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SEMSTER AUTUMN 2020
PROGRAM M.A (T.EDU)
ROLL NO CA543152
NAME MEHREEN KANWAL
COURSE CODE 6511
COURSE TITLE TEACHING OF PAKISTAN STUDIES
QUESTION NO 1:
Discuss different activities which make socialized recitation method effective highlight the
role of a teacher in this method?
SOCIALIZED RECITATION
The concept of socialized recitation:
The socialized recitation is often designated as a method. In reality it is an ideal rather
than a procedure, but as an ideal it has had great influences in promoting better
relationships among students. It was designated to eliminate the formal and restricted
environment of the classroom and to substitute it with a sense of freedom, naturalness
and openness. Other basic concepts which the socialized recitation combines are the
emerging trend moving from teacher activity and discussion towards pupil’s activity and
self direction. Qualities or traits like cooperativeness, open-mindedness, and concern for
the common good are developed. Providing an opportunity to students to learn how to
adjust to social situations and develop the ability to accommodate, to communicate, to
evaluate and analyze their contribution and reasons in the light of ideas presented by
others. Finally, the underlying ideas of the socialized procedures are to develop reflecting
thinking and deeper understanding of knowledge, gained in a discussion or an activity.
Objectives of Socialized Recitation:
The following are the objectives of socialized recitation:
a. To promote better relationships among students and between teacher and
students.
b. To eliminate the formal, restricted and routinized environment of the classroom
and substitute it with open and natural teaching learning situation.
c. To liberalize the school control.
d. To provide multifarious types of activities to students
e. To increase activities on the part of pupils because pupils learn by doing and by
active participation.
f. To teach pupils to work together in a friendly and cooperative manner. Trust to
develop social consciousness.
g. To develop sense of responsibility in pupils.
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h. To reduce the amount of formality and establish a friendly feeling between teacher
and students.
i. To develop self confidence among students.
j. To develop in individual the capacity for clear thinking, planning and reporting.
k. To prepare pupils, for practical life.
l. To keep students develop-their natural interest.
m. To make the subject matter useful.
n. To enable the students realize their own potentialities while doing practical
activities.
o. To enable the students realize their own weaknesses and limitations and to
overcome them in future
Advantages of Socialized Recitation
The following are the advantages of socialized recitation:
a. Pupils will learn how to plan and execute activities.
b. Common interest and purposes are discovered.
c. Leadership qualities are gained.
d. Initiative is encouraged.
e. Independence of thought is achieved.
f. Students develop good social manners.
g. Students are trained how to plan and report.
h. Students learn how to participate in discussion.
i. Students exposed to variety of experiences.
j. Self confidence is gained.
k. Respect for other is developed.
l. Cooperation is learned.
m. Pupils have greater admiration and respect for teachers.
n. Teacher knows pupil better.
o. Learning is highly motivated.
Types of activities to be carried out in Socialized Recitation
Hundreds of activities can be carried out in the socialized recitation.
Some common natures are listed below;
a. Planning and executing projects.
b. Planning assignments.
c. Problem solving.
d. Writing reports.
e. Hearing reports.
f. Holding a convention.
g. Writing a constitution.
h. Making a survey.
i. Conducting survey for a plan
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j. Having review games.
k. Holding contest.
l. Holding to debate.
m. Holding a seminar.
n. Holding a symposium.
o. Arranging panel discussion.
p. Arranging self directed study.
The Role of the Teacher in Socialized Recitation.
The role of the teacher in socialized recitation is central. He is at the same time a
counsellor, a guide, a contributor and advisor. He can perform his functions only if he is
familiar with the social experiences, family background and attitudes of the pupils, who
are involved in various activities. He has to conduct activities in the class in cooperative
spirit. He has plan a series of situations in which the needs for cooperative activity will
arise, it is he who has to develop in pupil’s attitudes, interests, ideals, information, skills
and habits necessary for successful participation in socialized activities. He gives
opportunities to pupils to feel that they are members of a “cooperative working group”
and, therefore, they should behave in free, independent and responsible manners.
Limitations of Socialized Recitation
If the situations in socialized techniques in not skilfully handled, if the discussion for
example, is so vague, directionless, and informal that it may drift into confusion and
chaos, if an activity is not planned and organized properly and the social spirit it
stimulates is superficial and artificial, in fact, these are not the disadvantages of the
technique but these are the limitations which arise from an ineffective organization and
inefficiency managing the activities by teachers, who do not possess the requisite
qualities of successful and imaginative leaders.
QUESTION 2:
Explain the role of Pakistan studies teacher in national integration. What measures
should be taken for their continuous professional development?
ANSWER:
The concept of national integration:
National integration can be simply defined to look for unity in diversity, to care for unity in
diversity and to promote such unity in diversity. This diversity is of various colour,
religious, social, economic, cultural and environmental. A sorry state of Pakistan is that it
suffers from socio-economic disparities in the regions, if not arrested, may weaken the
fabric of a unified Pakistani society. The role of education is to bridge the gaps and
imbalances that exist in the society on one hand, and to strengthen the bond among the
communities of various socio-economic, cultural and geographical background, on the
other. The teaching of Pakistan studies is hoped to make aware and understand students
of such inherent unity of their society. The teacher of Pakistan Studies can play effective
role in bringing about social and cultural integration on his classroom platform. His role in
this regard can be visualized in three-fold fashion.
a) He,She is required first to understand the concept of integration his/her self.
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b) He /she make aware children of all the factors and force leading to integration or
otherwise and how integration could be brought about.
c) He /she would translate the idea of integration in to practical activities so that children
could develop skills, and attitude and utilize them in their in practical life situation in
future. Such three dimensional role of the teacher of Pakistan studies, has been
highlighted in the following section.
Values, Concepts, Ideals Attributed to National Integration:
Education policies, commission reports and other important educational document
are full of the values concepts and ideals expressed from time to time for projecting
the need and urge to bring about social integration cultural cohesion through
education. The curriculum and the teacher are the effective instruments for the
achievement of such goals. These values and ideals are just listed in this section so
that one could understand their nature and scope and related them to his/her own
specific situation.
These are
a) Preservation, promotion and practice of the basic ideology of Pakistan.
b) Social justice
c) Equality
d) Democratic way of life
e) Social responsibility
f) Commitment
g) Universal equalitarianism
h) Cultural harmony
i) Orderly evolution of democratic society
j) Social integration
k) Peaceful co-existence
l) Educated citizenry
m) Imaginative and creative leadership
n) National unity and progress
o) Academic freedom and autonomy
p) Eradication of illiteracy
q) Checking population explosion
r) Equalizing access to education
s) Participation of teachers in community affair
t) Involving children under the guidance of teachers in community affairs.
u) Comprehending the nature and the impact on social life of such rapid social and
technological changes in the modern society.
TRANSLATING VALUES AND IDEAS INTO GOALS OF EDUCATION:
How the above values, concept and ideals have been translated in to goals with special
reference to the teaching of Pakistan and with particular intent to highlight the concept of
national integration to be brought about under this guiding basic concept are briefly state.
Let us start with a few lines from a historic message of the father of nation to deliver to
the first education conference November 1947.The message reads.
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“At the same time we have to build up the character of our future generation. We should
try by sound education to instil into them the highest sense of honour, dignity,
responsibility and selfless service to the nation.”
The goals which are briefly stated here are divided into four sub-section; cultural, social
individual and international.
A).Cultural:
a) To promote understanding and appreciation of the fundamentals of Islam.
b) To transmit the human heritage and advance the frontier of knowledge.
c) To promote understanding and appreciation of the role of education in
socioeconomic development of nation.
B) Social;
a) To build up national cohesion by fostering social and cultural harmony.
b) To inculcate patriotism and commitment to the achievement of national goals
scientific technological and social development.
c) To promote social justice and democratic institution and eliminate social problems,
evil like ignorance poverty frame work of basic ideology.
C).Individual:
a. To nurture the total personality of the individual
b. To inculcate a spirit of critical and creative thinking, self-reliance cooperation,
dignity, integrity, responsibility and dynamism.
c. To prepare the youth of Pakistan for gainful employment in accordance with their
aptitude and interest.*
D) International:
a) To promote international understanding and good will. After discussing the
selected goals, now the question arises.
b) Does the Pakistan Studies teacher understand the underlying spirit of these
goals?
c) Does he/she know which goals are mostly related to the teaching of his/her
subject?
d) Does he/she know how to relate them to the concept of his/her own subject
he/she is assigned to teach?
e) Does he/she know the strategies to transmit such concepts into practical
activities?
f) Is the teacher critical about the critical issues facing the society and can create
sensitivity among the students about them and most importantly to make them
aware of their repercussions on national unity and integration?
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QUESTION NO 3:
Discuss the role of Pakistan studies teacher in social integration. Elaborate your
response with example
.
Answer:
Education is a vital for human and economic development:
Education is a vital for human and economic development and is influenced by the
environment which it exists. Change is technology, labour market patterns and
general global environment, all required policy responses. Traditions, culture and
faith all reflect upon the education system and at the same time are also affected
by them. The element f continuity and change remains perpetual and it is up to the
society to determine its pace and direction.
We are living in an inquiring and innovation-oriented society. The demand of
twenty first century is novelty, creativity, and integration of knowledge at global
level, research critical and analytical thoughts. Rapidly social changes are creating
uncertainty and complexity in the society. To prepare the children and youth to
cope with the present situation needs to develop analytical and critical thinking,
skills and attitude they would make them more flexible and innovative to deal with
uncertainty and crises at national and global level.
The greatest need of the hour is to re design curriculum, textbooks, teaching
methodology and children’s literature, formal and non formal educational systems.
It has been demonstrated by researcher that active learning (questioning and
investigate the nature of topic) develop creativity and stimulate for learning.
Cultural values:
Cultural values of the majority of Pakistanis are derived from Islam. Since an
education system reflects and strengthens social, cultural and moral values,
therefore, Pakistan’s educational interventions have to be based on the core
values of religion and faith.
Curriculum plays
Curriculum plays crucial role in national integration and harmony. Curriculum role
as observed in the.
National Education Policy
National Education Policy (1979) should aim enable the learners to learn
knowledge, develop conceptual and intellectual skills, attitudes, values and
aptitudes conductive to the all around development of their personality and
proportionate with the societal, economic and environmental realities at national
and international level.
Whitehead (1962) says:
‘‘ culture is the activity of thought, and receptiveness
to beauty and humane feeling ’’
A child is human being is embryo, a man to be and we are responsible to the
future for him. It is considered that a child learns 90 percent of his personality by
his nurturing.
It is perhaps easier to educate a child in beginning than re-educated him when he
has already formed. Therefore books, for children are not simply a source of
entertainment rather inculcate intelligence and values. In Russia, America and
Japan children’s literature is considered a great cultural and educational
phenomenon, and creation of books for children is responsibility of the state. The
manifest and latent functions of children’s literature to transmit knowledge, myth,
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more, values, folkways, legendry personalities, superstitions and beliefs which are
integral part of a culture.
Textbook are the most widely used as a teaching tool which represent our national
culture. Textbooks reveal our values, cultures, and ideology of a nation. A good
textbook can be a ‘‘teacher in print’’, and sometime even superior to an average
teacher. In fact they are influence towards national integration by sharing common
national culture. The selection, organization and presentation of subject matter in
textbooks show philosophy, integrity, values and intellectual thoughts of a nation.
Questioning methodology is a power tool to built analytical and critical skills in
pupils. In the world of knowledge the emphasis has not to be merely mastery to
extant the knowledge but on the acquisitions of capacity to think and analyze facts
logically and conclude its own. Teachers must adopt such teaching methodology
by which student must learn how to discard old ideas. And replace them with
modify ideas.
As Toffler once said:
‘‘learn how to learn’’
School of the future will be designed not only for ‘‘learning’’ but for ‘‘thinking’’.
More and more insistently, today’s school and colleges are being asked to
produce men and women who can think, who can make new scientific discoveries,
who can find more adequate solution to impelling world problems, who cannot be
brainwashed, men and women who can adapt to change and maintain sanity in
this age of acceleration. This is creative challenge to education.
THE END

Unformatted Attachment Preview

SEMSTER PROGRAM ROLL NO NAME COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE AUTUMN 2020 M.A (T.EDU) CA543152 MEHREEN KANWAL 6511 TEACHING OF PAKISTAN STUDIES QUESTION NO 1: Discuss different activities which make socialized recitation method effective highlight the role of a teacher in this method? SOCIALIZED RECITATION The concept of socialized recitation: The socialized recitation is often designated as a method. In reality it is an ideal rather than a procedure, but as an ideal it has had great influences in promoting better relationships among students. It was designated to eliminate the formal and restricted environment of the classroom and to substitute it with a sense of freedom, naturalness and openness. Other basic concepts which the socialized recitation combines are the emerging trend moving from teacher activity and discussion towards pupil’s activity and self direction. Qualities or traits like cooperativeness, open-mindedness, and concern for the common good are developed. Providing an opportunity to students to learn how to adjust to social situations and develop the ability to accommodate, to communicate, to evaluate and analyze their contribution and reasons in the light of ideas presented by others. Finally, the underlying ideas of the socialized procedures are to develop reflecting thinking and deeper understanding of knowledge, gained in a discussion or an activity. Objectives of Socialized Recitation: The following are the objectives of socialized recitation: a. To promote better relationships among students and between teacher and students. b. To eliminate the formal, restricted and routinized environment of the classroom and substitute it with open and natural teaching learning situation. c. To liberalize the school control. d. To provide multifarious types of activities to students e. To increase activities on the part of pupils because pupils learn by doing and by active participation. f. To teach pupils to work together in a friendly and cooperative manner. Trust to develop social consciousness. g. To develop sense of responsibility in pupils. h. To reduce the amount of formality and establish a friendly feeling between teacher and students. i. To develop self confidence among students. j. To develop in individual the capacity for clear thinking, planning and reporting. k. To prepare pupils, for practical life. l. To keep students develop-their natural interest. m. To make the subject matter useful. n. To enable the students realize their own potentialities while doing practical activities. o. To enable the students realize their own weaknesses and limitations and to overcome them in future Advantages of Socialized Recitation The following are the advantages of socialized recitation: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. Pupils will learn how to plan and execute activities. Common interest and purposes are discovered. Leadership qualities are gained. Initiative is encouraged. Independence of thought is achieved. Students develop good social manners. Students are trained how to plan and report. Students learn how to participate in discussion. Students exposed to variety of experiences. Self confidence is gained. Respect for other is developed. Cooperation is learned. Pupils have greater admiration and respect for teachers. Teacher knows pupil better. Learning is highly motivated. Types of activities to be carried out in Socialized Recitation Hundreds of activities can be carried out in the socialized recitation. Some common natures are listed below; a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. Planning and executing projects. Planning assignments. Problem solving. Writing reports. Hearing reports. Holding a convention. Writing a constitution. Making a survey. Conducting survey for a plan j. k. l. m. n. o. p. Having review games. Holding contest. Holding to debate. Holding a seminar. Holding a symposium. Arranging panel discussion. Arranging self directed study. The Role of the Teacher in Socialized Recitation. The role of the teacher in socialized recitation is central. He is at the same time a counsellor, a guide, a contributor and advisor. He can perform his functions only if he is familiar with the social experiences, family background and attitudes of the pupils, who are involved in various activities. He has to conduct activities in the class in cooperative spirit. He has plan a series of situations in which the needs for cooperative activity will arise, it is he who has to develop in pupil’s attitudes, interests, ideals, information, skills and habits necessary for successful participation in socialized activities. He gives opportunities to pupils to feel that they are members of a “cooperative working group” and, therefore, they should behave in free, independent and responsible manners. Limitations of Socialized Recitation If the situations in socialized techniques in not skilfully handled, if the discussion for example, is so vague, directionless, and informal that it may drift into confusion and chaos, if an activity is not planned and organized properly and the social spirit it stimulates is superficial and artificial, in fact, these are not the disadvantages of the technique but these are the limitations which arise from an ineffective organization and inefficiency managing the activities by teachers, who do not possess the requisite qualities of successful and imaginative leaders. QUESTION 2: Explain the role of Pakistan studies teacher in national integration. What measures should be taken for their continuous professional development? ANSWER: The concept of national integration: National integration can be simply defined to look for unity in diversity, to care for unity in diversity and to promote such unity in diversity. This diversity is of various colour, religious, social, economic, cultural and environmental. A sorry state of Pakistan is that it suffers from socio-economic disparities in the regions, if not arrested, may weaken the fabric of a unified Pakistani society. The role of education is to bridge the gaps and imbalances that exist in the society on one hand, and to strengthen the bond among the communities of various socio-economic, cultural and geographical background, on the other. The teaching of Pakistan studies is hoped to make aware and understand students of such inherent unity of their society. The teacher of Pakistan Studies can play effective role in bringing about social and cultural integration on his classroom platform. His role in this regard can be visualized in three-fold fashion. a) He,She is required first to understand the concept of integration his/her self. b) He /she make aware children of all the factors and force leading to integration or otherwise and how integration could be brought about. c) He /she would translate the idea of integration in to practical activities so that children could develop skills, and attitude and utilize them in their in practical life situation in future. Such three dimensional role of the teacher of Pakistan studies, has been highlighted in the following section. Values, Concepts, Ideals Attributed to National Integration: Education policies, commission reports and other important educational document are full of the values concepts and ideals expressed from time to time for projecting the need and urge to bring about social integration cultural cohesion through education. The curriculum and the teacher are the effective instruments for the achievement of such goals. These values and ideals are just listed in this section so that one could understand their nature and scope and related them to his/her own specific situation. These are a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) t) u) Preservation, promotion and practice of the basic ideology of− Pakistan. Social justice Equality Democratic way of life Social responsibility Commitment Universal equalitarianism Cultural harmony Orderly evolution of democratic society Social integration Peaceful co-existence Educated citizenry Imaginative and creative leadership National unity and progress Academic freedom and autonomy Eradication of illiteracy Checking population explosion Equalizing access to education Participation of teachers in community affair Involving children under the guidance of teachers in community affairs. Comprehending the nature and the impact on social life of such rapid social and technological changes in the modern society. TRANSLATING VALUES AND IDEAS INTO GOALS OF EDUCATION: How the above values, concept and ideals have been translated in to goals with special reference to the teaching of Pakistan and with particular intent to highlight the concept of national integration to be brought about under this guiding basic concept are briefly state. Let us start with a few lines from a historic message of the father of nation to deliver to the first education conference November 1947.The message reads. “At the same time we have to build up the character of our future generation. We should try by sound education to instil into them the highest sense of honour, dignity, responsibility and selfless service to the nation.” The goals which are briefly stated here are divided into four sub-section; cultural, social individual and international. A).Cultural: a) To promote understanding and appreciation of the fundamentals of Islam. b) To transmit the human heritage and advance the frontier of knowledge. c) To promote understanding and appreciation of the role of education in socioeconomic development of nation. B) Social; a) To build up national cohesion by fostering social and cultural harmony. b) To inculcate patriotism and commitment to the achievement of national goals scientific technological and social development. c) To promote social justice and democratic institution and eliminate social problems, evil like ignorance poverty frame work of basic ideology. C).Individual: a. To nurture the total personality of the individual b. To inculcate a spirit of critical and creative thinking, self-reliance cooperation, dignity, integrity, responsibility and dynamism. c. To prepare the youth of Pakistan for gainful employment in accordance with their aptitude and interest.* D) International: a) To promote international understanding and good will. After discussing the selected goals, now the question arises. b) Does the Pakistan Studies teacher understand the underlying spirit of these goals? c) Does he/she know which goals are mostly related to the teaching of his/her subject? d) Does he/she know how to relate them to the concept of his/her own subject he/she is assigned to teach? e) Does he/she know the strategies to transmit such concepts into practical activities? f) Is the teacher critical about the critical issues facing the society and can create sensitivity among the students about them and most importantly to make them aware of their repercussions on national unity and integration? QUESTION NO 3: Discuss the role of Pakistan studies teacher in social integration. Elaborate your response with example . Answer: Education is a vital for human and economic development: Education is a vital for human and economic development and is influenced by the environment which it exists. Change is technology, labour market patterns and general global environment, all required policy responses. Traditions, culture and faith all reflect upon the education system and at the same time are also affected by them. The element f continuity and change remains perpetual and it is up to the society to determine its pace and direction. We are living in an inquiring and innovation-oriented society. The demand of twenty first century is novelty, creativity, and integration of knowledge at global level, research critical and analytical thoughts. Rapidly social changes are creating uncertainty and complexity in the society. To prepare the children and youth to cope with the present situation needs to develop analytical and critical thinking, skills and attitude they would make them more flexible and innovative to deal with uncertainty and crises at national and global level. The greatest need of the hour is to re design curriculum, textbooks, teaching methodology and children’s literature, formal and non formal educational systems. It has been demonstrated by researcher that active learning (questioning and investigate the nature of topic) develop creativity and stimulate for learning. Cultural values: Cultural values of the majority of Pakistanis are derived from Islam. Since an education system reflects and strengthens social, cultural and moral values, therefore, Pakistan’s educational interventions have to be based on the core values of religion and faith. Curriculum plays Curriculum plays crucial role in national integration and harmony. Curriculum role as observed in the. National Education Policy National Education Policy (1979) should aim enable the learners to learn knowledge, develop conceptual and intellectual skills, attitudes, values and aptitudes conductive to the all around development of their personality and proportionate with the societal, economic and environmental realities at national and international level. Whitehead (1962) says: ‘‘ culture is the activity of thought, and receptiveness to beauty and humane feeling ’’ A child is human being is embryo, a man to be and we are responsible to the future for him. It is considered that a child learns 90 percent of his personality by his nurturing. It is perhaps easier to educate a child in beginning than re-educated him when he has already formed. Therefore books, for children are not simply a source of entertainment rather inculcate intelligence and values. In Russia, America and Japan children’s literature is considered a great cultural and educational phenomenon, and creation of books for children is responsibility of the state. The manifest and latent functions of children’s literature to transmit knowledge, myth, more, values, folkways, legendry personalities, superstitions and beliefs which are integral part of a culture. Textbook are the most widely used as a teaching tool which represent our national culture. Textbooks reveal our values, cultures, and ideology of a nation. A good textbook can be a ‘‘teacher in print’’, and sometime even superior to an average teacher. In fact they are influence towards national integration by sharing common national culture. The selection, organization and presentation of subject matter in textbooks show philosophy, integrity, values and intellectual thoughts of a nation. Questioning methodology is a power tool to built analytical and critical skills in pupils. In the world of knowledge the emphasis has not to be merely mastery to extant the knowledge but on the acquisitions of capacity to think and analyze facts logically and conclude its own. Teachers must adopt such teaching methodology by which student must learn how to discard old ideas. And replace them with modify ideas. As Toffler once said: ‘‘learn how to learn’’ School of the future will be designed not only for ‘‘learning’’ but for ‘‘thinking’’. More and more insistently, today’s school and colleges are being asked to produce men and women who can think, who can make new scientific discoveries, who can find more adequate solution to impelling world problems, who cannot be brainwashed, men and women who can adapt to change and maintain sanity in this age of acceleration. This is creative challenge to education. THE END Name: Description: ...
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