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Running head: SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
CheckPoint: Sexual Dysfunction
YOUR NAME
PSY/265
DATE
NAME OF PROFESSOR
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SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 2
Sexual Dysfunction
One sexual dysfunction that has the capacity to affect both men and women is sexual pain
disorders. It happens to be, however, that it is more typical for a man to have a sexual pain
disorders when compared to a woman. The foremost characteristic of a sexual pain disorder
pertains to having pain or discomfort while having sexual intercourse. The most common forms
of sexual pain disorder are vaginismus and dyspareunia (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus,
2005).
Vaginismus is considered to be more of a psychological disorder. It is essentially caused
by the pelvic muscles’ involuntary contractions (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). These involuntary
contractions have the capacity to make the act of penetration extremely hurtful so much so that
it can restrict a person from having intercourse altogether. It is common for women that have this
sexual pain disorder to undergo severe sexual trauma. Nonetheless, such women have the
capacity to still achieve an orgasm; however, the fear of the penetration oftentimes prohibits a
man and a woman from having sexual intercourse.
Dyspareunia is pain that takes place during sexual intercourse; it is typically caused by
emotional and physical factors (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). When it takes place in women,
dyspareunia may be caused not having adequate lubrication. Dyspareunia may also be caused by
typical irritation within the vagina. Other causes include inflammation, allergies, or pain. As
such, the causes of dyspareunia are dependent upon the person and individual circumstance(s).
The psychological factors of the dysfunction may be trauma and/or sexual abuse. Within men,
the cause of dyspareunia is commonly caused by a sexually transmitted infection around the
penis (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). The chances of dyspareunia from taking place for men are
heightened if a man is uncircumcised.
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SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 3
A typical treatment of a sexual pain disorder is sex therapy. Such therapy primarily
centers on the disorder’s psychological factors (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). This therapy would
be most advantageous for individuals who have a sexual pain disorder as a result of trauma; it
would essentially relieve any associated anxiety and/or fear. Vaginismus is commonly treated
with sex therapy. Behavioral exercises may also be beneficial in treating the sexual pain disorder
(Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). These exercises have the capacity to relax muscles that may be the
cause of the pain. When it comes to dyspareunia, typical treatments include utilizing lubrication
products. In more severe cases, medication and/or therapy may be needed, especially if a
sexually transmitted infection is a factor.
It is now apparent that there are a multitude of causes and treatments for sexual
dysfunctions. Such dysfunctions occur for numerous reasons; they may be physical and/or
psychological. It is necessary to understand the circumstances and causes of the dysfunction in
order to properly treat it.
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SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 4
References
Rathus, S. P., Nevid, J. S., & Fichner-Rathus, L. F. (2005). Human sexuality in a world of
diversity (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

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1 Running head: SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION CheckPoint: Sexual Dysfunction YOUR NAME PSY/265 DATE NAME OF PROFESSOR SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 2 Sexual Dysfunction One sexual dysfunction that has the capacity to affect both men and women is sexual pain disorders. It happens to be, however, that it is more typical for a man to have a sexual pain disorders when compared to a woman. The foremost characteristic of a sexual pain disorder pertains to having pain or discomfort while having sexual intercourse. The most common forms of sexual pain disorder are vaginismus and dyspareunia (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Vaginismus is considered to be more of a psychological disorder. It is essentially caused by the pelvic muscles’ involuntary contractions (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). These involuntary contractions have the capacity to make the act of penetration extremely hurtful – so much so that it can restrict a person from having intercourse altogether. It is common for women that have this sexual pain disorder to undergo severe sexual trauma. Nonetheless, such women have the capacity to still achieve an orgasm; however, the fear of the penetration oftentimes prohibits a man and a woman from having sexual intercourse. Dyspareunia is pain that takes place during sexual intercourse; it is typically caused by emotional and physical factors (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). When it takes place in women, dyspareunia may be caused not having adequate lubrication. Dyspareunia may also be caused by typical irritation within the vagina. Other causes include inflammation, allergies, or pain. As such, the causes of dyspareunia are dependent upon the person and individual circumstance(s). The psychological factors of the dysfunction may be trauma and/or sexual abuse. Within men, the cause of dyspareunia is commonly caused by a sexually transmitted infection around the penis (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). The chances of dyspareunia from taking place for men are heightened if a man is uncircumcised. SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 3 A typical treatment of a sexual pain disorder is sex therapy. Such therapy primarily centers on the disorder’s psychological factors (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). This therapy would be most advantageous for individuals who have a sexual pain disorder as a result of trauma; it would essentially relieve any associated anxiety and/or fear. Vaginismus is commonly treated with sex therapy. Behavioral exercises may also be beneficial in treating the sexual pain disorder (Rathus, Nevid, et al., 2005). These exercises have the capacity to relax muscles that may be the cause of the pain. When it comes to dyspareunia, typical treatments include utilizing lubrication products. In more severe cases, medication and/or therapy may be needed, especially if a sexually transmitted infection is a factor. It is now apparent that there are a multitude of causes and treatments for sexual dysfunctions. Such dysfunctions occur for numerous reasons; they may be physical and/or psychological. It is necessary to understand the circumstances and causes of the dysfunction in order to properly treat it. SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION 4 References Rathus, S. P., Nevid, J. S., & Fichner-Rathus, L. F. (2005). Human sexuality in a world of diversity (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Name: Description: ...
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