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Topic: The creation of Bangladesh is one of the most
sensitive and tragic chapter in the history of Pakistan. What
do you know about these reasons?
For centuries, the area that is now Bangladesh was part of
the Bengal region of India. It was ruled by the same empires
that ruled central India, from the Maurya (321184 BCE) to
the Mughal (15261858 CE). When the British took control
of the region and created their Raj in India (18581947),
Bangladesh was included.
During the negotiations surrounding independence and the
partition of British India, predominantly Muslim Bangladesh
was separated from majority-Hindu India. In the Muslim
League's 1940 Lahore Resolution, one of the demands was
that the majority-Muslim sections of the Punjab and Bengal
would be included in Muslim states, rather than remaining
with India. After communal violence broke out in India, some
politicians suggested that a unified Bengali state would be a
better solution. This idea was vetoed by the Indian National
Congress, led by the Mahatma Gandhi.
At the end, when British India gained its independence in
August 1947, the Muslim section of Bengal became a non-
contiguous part of the new nation of Pakistan. It was called
"East Pakistan."
East Pakistan was in an odd position, separated from
Pakistan proper by a 1,000-mile stretch of India. It was also
divided from the main body of Pakistan by ethnicity and
language; Pakistanis are primarily Punjabi and Pashtun, as
opposed to the Bengali East Pakistanis.
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For 24 years, East Pakistan struggled under financial and
political neglect from West Pakistan. Political unrest was
endemic in the region, as military regimes repeatedly
overthrew democratically elected governments. Between
1958 and 1962, and from 1969 to 1971, East Pakistan was
under martial law.
In the parliamentary elections of 197071, East Pakistan's
separatist Awami League won every single seat allocated to
the East. Talks between the two Pakistans failed, and on
March 27, 1971, Sheikh Mujibar Rahman declared
Bangladeshi independence from Pakistan. The Pakistani
Army fought to stop the secession, but India sent troops to
support the Bangladeshis. On January 11, 1972,
Bangladesh became an independent parliamentary
democracy.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the first leader of Bangladesh,
from 1972 until his assassination in 1975. The current Prime
Minister, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, is his daughter. The political
situation in Bangladesh is still volatile and has included free
and fair elections, but recent persecution of political dissent
by the state raised concerns about how the 2018 elections
would go. The election held on December 30, 2018 returned
a landslide for the ruling party, but garnered several
episodes of violence against opposition leaders and
accusations of vote rigging.

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Topic: The creation of Bangladesh is one of the most sensitive and tragic chapter in the history of Pakistan. What do you know about these reasons? • For centuries, the area that is now Bangladesh was part of the Bengal region of India. It was ruled by the same empires that ruled central India, from the Maurya (321–184 BCE) to the Mughal (1526–1858 CE). When the British took control of the region and created their Raj in India (1858–1947), Bangladesh was included. • During the negotiations surrounding independence and the partition of British India, predominantly Muslim Bangladesh was separated from majority-Hindu India. In the Muslim League's 1940 Lahore Resolution, one of the demands was that the majority-Muslim sections of the Punjab and Bengal would be included in Muslim states, rather than remaining with India. After communal violence broke out in India, some politicians suggested that a unified Bengali state would be a better solution. This idea was vetoed by the Indian National Congress, led by the Mahatma Gandhi. • At the end, when British India gained its independence in August 1947, the Muslim section of Bengal became a noncontiguous part of the new nation of Pakistan. It was called "East Pakistan." • East Pakistan was in an odd position, separated from Pakistan proper by a 1,000-mile stretch of India. It was also divided from the main body of Pakistan by ethnicity and language; Pakistanis are primarily Punjabi and Pashtun, as opposed to the Bengali East Pakistanis. • For 24 years, East Pakistan struggled under financial and political neglect from West Pakistan. Political unrest was endemic in the region, as military regimes repeatedly overthrew democratically elected governments. Between 1958 and 1962, and from 1969 to 1971, East Pakistan was under martial law. • In the parliamentary elections of 1970–71, East Pakistan's separatist Awami League won every single seat allocated to the East. Talks between the two Pakistans failed, and on March 27, 1971, Sheikh Mujibar Rahman declared Bangladeshi independence from Pakistan. The Pakistani Army fought to stop the secession, but India sent troops to support the Bangladeshis. On January 11, 1972, Bangladesh became an independent parliamentary democracy. • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the first leader of Bangladesh, from 1972 until his assassination in 1975. The current Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, is his daughter. The political situation in Bangladesh is still volatile and has included free and fair elections, but recent persecution of political dissent by the state raised concerns about how the 2018 elections would go. The election held on December 30, 2018 returned a landslide for the ruling party, but garnered several episodes of violence against opposition leaders and accusations of vote rigging. Name: Description: ...
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