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ROAD SAFETY IN GEORGETOWN
TOPIC # 1
ROAD ACCIDENTS: CAUSES AND REMEDIES
UNIVERSITY OF GUYANA
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH, COHORT 4
STUDENT: DR. SHENEER DIONE REID
LECTURER: MISS S. ROSE
DUE DATE: 2018-04-21
TOTAL WORDS: 482
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1 | P a g e
The World Health Organization (WHO) underlined that Guyana ranks fourth place worldwide
where road deaths are concerned
1
. This contributes to a national public health concern,
especially when many road users view violation of the traffic regulations as a norm in society.
The main causes of road accidents in Guyana consist of speeding, drunk driving and distracted
driving (using hand-held devices while driving)
2
. A total of 25,690 persons were charged for
speeding in 2016, and another 26,792 persons in 2017
2
. With respect to DUI (driving under the
influence), there were an additional 2,589 individuals charged in 2016 and 2,401 in 2017
2
.
Furthermore, 1,623 were charged for using cell phones while driving in the year 2016, as
compared to the 1,501 persons in 2017
2
. There were also reports of many unlicensed or
unqualified drivers
2
, and some accidents were a result of infrastructural afflictions (such as pot
holes or poor road designs) and poor lighting of roadways at nights.
Reportedly, for the year 2016, there were 115 fatal road accidents that resulted in 126 deaths
2
.
However, by 2017, there was a decrease by 23% of fatal accidents and 17% of road deaths
2
,
because various measures were being executed to improve road safety for all road users in
Guyana
3
.
Particularly in Georgetown, to counteract speeding, there were installations and modifications
of speed bumps at numerous locations, such as William Street, Kitty, Alexander Village, Smith
and Hadfield Streets
3
. Road markings as well as speed-limit signs were established, chiefly along
the public roads
3
. Moreover, traffic lights were positioned at risky intersections, streets lights
were placed on dark routes and corners, and infrastructural glitches were remedied.
Likewise, the use of the breathalyzer test was implemented for persons guilty of DUI. In the event
where the test registers over the lawful limit (35 microgrammes of alcohol), the driver will be
fined a sum of GY$7,500.00 for first time violation
4
. If there is a second occasion of repeating the
offense, there is suspension of the driver’s license for one year
4
. If a third offense occurs, the
person loses his/ her license permanently
4
.
Additionally, penalties were enforced for using hand-held devices, such as cellular phones, while
driving
4
. Classes were also made available for persons to learn correct road usage and to legally
acquire their driver’s license. Similarly, manuals were made accessible in schools to educate
children about road safety, at an early age
3
.
Finally, it was observed that, especially during peak hours, Police Officers assist with the
monitoring of the heavy traffic flow, so as to minimize further traffic accidents.
Nevertheless, despite the above-mentioned rectifications to upkeep safe road culture, there are
some amount of breaches committed within the system that oppose the reputable traffic
legislations, where traffic offenses go unpunished and road users continue to disregard road
safety.
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References:
1. World Health Rankings: Live Longer, Live Better. Guyana. Road Traffic Accidents. Available
from http://www.worldlifeexpectancy.com/guyana-road-traffic-accidents [Accessed on
23
rd
March, 2018].
2. DPI. Guyana. GPF Traffic Department Records. Available from http://dpi.gov.gy/gpf-
traffic-dept-records-15-percent-decrease-in-accidents/ [Accessed on 23
rd
March, 2018]
3. DPI. Guyana. Road Safety is Everyone’s Business. Available from http://dpi.gov.gy/road-
safety-is-everyones-business-traffic-chief/ [Accessed on 30
th
March, 2018]
4. Learner Driver’s Theoretical Programme Study Package.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

ROAD SAFETY IN GEORGETOWN TOPIC # 1 ROAD ACCIDENTS: CAUSES AND REMEDIES UNIVERSITY OF GUYANA ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH, COHORT 4 STUDENT: DR. SHENEER DIONE REID LECTURER: MISS S. ROSE DUE DATE: 2018-04-21 TOTAL WORDS: 482 The World Health Organization (WHO) underlined that Guyana ranks fourth place worldwide where road deaths are concerned1. This contributes to a national public health concern, especially when many road users view violation of the traffic regulations as a norm in society. The main causes of road accidents in Guyana consist of speeding, drunk driving and distracted driving (using hand-held devices while driving)2. A total of 25,690 persons were charged for speeding in 2016, and another 26,792 persons in 20172. With respect to DUI (driving under the influence), there were an additional 2,589 individuals charged in 2016 and 2,401 in 2017 2. Furthermore, 1,623 were charged for using cell phones while driving in the year 2016, as compared to the 1,501 persons in 20172. There were also reports of many unlicensed or unqualified drivers2, and some accidents were a result of infrastructural afflictions (such as pot holes or poor road designs) and poor lighting of roadways at nights. Reportedly, for the year 2016, there were 115 fatal road accidents that resulted in 126 deaths2. However, by 2017, there was a decrease by 23% of fatal accidents and 17% of road deaths 2, because various measures were being executed to improve road safety for all road users in Guyana3. Particularly in Georgetown, to counteract speeding, there were installations and modifications of speed bumps at numerous locations, such as William Street, Kitty, Alexander Village, Smith and Hadfield Streets3. Road markings as well as speed-limit signs were established, chiefly along the public roads3. Moreover, traffic lights were positioned at risky intersections, streets lights were placed on dark routes and corners, and infrastructural glitches were remedied. Likewise, the use of the breathalyzer test was implemented for persons guilty of DUI. In the event where the test registers over the lawful limit (35 microgrammes of alcohol), the driver will be fined a sum of GY$7,500.00 for first time violation4. If there is a second occasion of repeating the offense, there is suspension of the driver’s license for one year4. If a third offense occurs, the person loses his/ her license permanently4. Additionally, penalties were enforced for using hand-held devices, such as cellular phones, while driving4. Classes were also made available for persons to learn correct road usage and to legally acquire their driver’s license. Similarly, manuals were made accessible in schools to educate children about road safety, at an early age3. Finally, it was observed that, especially during peak hours, Police Officers assist with the monitoring of the heavy traffic flow, so as to minimize further traffic accidents. Nevertheless, despite the above-mentioned rectifications to upkeep safe road culture, there are some amount of breaches committed within the system that oppose the reputable traffic legislations, where traffic offenses go unpunished and road users continue to disregard road safety. 1|Page References: 1. World Health Rankings: Live Longer, Live Better. Guyana. Road Traffic Accidents. Available from http://www.worldlifeexpectancy.com/guyana-road-traffic-accidents [Accessed on 23rd March, 2018]. 2. DPI. Guyana. GPF Traffic Department Records. Available from http://dpi.gov.gy/gpftraffic-dept-records-15-percent-decrease-in-accidents/ [Accessed on 23rd March, 2018] 3. DPI. Guyana. Road Safety is Everyone’s Business. Available from http://dpi.gov.gy/roadsafety-is-everyones-business-traffic-chief/ [Accessed on 30th March, 2018] 4. Learner Driver’s Theoretical Programme Study Package. 2|Page Name: Description: ...
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