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SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
ACADEMIC SESSION 2021/2022
SEMESTER 1
COURSE CODE : BBC3283
COURSE NAME : DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
Movie/ Film Review
LECTURER’S NAME : Maria Aloysius
PREPARED BY: OUMANROU BARRY
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Metric: AIU19032062
SUBMISSION DATE: January 7, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………..3
DISCUSSION………………………………………………………………4-5
CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………….6
REFERENCE ………………………………………………………………..6
APPENDIX …………………………………………………………………...7
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Introduction
When China Met Africa is a 2010 documentary film using Nick Francis and Marc James
Francis. Set at the front line of China’s foray into Africa, it follows the lives of a Chinese
farmer, a road builder, and the Zambian trade minister.
When China Met Africa become an international co-manufacturing related to BBC Storyville,
Arte France, VPRO, the Sundance Institute, CNC, and the Media Fund, and produced by
Speakit Films and Zeta Productions. The film played at worldwide film gala's which include
Rotterdam Film Festival, Munich, Goteburg, and on the Margaret Mead Film Festival in New
York, in which it gained the price of the best film.
It was released in cinemas within the UK in 2011 and was visible on television round the sector.
When China Met Africa was characterised with the aid of The Guardian as 'an eye-commencing
documentary that places into concrete pictures that truism the geopolitical commentarial: that
China is a brand new financial superpower and The Times summarised it as 'A rare, grass-roots
view into one of the most vital financial economics of our time. The movie become additionally
covered through media stores which includes CNN, The Economist, and The Atlantic
(Swedlund, 2017).
A historic amassing of over 50 African heads of nation in Beijing reverberates in Zambia where
the lives of three characters spread. Mr. Liu is one of the lots of Chinese entrepreneurs who've
settled throughout the continent searching for new possibilities. He has just offered his fourth
farm and commercial enterprise is booming.
In northern Zambia, Mr. Li, a challenge supervisor for a multinational Chinese company is
upgrading Zambia's longest road. Pressure to complete the street on time intensifies whilst
funds from the Zambian government start strolling out.
Meanwhile, Zambia's Trade Minister Visit to China to relaxed thousands and thousands of
greenbacks of funding. Through the intimate portrayal of these characters, the expanding
footprint of a growing international energy is laid bare - pointing to a notably exclusive future,
no longer just for Africa, but also for the rest of the world (Halper, 2010).
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Discussions
Colonialism
The renewed engagement of China with African states and China’s growing assertiveness on
the global stage have spurred a polarising debate on the conceptualization of China’s
involvement in Africa within the wider academic literature. Indeed, the African coverage, as
part of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) foreign policy of the “Going Global Strategy”,
poses some serious questions about the position of China as a rising strength and its effects at
the cutting-edge worldwide system order- as a standing quo or revisionist energy. Traditionally,
China’s presence in Africa has been viewed as a colonizer.
Clearly, China's foreign policies exhibit colonialist tendencies with imperialistic undertones.
However, adhering to this viewpoint rigidly may harm African states' interests in the long run.
First, the ideological, political, and economic foundations of China's African policy should be
examined (Campbell, 2008).
Post-Colonialism
The CCP has pursued more aggressive foreign policies, raising legitimate concerns about
China's role in the international system as a revisionist or status quo power. The ideals of
China's "Great Rejuvenation" and the "Chinese Dream" are enshrined in Xi Jinping's
ideological drive for greater international ambitions. The "Chinese Dream" and "Great
Rejuvenation" concepts represent China's national effort to reclaim its rightful place as a great
power within the international system.
In fact, this international blueprint is critical for China's core national interests. The "Great
Rejuvenation" discourse serves critical functions such as domestic political legitimacy for the
CCP leadership, mobilisation of citizens around a cohesive national identity, and as a national
strategy goal advising foreign policy-making. As a result, understanding the links between
China's national and international policy strategies is critical to comprehending the country's
growing assertiveness in Africa. As a result, three motivations have driven Chinese investment
in Africa.
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Firstly, with its leadership legitimacy based on the shaky pillars of economic performance,
Africa's abundance of natural resources in the form of oil and minerals is an absolute priority
for China's continued economic growth. Second, Africa is a growing market to which China
can export low-cost manufactured goods, as well as a long-term financial investment. Third,
China's development assistance to Africa is an effort to increase its soft power and influence
abroad by offering an alternative development model to the Washington Consensus and
securing the support of African states within international institutions. China's involvement in
Africa has generally been described as negative in terms of power asymmetry between the
economic behemoth and politically vulnerable African governments. Indeed, the terms neo-
colonialism and neo-imperialism have frequently been used to describe China's interest in
Africa (A’Zami, 2015).
Relationship between Colonialism and Development
Colonialism is defined as long-term foreign control of a territory and its inhabitants.
Development (which is defined as the act of improving by expanding, enlarging, or refining
that territory) is currently underway within the territory that is under control.
China's African Policy is based on a mix of historical narratives, win-win relationships, and
South-South Solidarity discourse, all of which are underpinned by the Chinese Communist
Party's tenacity in advancing its core national interests under the national rhetoric of "Great
Rejuvenation." So china is using the Sino-African relations which are not new, and have been
prominently featured in Chinese foreign policy discourse as a continuous pattern of South-
South development cooperation and a shared identity with African people as a result of
imperialism and socioeconomic development struggles.
Colonial Experience and Economic Development
Colonialism hampered the development of developing countries. Some colonial countries'
borders were drawn without regard for tribal and cultural differences, resulting in tensions
and instability.
Factors of politics: Poor governance does not aid a country's development. Money that could
be used for development may instead be used to fund military weapons or an affluent lifestyle
for a small group of people.
Economic consideration: Foreign investment can aid a country's development. Foreign direct
investment in Africa is less than 5%. It is home to 15% of the world's population.
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Conclusion
When China Met Africa is a 2010 documentary film directed by Nick Francis and produced by
Marc James Francis. It follows the lives of a Chinese farmer, a road builder, and the Zambian
trade minister on the front lines of China's foray into Africa.
Beijing's unusual preference for bilateral agreements with other states is legitimately viewed
as a power struggle in which China maintains economic leverage over less powerful states.
China does exhibit some neo-colonial tendencies and has the potential to undermine the
sovereignty of African states. However, African states have had some degree of agency and
have benefited to some extent from economic and infrastructure development. Nonetheless,
China's increasing influence on the African continent appears unavoidable, and it is safe to
assume that China will always play the geopolitical game of maximising its own national
interests while defying other states. Regarding this China is acting like any other emerging
power would act.
Reference
A’Zami. (2015). China in Africa. Journal of International Studies, 724-734.
Campbell, H. (2008). China in Africa. Third World Quarterly, 89-105.
Halper, S. (2010). China’s Authoritarian Model Will Dominate the Twenty-First Century.
New York: Basic Books.
Swedlund, H. (2017). Is China Eroding the Bargaining Power of Traditional Donors in
Africa. International Affairs, 389-408.
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