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United States Immigration Policy
The immigration debate is a delicate theme that has invoked a divided opinion amongst
individuals over America on the most proficient method to take care of the issues with the
current strategy. What's more, as indicated by our content, "All through every one of the debates,
the United States has considered itself to be a country of foreigners, and this characterizing
mental self-portrait has made creating powerful and enforceable migration law a confounded
business." (Theodoulou and Kofinis, 2012). With that being said, on one side of the policy
banter, you have the individuals who are supportive of migration who accept that movement
benefits the economic and social qualities of the country.
In contrast, those on the opposite side who are against immigration accept that
uncontrolled movement represents a critical financial issue and an impressive danger to public
safety. (Theodoulou and Kofinis, 2012). As such, exhaustive change of the migration policy has
gotten away from Congress for quite a long time, making choices be moved into the executive
and judicial arms of government while driving the discussion into the lobbies of state and
municipal governments. Lamentably or luckily relying upon where you remain on the issue, the
destinies of the assessed eleven million undocumented outsiders in the nation, just as future
principles for lawful movement, lie yet to be determined.
The immigration policy stipulates the various situations and measures by which one can
be allowed into the United States. In the United States, there are roughly about 34million legal
immigrants. After they have procured and passed the legal requirements, the more significant
part of them live and work there, alluded to as permanent residence, and yet, others simply get
temporary migration documents and incorporate students, workers, or just visitors.
Also, almost one million illegal immigrants are admitted temporarily to live in the United
States. This occurs through programs, such as deferred action for childhood arrivals and
temporary protected status. It has required countless years in the United States to imagine
recommendations to control the immigration program. These recommendations target moving
the immigration program from families' reunions and work grounded migration into a pointbased program that puts a need on accepting immigrants according to their particular learning
and professional experiences and tributes. Over the past few years, the recommendations have
acquired new contemplations(Gubernskaya and Dreby, 425).
Immigration policies are alluded to as the laws framed by the decision state to decide
people allowed to enter that particular country and the period they will remain. These laws also
administer the methodology of naturalization to people striving to acquire United States
citizenship. In any case, the passageway of foreign citizens who lack permits to the country,
overstaying, and losing their legal documents, the migration policies direct the detainment
process just as exclusion measures. Congress is allowed by the United States laws the enactment
option to exclude and control migration places. Laws, for example, the immigration and
nationality act (INA), can be followed in the United States code title.
Through the visa endorsement methodology, the majority of the foreigners apply to visit,
study, and work or become a resident of the United States. The official visas applied for by a
person to go to the U.S in order to be working there are regulated, relying upon the specific
proportions of a country. Non-migrant permits are utilized by travelers, researchers, business
people, and vacationers on a temporary premise.
The United States laws grant people from developed countries that are politically steady
and financially stable to visit the United States for about three months with no visa application.
This law is alluded to as the "visa waiver program." People visiting the United States for traveler
purposes utilize that framework. The visa waiver program limits those utilizing it from going to
learning establishments, getting work, or turning into a lasting resident. It is simply applicable to
37 nations globally. During the Trump administration, a policy was ordered that isolated the
children from the parent while crossing the border among U.S and Mexico. This law prompted a
high dissent in the U.S.
There is a prohibition of the public organizations in indorsing migration guidelines. The
majority of the public organization passed strategies and guidelines that request the local area
powers to investigate the suspected illegal immigrants, consequently bringing debates. The
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) examines the individuals who violate the law and
prosecutes wrongdoers. The Unites States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
handles the applications for lawful migration. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is
answerable for keeping the boundaries secure. These institutions are entrusted with the
organization and implementation of immigration approaches and are an arm of the homeland
Under Donald Trump's administration, United States immigration laws have changed.
Rebuilding the laws controlling the immigration frameworks was seen as the principal security
risk, which influenced the residents' chances of employment. The government officials had
named those progressions as promising in the country and get a positive change in terms of
safety and work. It was a test to the Trump government to deliver a directly decided
innovativeness that regulates migration. It involved several stakeholders like the lawmaking
body, courts, government, state, and local administrations in policymaking pronouncements.
Since Congress always shies from passing laws that decrease the registration of the number of
permanent residence in the U.S, it is challenging to create stringent laws (Schmidt, 101).
Approximately 804,793 people got United States durable residence in the 2016 financial
year. The framework allows the person who has families to get the green card for their families
like the spouse and children. Immigrants hailing from an overpopulated number of green card
applications typically delay for quite a while before getting the green cards since one country just
gets an estimated 7% of the green cards that are given yearly.
Under the Trump government, this arrangement had been revised and just allowed
underage children and spouses from being given a green card. Other more distant family
individuals are limited to acquire the green card through this program. Through the 'skills-based
program, just limited green card numbers will be given, and this bill was passed by the Senate
(Schmidt, 98). This kind of immigration is the most popular one that individuals use to get
United States citizenship. It is otherwise called chain migration. As of late, it adds up to around
70% of the people who visit the U.S on a yearly premise.
The United States individual supporting the visa and green card application goes through
a few determinations, background checks, meetings, and wellbeing assessments. The family
support needed to have achieved and surpass the age of 18 years who lives in the United States is
principally ordered to document a claim with the "U.S. citizenship and immigration services
(USCIS)" coordinated to their family (Fernando Chang-Muy et al., 417). Under this claim, the
authenticity of their issue is demonstrated and should achieve the required charges or costs. The
one supporting is moreover needed to sign a record with the states that he/she will be the one to
take the monetary obligations of those applying. The candidates go through various appraisals
that incorporate criminal records, individual childhood checking, and clinical assessments. This
office just investigates all applicants of the green card to find out that the person won't challenge
the community needing any help.
In the 2016 fiscal year, United States accepted about 84,995 refugees. In the 2017
financial year, this number diminished to 53716. The decrease reflects low admission rates.
When the point when Trump came into power, his first task to bring down the refugees'
immigration rates. He named this move the one to bring political, social, and financial, and
security solidness in the U.S. the U.S government has been conceding refugees who free their
individual nations because of wars, starvation, or infection episodes.
The U.S has for quite a while helped with characterizing the protection of refugees
utilizing the international humanitarian law. In the mid-1980s, the United States government
moved to a technique for recognizing displaced people utilizing a normalized program, vet and
resettle them. There has been precariousness in the size of the United States refugee program.
The assembled state approaches and 1951 refugee convention characterizes them as immigrants
who can show asserting about their detachment, or they have an inclination that they are going to
be isolated, grounded on faith, populace, ethnicity, administrative view, or association to a
Around 50000 people are every year applying and getting green cards utilizing the means
of the United States diversity visa program. This program is additionally alluded to as the visa
lottery. The program began in the year 1995 and has recorded various 1 million immigrants
utilizing it. Under the Trump presidency, there were attempts to eliminate the program since it
primarily admits people hailing from downplayed states. Under this arrangement and program,
the people hailing from nations, for example, Canada, Mexico, and China, are purported to have
a high number of legal immigrants, accordingly, can't meet the requirements to be admitted
utilizing this program.
The H-1B visa strategy allows employers to enlist foreigners at specific positions on a
transitory premise. This business needs the individual qualified for work to have proficient
abilities, and capabilities hands-on they are to be utilized to do. Nonetheless, the United States'
legitimate systems control the number of people employed through this program. This program
requires a person to have expert information and to likewise have a degree so that to be qualified
for affirmation. The employment experiences and abilities can be utilized to supplant the
educational qualifications needed for this program. The current approaches just allow about 8500
new applications yearly. This number is comprehensive of the complete number of candidates to
be utilized from the foreign nations in every specialization and is set at 65000. The rest of 20000
is given to the United States residents who have the United States educational program
For one to be qualified for professional employment in the U.S., the approach expresses
that he/she should possess a minimum prerequisite of a Bachelor's or more significant level or its
same. The degree necessary for the work is regular to the business, or the work is so intricate or
special that it tends to be performed exclusively by a person with a degree. The employers
ordinarily require a degree or its identical for the position. Furthermore, the idea of the particular
obligations is so specific and complex that the information needed to play out the obligations is
typically related to the achievement of an undergraduate degree or more significant level
The social society and family members are entrusted with supporting the immigrants in
things like food, urging them to begin a business. The novices are helped with understanding the
U.S esteems standards and organizations. The family members identified with the immigrants
ordinarily move to create support plans like contributing them credits and assets to begin a
The Economic Implications of Illegal Immigration in the U.S.
Despite the policy stating the grounds for admission into the united states, several people
find their way through the porous U.S. borders into the country. Others hide in the country after
their stipulated periods of stay have expired. Individuals who find themselves in the country are
a challenge to the governments as they compete for jobs with the citizens. Also, they are not
accounted for in the government budgets for health, education, and social services. This makes
them a burden to the government and the local communities.
While the migration policy isn't perfect and needs improvement, I think immigration is
something to be thankful for. This is the means by which our nation was established and based
on the backs of settlers. Individuals don't simply move under any circumstance, and frequently,
individuals needing to come to America do so in light of the fact that they accept they can
accomplish the pursuit of happiness. Individuals need to live where they and their families can
thrive and carry on with joyful life.
One change that has been carried out is more tight border security which serves to help
control the progression of illegal immigrants into the country while likewise forestalling
terrorism and improving our public safety. Another change that has been executed because of
9/11 is the Patriot Act. "The Patriot Act re-imagined the extent of those ineligible for
immigration, adjusted the rules by which a potential immigrant could be named a terrorist,
extended the government's dread controls over immigrants, and approved observation of foreign
students inside the United States, among different measures." (Theodoulou and Kofinis, 2012)
These two approaches influence me by considering the developing threats to our public
safety and individual wellbeing. More tight border security and the Patriot Act endeavor to keep
our country liberated from lawbreakers and terrorists. While not all immigrants, whether
legitimate or illegal, fall into those two classifications, we must have some method of
diminishing the likely threats in our own country.
In addition to being a solid segment force responsible for how the country and its
populace formed into what it has become today, the contribution of immigration has immensely
added a lot of the financial, political, and cultural means. Public administrations are responsible
for surveying, assessing, examining, evaluating, and managing public policy comparable to the
prevailing monetary conditions molded by illegal immigration.
The primary contention is that the immigrants, legal or illegal, help fill in the country's
labor force gaps by taking up the jobs Americans shy off from taking. The immigrants always
perform these jobs freely and openly. There has barely been a significant change in the wage rate
because most Americans don't compete with immigrant workers for occupations. So who is
influenced by illicit migrants who maintain sources of income that Americans would prefer not
to do? For example, the most influenced would be High school understudies who are without
diplomas. (Dixion et al., 25) expresses that "it is assessed that undocumented workers' lower
wages by around 3 to 8 percent for low-skill occupations." Besides, in the event that illegal
immigrants were to be considerably decreased, Americans would remain to make an extra $25 in
their week-by-week pay while seeking these positions.
Albeit the U.S. economy seems solid, there are significant low-wage occupations that are
being filled by illegal workers that add to a developing economy. America is a country that has
consistently portrayed a lot of its influence from people who come into the country and add to
the dynamism and abundance of the country. Unlawful migrants who have chosen for cause the
difficult and troublesome choice to go to the United States to have frequently been probably the
most useful residents of the nations they abandoned.
The illegal immigrants in low-skilled jobs are paid lower wages, which lower the cost of
production in the U.S. (Dixion et al., 25). The reduction in the cost of production can prompt
lower costs for the American buyer, particularly in ventures like construction, eateries, and
farming produce. Additionally, immigrants' income boosts the U.S. economy even though a part
of their income is remitted to their country through some type of installment. The immigrants
actually spend a lot of their earnings here in the U.S. Occupations are additionally saved
somehow or another by undocumented specialists. For instance, when firms give work for a
lower cost to illegal immigrants, it holds the firm back from having to put resources into new,
more mechanized intensely, and extending technologies that would keep their organizations
extensively less labor-intensive.
Undocumented immigrants will most occasionally utilize taxpayer-supported services as
much as the legal immigrants and naturalized residents. Since undocumented laborers gather
their wages mostly in cash, they don't make good on government taxes. For those that do settle
government taxes, their compensation is generally low, making their impact minute.
Some immigrants obtain fake data to apply and get the government benefits to which they
are not entitled. Thus, most people contend that the cost is significant to the government when
unlawful workers get advantages, such as food help programs, free instruction, government
assistance, and free medical services. These taxpayer-supported administrations are higher when
an illicit migrant's kid turns into a natural-born citizen in the United States since that youngster is
brought into the world here and acquires American citizenship. Therefore, reserve the privilege
to utilize these administrations offered by the government.
As expressed above, the greater part of undocumented laborers' net contribution is cycled
once again into the economy through their acquisitions and their low income, decreasing costs
for U.S. purchasers. Hence, one can infer that there can't be a conclusive answer with regards to
undocumented laborers having to a greater extent a positive or adverse consequence on the
economy in America. This issue has genuinely contended, and each exploration that is performed
unavoidably has some strategy for bias. The test is a genuine money-saving advantage study that
makes the undocumented movement condition a particularly disparate issue, with no
unmistakable end in view.
The United States policies on immigration generally oppose that the U.S has acquired
plenty of advantages because of permitting huge quantities of foreigners to their country,
researchers, experienced staff, and the rest who obtain visas to remain there for a temporary
basis. The current policies give an admonition expressing that the United States' failure to create
and uphold a functional arrangement of immigration laws takes steps to subvert these
Dixon, Peter B., Martin Johnson, and Maureen T. Rimmer. "Economy‐wide effects of reducing
illegal immigrants in U.S. employment." Contemporary Economic Policy 29.1 (2011):
Fernando Chang-Muy, J. D., and Elaine P. Congress, eds.Social work with immigrants and
refugees: Legal issues, clinical skills, and advocacy. Springer Publishing Company, 2015.
Gubernskaya, Zoya, and Joanna Dreby. "U.S. immigration policy and the case for family
unity." J. on Migration & Hum. Sec. 5 (2017): 417
Gubernskaya, Zoya, and Joanna Dreby. "U.S. immigration policy and the case for family
unity." Journal on Migration and Human Security 5.2 (2017): 417-430.
Schmidt, Paul Wickham. "An overview and critique of U.S. immigration and asylum policies in
the Trump era." Journal on Migration and Human Security 7.3 (2019): 92-102.
Theodoulou, Stella Z., and C. Kofinis. "Policy Change and Termination." Public Policy: The
Essential Readings Second Edition. Boston: PEARSON (2012): 348-356.