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HUM 130
Axia College Material
Appendix H
Monotheistic Religion Elements Matrix
Judaism
Christianity
Islam
Countries of
origin
Jerusalem
Palestine
Arabia
Historical
figures and
events
Figures: Abraham and Sarah;
Adam and Eve; Moses; God;
Jacob/Israel; David (King of
Israel); Solomon (son of David);
King Hoshea; King
Nebuchadnezzar; Judah;
Hasmon family of Priests.
Events: Moses leads the Israeli
people away from Egyptian
bondage; David becomes the
king of Israel and Judah; King
Solomon builds a temple in
Jerusalem; The temple is
destroyed and later rebuilt; Ezra
the Scribe reads the Torah
(teaching for prophets) to the
public; The Romans take over
Figures: Jesus; His followers:
Matthew, Mark, Luke & John;
Paul, an early organizer. King
David and Abraham, early
ancestors of Jesus; Moses;
Mary, Jesus’ mother; Joseph,
married to Mary; Pontius Pilate,
ordered Jesus’ death
Events: Immaculate conception
of Mary; Birth of Jesus; The
Burning Bush; Deliverance of the
10
th
Commandments; Parting of
the Red Sea; Turning Water to
Wine; The Crucifixion; The
Ressurection.
Figures: Abraham & Sarah;
Hagar (Egyptian slave); Ishmael
(Abraham & Hagar’s son); Isaac
(Abraham & Sarah’s son);
Muhammad (a prophet who was
God’s messenger); Allah (the
Muslim God); Abu Bakr.
Events: Birth of Muhammad;
God revealed the Quran to
Muhammad; Death of
Muhammad; Election of Abu
Bakr as first caliph; al Hallaj
killed; Salah-al-Din recaptures
Jerusalem from Crusaders;
Spanish Inquisition; Muslims fall
under European control; Muslim
resurgence occurs; Muslim
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Jerusalem; Babylonian Talmud
(documented laws) completed;
Inquisition begins; The
enlightenment in Europe; Jews
migrate to North America; The
Holocaust; Dead sea scrolls are
found; Six day war. Creation;
The Great Flood; Tower of
Babel; The Ten Commandments
given to Moses on Mt. Sinai;
terrorists attack the United
States.
Central beliefs
Monotheism (one God/one
Creator of all existence); The
essential commandment is to
love God; Humans are created in
the image of God; Mirror God’s
qualities, such as wisdom, love,
justice, and righteousness;
People are created equal and
are the descendants of Adam
and Eve; God gave humans free
will; If one is suffering, they
should examine their own deeds;
God has given them written laws
and commandments in the
Torah; God rewards the faithful
and righteous and will punish the
unjust.
The scriptures of the Holy Bible
are the word of God; Mary, the
virgin, gave birth to a baby,
Jesus; Christians believe in one
God, the Father and Creator of
everything; They believe that
Jesus was crucified for their sake
(cost of their sins) and was
resurrected from the dead three
days later. They believe that
Jesus was God in one form and
Jesus in the human form. They
believe the Father, the Son, and
the Holy Ghost are one of the
same. They believe that He will
come again from heaven and
judge the living and the dead.
They believe some (God’s
people)will go to heaven to
spend eternity in God’s kingdom
“Islam calls for complete
acceptance of the teachings and
guidance of God. A Muslim is
one who freely and willingly
accepts the supreme power of
God and strives to organize his
life in total accord with the
teachings of God. He also works
for building social institutions
which reflect the guidance of
God.” (Axia, 2008). Every
though and action of a Muslim
should come from God. They
believe in unity with God.
Shahadah No God but God;
Islam honors many prophets as
messengers of God (Allah); They
believe God is all knowing and
that everything happens
according to his plan; They
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HUM 130
and the others will go to Hell.
They also believe that baptism is
the forgiveness of one’s sins.
should not worship any other
God other than Allah, nor objects
of nature, etc. They believe in
angels that assist God; They
believe that the dead will be
resurrected from their graves to
be held accountable for their
actions. At that time, the earth
will end. They believe in hell for
sinners, non-believers,
hypocrites, etc. and believe that
followers will go to a Garden of
Bliss;
Nature of God
One God who is the Creator of
all existence.
There is only one true God and
he is the Creator of all existence.
The Father, the Son, and the
Holy Ghost are one of the same.
Jesus is the incarnation of God.
Muslims are monotheistic. They
believe in only one God and he
is the creator of everything. His
name is Allah. Muhammad is his
messenger and the last of the
prophets.
Texts
Dead Sea Scrolls; Torah
(teachings/sacred Jewish
literature); Tanakh (The Old
Testament); Talmud (laws);
Pentateuch (five books of
Moses); The Ten
Commandments (stone tablets).
The primary text for Christians is
the Holy Bible this is thought to
be the divine word of God.
The Quran. The Quran contains
the revelations given to
Muhammad by God/Allah.
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HUM 130
Ritual and
practice
Daily scriptural study; Boys are
taught how to read and write
ancient Hebrew; Jews are to
remember God in everything
they do, through prayer and
observance of the Ten
Commandments; Boys are
circumcised at eight years old;
Women are considered unclean
during their menstrual periods
and seven days after and are not
allowed to have sex during that
time; After their periods, Jewish
women are to clean in a mitkva
(special deep bathing structure);
Marital sex is sacred; The
Sabbath (sunset Friday night to
sunset Saturday night) is
considered a holy time for having
sex; Adultery is forbidden and
considered one of the worst sins;
What they eat is of cosmic
significance and must be kosher;
They should begin their day with
prayer before opening their eyes;
Prayers are recited on walking
and bedtime; “three prayer
services are chanted daily in a
synagogue by men if there is a
minyan (quorum of ten). Women
can say them also, but they are
Christians are to make an inner
attempt to become more like
Christ; Christians attend public
worship services that traditionally
on Sunday and take place in a
church or sacred location;
Christians practice prayer,
fasting, and devotions to Mary
and the saints; Roman Catholic
and Eastern Orthodox Churches
observe seven sacraments:
baptism (initiation and symbolic
purification from sin by water),
confirmation (of membership in
the Church), eucharist (the ritual
meal described below), penance
(confession and absolution of
sins), extreme unction (anointing
of the sick with oil, especially
before death), holy orders
(consecration as a deacon,
priest, or bishop), and
matrimony.” (Axia, 2008); Taking
of sacred bread and wine as part
of communion; singing and
praising takes place in most
Christian churches; Christmas,
Epiphany, and Easter are among
the Christian holidays.
The Five Pillars of Jihad:
Belief & Witness
Daily Prayers
Zakat
Fasting
Hajj
They are to tell others of Muslim
faith; They are to pray five times
a day, reciting prayers and
passages from the Quran while
facing Mecca; They are to
donate 2 ½ percent of their
earnings to the needy; They are
to fast during Ramadan; They
are to visit Mecca at least one
time in their life.
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HUM 130
excused from rigid schedules
partly because of their household
responsibilities, and partly
because of the belief that women
have a more intuitive sense of
spirituality.” (Axia, 2008); They
are to recite a hundred
benedictions to God daily; They
are to thank God for their
blessings (i.e. food, water, using
the bathroom, etc.); They have
services during the Sabbath that
include singing, praising,
prayers, and reading passages;
They begin the Sabbath with a
Friday night dinner; Challah
(braided bread) is served as a
symbol of the double portions of
manna in the desert; A Bar
Mitzvah is used to celebrate
Jewish boy’s coming of age;
There are holy days, such as
High Holy Days, Rosh
Hashanah; Yom Kippur, and
Passover.
Ethics and
morality
They believe humans should
mirror God’s qualities, such as
righteousness, justice, love, and
wisdom; Judaism celebrates the
body and believes life is sacred;
Christians are supposed to strive
to be more Christ-like. This
means they should attempt to
live a life of kindness and
compassion, showing
Muhammad attempted to create
a united community where
Muslims helped each other. He
believe no one should go hungry
or be treated unfairly. Some of
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HUM 130
Worshipping numerous gods,
blasphemy of God, murder, theft,
adultery, and cruelty to animals
is prohibited;
unconditional love, trying not to
sin, and following the ten
commandments.
the traditional values have been
lost over time. Muslims have
become heavily involved in the
oil industry in recent years. Most
oil rich countries are Muslim.
Muslim women dress
conservatively; The Quran has
scripture that says one should
not kill their children for fear of
poverty. Some take this as a
belief against abortion.
Resources:
Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week
Four. Chapter 8 Judaism Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120 SociologyCourse
Web site
Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week
Six. Chapter 9 Christianity Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120
SociologyCourse Web site
Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week
Six. Chapter 10 Islam’ Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120 SociologyCourse
Web site

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Axia College Material Appendix H Monotheistic Religion Elements Matrix Judaism Christianity Islam Jerusalem Palestine Arabia Figures: Abraham and Sarah; Adam and Eve; Moses; God; Jacob/Israel; David (King of Israel); Solomon (son of David); King Hoshea; King Nebuchadnezzar; Judah; Hasmon family of Priests. Events: Moses leads the Israeli people away from Egyptian bondage; David becomes the king of Israel and Judah; King Solomon builds a temple in Jerusalem; The temple is destroyed and later rebuilt; Ezra the Scribe reads the Torah (teaching for prophets) to the public; The Romans take over Figures: Jesus; His followers: Matthew, Mark, Luke & John; Paul, an early organizer. King David and Abraham, early ancestors of Jesus; Moses; Mary, Jesus’ mother; Joseph, married to Mary; Pontius Pilate, ordered Jesus’ death Events: Immaculate conception of Mary; Birth of Jesus; The Burning Bush; Deliverance of the 10th Commandments; Parting of the Red Sea; Turning Water to Wine; The Crucifixion; The Ressurection. Figures: Abraham & Sarah; Hagar (Egyptian slave); Ishmael (Abraham & Hagar’s son); Isaac (Abraham & Sarah’s son); Muhammad (a prophet who was God’s messenger); Allah (the Muslim God); Abu Bakr. Events: Birth of Muhammad; God revealed the Quran to Muhammad; Death of Muhammad; Election of Abu Bakr as first caliph; al Hallaj killed; Salah-al-Din recaptures Jerusalem from Crusaders; Spanish Inquisition; Muslims fall under European control; Muslim resurgence occurs; Muslim Countries of origin Historical figures and events HUM 130 Jerusalem; Babylonian Talmud (documented laws) completed; Inquisition begins; The enlightenment in Europe; Jews migrate to North America; The Holocaust; Dead sea scrolls are found; Six day war. Creation; The Great Flood; Tower of Babel; The Ten Commandments given to Moses on Mt. Sinai; Central beliefs Monotheism (one God/one Creator of all existence); The essential commandment is to love God; Humans are created in the image of God; Mirror God’s qualities, such as wisdom, love, justice, and righteousness; People are created equal and are the descendants of Adam and Eve; God gave humans free will; If one is suffering, they should examine their own deeds; God has given them written laws and commandments in the Torah; God rewards the faithful and righteous and will punish the unjust. terrorists attack the United States. The scriptures of the Holy Bible are the word of God; Mary, the virgin, gave birth to a baby, Jesus; Christians believe in one God, the Father and Creator of everything; They believe that Jesus was crucified for their sake (cost of their sins) and was resurrected from the dead three days later. They believe that Jesus was God in one form and Jesus in the human form. They believe the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are one of the same. They believe that He will come again from heaven and judge the living and the dead. They believe some (God’s people)will go to heaven to spend eternity in God’s kingdom “Islam calls for complete acceptance of the teachings and guidance of God. A Muslim is one who freely and willingly accepts the supreme power of God and strives to organize his life in total accord with the teachings of God. He also works for building social institutions which reflect the guidance of God.” (Axia, 2008). Every though and action of a Muslim should come from God. They believe in unity with God. Shahadah – No God but God; Islam honors many prophets as messengers of God (Allah); They believe God is all knowing and that everything happens according to his plan; They HUM 130 and the others will go to Hell. They also believe that baptism is the forgiveness of one’s sins. should not worship any other God other than Allah, nor objects of nature, etc. They believe in angels that assist God; They believe that the dead will be resurrected from their graves to be held accountable for their actions. At that time, the earth will end. They believe in hell for sinners, non-believers, hypocrites, etc. and believe that followers will go to a Garden of Bliss; One God who is the Creator of all existence. There is only one true God and he is the Creator of all existence. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are one of the same. Jesus is the incarnation of God. Muslims are monotheistic. They believe in only one God and he is the creator of everything. His name is Allah. Muhammad is his messenger and the last of the prophets. Dead Sea Scrolls; Torah (teachings/sacred Jewish literature); Tanakh (The Old Testament); Talmud (laws); Pentateuch (five books of Moses); The Ten Commandments (stone tablets). The primary text for Christians is the Holy Bible – this is thought to be the divine word of God. The Quran. The Quran contains the revelations given to Muhammad by God/Allah. Nature of God Texts HUM 130 Ritual and practice Daily scriptural study; Boys are taught how to read and write ancient Hebrew; Jews are to remember God in everything they do, through prayer and observance of the Ten Commandments; Boys are circumcised at eight years old; Women are considered unclean during their menstrual periods and seven days after and are not allowed to have sex during that time; After their periods, Jewish women are to clean in a mitkva (special deep bathing structure); Marital sex is sacred; The Sabbath (sunset Friday night to sunset Saturday night) is considered a holy time for having sex; Adultery is forbidden and considered one of the worst sins; What they eat is of cosmic significance and must be kosher; They should begin their day with prayer before opening their eyes; Prayers are recited on walking and bedtime; “three prayer services are chanted daily in a synagogue by men if there is a minyan (quorum of ten). Women can say them also, but they are Christians are to make an inner attempt to become more like Christ; Christians attend public worship services that traditionally on Sunday and take place in a church or sacred location; Christians practice prayer, fasting, and devotions to Mary and the saints; “Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe seven sacraments: baptism (initiation and symbolic purification from sin by water), confirmation (of membership in the Church), eucharist (the ritual meal described below), penance (confession and absolution of sins), extreme unction (anointing of the sick with oil, especially before death), holy orders (consecration as a deacon, priest, or bishop), and matrimony.” (Axia, 2008); Taking of sacred bread and wine as part of communion; singing and praising takes place in most Christian churches; Christmas, Epiphany, and Easter are among the Christian holidays. The Five Pillars of Jihad: • Belief & Witness • Daily Prayers • Zakat • Fasting • Hajj They are to tell others of Muslim faith; They are to pray five times a day, reciting prayers and passages from the Quran while facing Mecca; They are to donate 2 ½ percent of their earnings to the needy; They are to fast during Ramadan; They are to visit Mecca at least one time in their life. HUM 130 excused from rigid schedules partly because of their household responsibilities, and partly because of the belief that women have a more intuitive sense of spirituality.” (Axia, 2008); They are to recite a hundred benedictions to God daily; They are to thank God for their blessings (i.e. food, water, using the bathroom, etc.); They have services during the Sabbath that include singing, praising, prayers, and reading passages; They begin the Sabbath with a Friday night dinner; Challah (braided bread) is served as a symbol of the double portions of manna in the desert; A Bar Mitzvah is used to celebrate Jewish boy’s coming of age; There are holy days, such as High Holy Days, Rosh Hashanah; Yom Kippur, and Passover. Ethics and morality They believe humans should mirror God’s qualities, such as righteousness, justice, love, and wisdom; Judaism celebrates the body and believes life is sacred; Christians are supposed to strive to be more Christ-like. This means they should attempt to live a life of kindness and compassion, showing Muhammad attempted to create a united community where Muslims helped each other. He believe no one should go hungry or be treated unfairly. Some of HUM 130 Worshipping numerous gods, blasphemy of God, murder, theft, adultery, and cruelty to animals is prohibited; unconditional love, trying not to sin, and following the ten commandments. the traditional values have been lost over time. Muslims have become heavily involved in the oil industry in recent years. Most oil rich countries are Muslim. Muslim women dress conservatively; The Quran has scripture that says one should not kill their children for fear of poverty. Some take this as a belief against abortion. Resources: Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week Four. Chapter 8 ‘Judaism’ – Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120— SociologyCourse Web site Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week Six. Chapter 9 ‘Christianity’ – Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120— SociologyCourse Web site Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Indigenous Sacred Ways. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from AxiaCollege, Week Six. Chapter 10 ‘Islam’ – Living Religions Sixth Addition, by Mary Pat Fisher. 2005. SOC120— SociologyCourse Web site HUM 130 Name: Description: ...
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