends and socioeconomic
determinants of suicide in India: 20012013. Social psychiatry and psychiatric
epidemiology, 53(3), 269-278.
Kim, K., & Zisook, S. (2021). Physician death by suicide in the United States: 2012
2016. Journal of psychiatric research, 134, 158-165.
Kral, M. J. (2019). The idea of suicide: Contagion, imitation, and cultural diffusion. Routledge.
Martínez-Alés, G., Hernández-Calle, D., Khauli, N., & Keyes, K. M. (2020). Why are suicide
rates increasing in the United States? Towards a multilevel reimagination of suicide
prevention. Behavioral Neurobiology of Suicide and Self Harm, 1-23.
Rassy, J., Bardon, C., Dargis, L., Côté, L. P., Corthésy-Blondin, L., Mörch, C. M., & Labelle, R.
(2021). Information and Communication Technology Use in Suicide Prevention: Scoping
Review. Journal of medical internet research, 23(5), e25288.
Rezaeian, M. (2018). A critical look at the world health organization report for suicide
prevention. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, 16(12), 1169-1174.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

1 Policy Assignment #2: Global Suicide Rates Student Name Course Professor Name Date 2 Global Suicide Rates Suicide has become one of the serious public health issues around the globe. In the United States, suicide is a significant cause of death, especially among teens. Globally, more than 700,000 people die every year due to suicide. Firearms, hanging, and ingestion of pesticides are the most common methods of committing suicide. The issue becomes a tragedy to the affected families, community, and the country since it leaves many orphans, widows, and other concerned people behind. However, suicides are preventable with time, especially by using an effective communication strategy to the affected audiences, which has helped reduce the number of suicides. Also, cultural activities can help in contributing positively or negatively against suicide among people. Mostly, suicide is caused by depression which mainly occurs among youths. Therefore, earlier recognition of a person suffering from suicidal behaviors, management, and access to quality health care is the most effective way of saving these lives. Unfortunately, suicide happens to be among the primary cause of death among many youths. A study conducted in 2019 indicated that suicide was the 4th leading cause of death among people aged 15-29 years globally. Suicide not only occurs in high-income families but in all regions over the world. The research also indicated that 77% of global suicides were severe in middle and low-income countries (Scott et al., 2020). Although suicides may occur in highincome countries due to excessive alcohol, many suicides occur in moments of downfall. Therefore, an individual's ability to cope with chronic pains, financial problems, life stresses, and illness decreases. Also, people experiencing abuse, violation, disaster, and conflicts are at the risk of committing suicide. Many suicidal cases have been reported among gays, lesbians, prisoners, and refugees, mainly discriminated against by other people and the law. Also, people from different cultures perceive suicide differently. In the United States, suicide is considered a 3 masculine act and common among girls and women (Keyes et al., 2020). Women who engage in suicidal behaviors are considered to be more deviant than men. Many suicide cases are reported in cultures with gender-based discrimination as these individuals are affected by internal pressures and domestic violence. Communication strategies have also been very crucial in helping many individuals involved in suicidal behaviors. The system consists of circumstances where victims express their intentions, thoughts, and feelings in an interaction with the people around them. Lack of effective dialogue and communication for suicide victims has been the primary cause of suicidal cases in many Western countries. According to WHO's the opinion on suicide prevention, it is essential to nearly identify a person with suicidal behavior, assess them, manage them and conduct a regular follow-up strategy to remove the suicidal behaviors in the victim’s mind (Kim & Zisook, 2021). When encountered by a person with suicidal behaviors, it is vital to save their lives by allowing them to speak openly about the problem, show empathy and willingness to listen to the victim, and provide a safe environment for the discussion. The victims should acquire emotional support from the one nursing them the use of effective communication strategy. It is essential to be aware of the victim's cultural background during communication and consider seeking assistance from relevant people (Bardon et al., 2021). In this regard, an appropriate communication strategy helps eliminate suicidal activities among patients and helps them regain their normal health. Mental health literacy involves the beliefs and knowledge about various mental problems that facilitate their recognition, management, and prevention. Health literacy has paramount prevention against those engaged in suicidal behavior, especially those with depression. A report from WHO indicated that 20% of all global suicides result from pesticide self-poisoning, mainly 4 occur among middle and low-income families. Knowing the principal method used in committing suicide is essential as it helps determine the effective devise prevention strategy. Currently, certain restrictions of accessing pesticides and firearms have acted as a means of suicide prevention. Also, WHO encourages individuals to willingly interact with the media in reporting suicides, which helps the ministry of health determine various methods of cubing the cases (Rezaeian, 2018). Also, the community plays a crucial role in preventing suicides. Community engagement is a participator and active method through which different communities can shape and influence services and policies. Therefore, communities can prevent suicides by developing activities that are appropriate to their local environment. When effectively implemented, community engagement can act as a bottom-up process of preventing global suicides. Also, community engagement is cost-effective compared to other WHO methods. The low cost of community engagement in preventing suicides is appropriate to the middle and low-income families in the community. Various taboos and stigma hinder them from accessing quality care for suicidal behaviors. Globally, culture remains to be a significant determinant of suicide. People from different cultures report different rates of suicides every year. Suicidal acts have been reported to be high among East Indian women and South African women. In these societies, women adopt modern western cultures and tend to abandon their cultural values and beliefs. Adaptations of western cultures and inadequate definitions of cultural values expose them to emotional disorders and suicidal behavior (Mayer et al., 2018). Conversely, low cases of suicides are reported in Muslim countries like Pakistan. Muslims mostly hold their cultural beliefs firmly and are not attracted by western cultures. The strict legal and religious beliefs prevent them from committing suicidal acts. Therefore, cultures mainly contribute to the engagement of suicidal acts besides other 5 factors. In the United States, people do not strictly hold their cultural beliefs, exposing many young adults to suicides due to depression (Kral, 2019). In this regard, different cultures have prevented individuals from engaging in certain suicidal behaviors, and this has helped reduce the rates of reported suicidal cases among other countries. In conclusion, suicide has become a tragedy to the affected families, community, and the country since it leaves many orphans, widows, and other concerned people behind with no care and support. Therefore, the ministry of health, the government, and the communities should continue collaborative work to prevent suicides. Developing the best and appropriate prevention methods among the patients to help prevent suicides. Also, people living with people affected by suicide should produce the best communication strategies by listening to the affected people and supporting them emotionally. Communities should create an action plan that helps cater to those affected by suicidal thoughts to reduce cases in a bottom-up strategy. Like the Muslim countries, other countries can also develop various systems and cultural activities that help to reduce the possibilities of suicides, especially among the youths. Multiple studies conducted reveal that parents should maintain a close relationship with their children, especially the girls who are easily depressed. Parent's guidance is very crucial in providing emotional support among their children. 6 References Arensman, E., Scott, V., De Leo, D., & Pirkis, J. (2020). Suicide and suicide prevention from a global perspective. Crisis. Arya, V., Page, A., River, J., Armstrong, G., & Mayer, P. (2018). Trends and socioeconomic determinants of suicide in India: 2001–2013. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 53(3), 269-278. Kim, K., & Zisook, S. (2021). Physician death by suicide in the United States: 2012– 2016. Journal of psychiatric research, 134, 158-165. Kral, M. J. (2019). The idea of suicide: Contagion, imitation, and cultural diffusion. Routledge. Martínez-Alés, G., Hernández-Calle, D., Khauli, N., & Keyes, K. M. (2020). Why are suicide rates increasing in the United States? Towards a multilevel reimagination of suicide prevention. Behavioral Neurobiology of Suicide and Self Harm, 1-23. Rassy, J., Bardon, C., Dargis, L., Côté, L. P., Corthésy-Blondin, L., Mörch, C. M., & Labelle, R. (2021). Information and Communication Technology Use in Suicide Prevention: Scoping Review. Journal of medical internet research, 23(5), e25288. Rezaeian, M. (2018). A critical look at the world health organization report for suicide prevention. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, 16(12), 1169-1174. Name: Description: ...
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