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MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility
mgt216r2
Student Name: ________________ Facilitator: ______________
Ethical
Theory
Comparison of Ethical Theories
Utilitarianism
Ethics
Deontological
Ethics
Virtue Ethics
Definition
Utilitarian Ethics is an
ethics mainly placing the
correctness of the action
by emphasizing the
satisfying or pleasurable
effects on the interest of
the people. This is the
ethics that the
Consequentialism
Theory is mainly based
on where actions are
considered ethical if
everyone receives
positive consequences.
Deontological Ethics also
known as duty-based ethics
follows rules or guidelines
placing concern on the
duties, responsibilities, and
obligations of individuals to
others.
Virtue Ethics is an ethics of
norms which pain
emphasis is stressed on
moral values.
Ethical
thinker
associated
with theory
- John Stuart Mill:
modern utilitarian
theory.
-His theory states that a
decision or action
becomes rightful when
the end provides greatest
good to the majority of
people involved.
-Jeremy Bentham: Plain
Hedonistic Theory
-His theory is mainly
focused on the
intrinsically good things
like pleasures.
-Immanuel Kant:
Categorical Imperative
-His theory stresses on the
universal application of
moral principles and respect
to others highlighting single
principle of duty which is
the moral duties to oneself
and others.
-Pufendorf: Theories on
duties to God, duties to
oneself, and duties to others.
-W.D. Ross: theories with
emphasis on prima facie
duties as parts of the
fundamental nature of the
universe.
-Aristotle: Natural virtue
that deals on its ordinary
usage through reliance on
motivation by
inclination.(Hurtshouse,
2007)
- Plato, Kant, Martineau,
Hume, Hutcheson and
Nietzsche: different forms
of Virtue Ethics.
- Michael Slote: Modern
'agent-based' approach.
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MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility
mgt216r2
Decision-
making
process
-Priorities always set on
the consequences of the
action.
-Action that will yield
positive effects to
everyone involved in the
process will be
considered ethical.
-The emphasis is set on the
rights and obligations of the
persons involved.
-An action or decision will
be considered ethical only
when the individual’s duties,
obligations and
responsibilities to others are
maintained.
-Highlights that the end can
never justify the means.
- The main focus is to keep
moral values or virtues in
any action or decision
made.
-A decision bound to break
the moral laws are
considered unethical no
matter how good the
processes or the
consequences are.
Workplace
example
After the revealed
discomfort of the team
with the presence of the
employee falsely
accused of exposing the
company’s confidential
information, the
management fired the
employee.
The manager backs up the
falsely accused employee in
fulfillment of his duty and
obligation to protect the
rights and welfare of his
subordinates.
With the belief that firing
the falsely accused
employee is morally wrong
knowing she has not done
wrong, the manager
decided to let the employee
to stay and gave the chance
to prove her innocence and
regain her tainted morals.
References
Brown, C. (2007). Utilitarianism. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from
http://www.trinity.edu/cbrown/intro/utilitarianism.html
Hurtshouse, R. (2007). Virtue Ethics. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from Stanford Encyclopedia of
Philosophy Online: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/
University of Iowa. (2007). Deontology or Teleology Ethics Based on Duty or on Consequences.
Retrieved February 19, 2010, from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c019168/168s6online3.html

Unformatted Attachment Preview

MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility Student Name: ________________ Facilitator: ______________ Comparison of Ethical Theories Ethical Theory Definition Ethical thinker associated with theory Utilitarianism Ethics Deontological Ethics Virtue Ethics Utilitarian Ethics is an ethics mainly placing the correctness of the action by emphasizing the satisfying or pleasurable effects on the interest of the people. This is the ethics that the Consequentialism Theory is mainly based on where actions are considered ethical if everyone receives positive consequences. - John Stuart Mill: modern utilitarian theory. -His theory states that a decision or action becomes rightful when the end provides greatest good to the majority of people involved. Deontological Ethics also known as duty-based ethics follows rules or guidelines placing concern on the duties, responsibilities, and obligations of individuals to others. Virtue Ethics is an ethics of norms which pain emphasis is stressed on moral values. -Immanuel Kant: Categorical Imperative -His theory stresses on the universal application of moral principles and respect to others highlighting single principle of duty which is the moral duties to oneself and others. -Aristotle: Natural virtue that deals on its ordinary usage through reliance on motivation by inclination.(Hurtshouse, 2007) -Jeremy Bentham: Plain Hedonistic Theory -His theory is mainly focused on the intrinsically good things like pleasures. -Pufendorf: Theories on duties to God, duties to oneself, and duties to others. - Plato, Kant, Martineau, Hume, Hutcheson and Nietzsche: different forms of Virtue Ethics. - Michael Slote: Modern 'agent-based' approach. -W.D. Ross: theories with emphasis on prima facie duties as parts of the fundamental nature of the universe. mgt216r2 MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility Decisionmaking process Workplace example -Priorities always set on the consequences of the action. -Action that will yield positive effects to everyone involved in the process will be considered ethical. After the revealed discomfort of the team with the presence of the employee falsely accused of exposing the company’s confidential information, the management fired the employee. -The emphasis is set on the rights and obligations of the persons involved. -An action or decision will be considered ethical only when the individual’s duties, obligations and responsibilities to others are maintained. -Highlights that the end can never justify the means. The manager backs up the falsely accused employee in fulfillment of his duty and obligation to protect the rights and welfare of his subordinates. - The main focus is to keep moral values or virtues in any action or decision made. -A decision bound to break the moral laws are considered unethical no matter how good the processes or the consequences are. With the belief that firing the falsely accused employee is morally wrong knowing she has not done wrong, the manager decided to let the employee to stay and gave the chance to prove her innocence and regain her tainted morals. References Brown, C. (2007). Utilitarianism. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from http://www.trinity.edu/cbrown/intro/utilitarianism.html Hurtshouse, R. (2007). Virtue Ethics. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ University of Iowa. (2007). Deontology or Teleology Ethics Based on Duty or on Consequences. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c019168/168s6online3.html mgt216r2 Name: Description: ...
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