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Firstly, with its leadership legitimacy based on the shaky pillars of economic performance,
Africa's abundance of natural resources in the form of oil and minerals is an absolute priority
for China's continued economic growth. Second, Africa is a growing market to which China
can export low-cost manufactured goods, as well as a long-term financial investment. Third,
China's development assistance to Africa is an effort to increase its soft power and influence
abroad by offering an alternative development model to the Washington Consensus and
securing the support of African states within international institutions. China's involvement in
Africa has generally been described as negative in terms of power asymmetry between the
economic behemoth and politically vulnerable African governments. Indeed, the terms neo-
colonialism and neo-imperialism have frequently been used to describe China's interest in
Africa (A’Zami, 2015).
• Relationship between Colonialism and Development
Colonialism is defined as long-term foreign control of a territory and its inhabitants.
Development (which is defined as the act of improving by expanding, enlarging, or refining
that territory) is currently underway within the territory that is under control.
China's African Policy is based on a mix of historical narratives, win-win relationships, and
South-South Solidarity discourse, all of which are underpinned by the Chinese Communist
Party's tenacity in advancing its core national interests under the national rhetoric of "Great
Rejuvenation." So china is using the Sino-African relations which are not new, and have been
prominently featured in Chinese foreign policy discourse as a continuous pattern of South-
South development cooperation and a shared identity with African people as a result of
imperialism and socioeconomic development struggles.
• Colonial Experience and Economic Development
Colonialism hampered the development of developing countries. Some colonial countries'
borders were drawn without regard for tribal and cultural differences, resulting in tensions
Factors of politics: Poor governance does not aid a country's development. Money that could
be used for development may instead be used to fund military weapons or an affluent lifestyle
for a small group of people.
Economic consideration: Foreign investment can aid a country's development. Foreign direct
investment in Africa is less than 5%. It is home to 15% of the world's population.