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Running head: TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE
1
Traditional and Nontraditional Culture
Psy 450
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TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE
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Traditional and Nontraditional Culture
Cultures all across the globe are perceived in many different ways. Cultures may view other cultures
as being odd, while other people in different cultures view some of the aspects of different cultures as
being either traditional or nontraditional. In this paper we will focus on the aspects of how cultures are
either traditional or non traditional, what makes them so and the differences between two specific cultures
in their being either traditional or nontraditional. But what exactly is a traditional and nontraditional
culture?
Traditional VS Nontraditional
Traditional cultures are those that adhere to strict cultural boundaries and expectations throughout
time and history, they do not change or evolve. There is a high level of conformity in such cultures and
very little tolerance for there being anything different in many aspects. Nontraditional cultures are those
that do not adhere to historical views and perceptions of generations past; they evolve and change with
time and each generation. Within nontraditional cultures change is welcomed, diversity is welcomed and
the culture in and of its self breeds change in the aspects of its people, religions, environments and
societies (Carteret, 2008). Two good examples of traditional and nontraditional cultures are that of the
United States and India; the United States of America being the nontraditional culture and India being the
traditional culture. While the United States fosters change and strives to evolve in a forward motion, India
works to maintain the traditions and ways of their ancestry. This in no way constitutes that one culture is
better than the other; they both have their pros and cons. This can include many aspect of ones behavior
both spoken and unspoken, the very nature of what one believes to be socially acceptable can be very
different between traditional and nontraditional cultures (Carteret, 2008). The meaning of eye contact,
body language, head nodding, use of silence and gesturing can mean very different things in each culture
but no bigger difference has been seen that in the traditional versus nontraditional cultures
(Carteret, 2008).
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TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE
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Nontraditional Culture of the United States of America
The United States of America is a non-traditional culture. From America’s birth the
country has developed in numerous ways. Bruce (2010) explains the country as, “…the world's
richest country and is known for its impact on culture and entertainment around the globe” (p. 1).
This is the land of opportunity. Immigrants moved to the United States with hopes and dreams of
making a better life. This has made the country a melting pot of all nations. With the Declaration
of Independence, the individuals in the country have a large amount of freedom compared to
most other countries around the world. Although amendments have been made to this document,
the core remains the same. Parents send their children to either public or private schooling until
they have almost reached the end of their teen years. Afterwards the children have the option to
continue schooling or to stop there. America contains numerous religious beliefs. The people are
free to worship and praise whoever they choose, and in their own way. This particular freedom is
a high placed value. The government tries to separate from religion when ever possible.
Technology has become part of every day life. Individual and businesses use cell phones,
laptops, and other equipment daily. Medicine and hospitals have developed and use specific
technology to diagnose and treat patients. The culture encourages competition in businesses. This
keeps the stress to work hard, and listen to what the people are wanting. Businesses work against
each other to create the superior product. Celebrities are individuals who have done well for
themselves. These people may be movie stars, or a musician. The government is a Democratic
system. The people vote to place individuals in their particular places.
The Traditional Culture of India
One of the numerous traditional cultures is in India. India is widely known as one of the
oldest cultures in the world. The culture of India highly values the traditions and beliefs
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TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE
4
throughout the country. Multiple religions began in India, such as Buddhism and Hinduism
(Oracle Education Foundation, 2010). Religion is highly revered, and part of the daily life in
India, such as education and politics. Various parts of the country practice different religions,
which has developed the culture to celebrate numerous holidays and festivals. The families live
together, including the extended members. The eldest male in the family sets the rules for the
household and typically arranges the marriages. The family arrangements are much like the
social status of the culture. The Indian culture is a high vertical collectivism. This makes for a
very restrictive society, with little room for change. The Indian culture is very specific about the
clothing women wear. Skin is covered as much as possible. The women wear a bindi on their
forehead. In older times this was to mark if the woman was currently married, but through time
the red bindi is wore by every woman (Oracle Education Foundation, 2010). The Indian
government is a federal system as a Democratic Republic. At the head is an Executive of the
Union, and a Council of Ministers which have a Prime Minister. Although the culture has made
changes, and adopted new technologies the heart of the culture has remained the same. The
Indian culture is deeply rooted in their traditions which make India a traditional culture.
Conclusion
While each culture is different in their own aspects they all contribute a valuable perspective
to people of other cultures and allow individuals of other cultures to broaden their minds and
knowledge of other people. This allows for a greater understanding for the behaviors of people of
other cultures. Whether a culture is traditional or nontraditional is really only a matter of the
beliefs and practices that each specific culture adheres to, if any. This could be based on religion
or by merely a same set of moral values set forth within a society. If the culture changes and
evolves it is considered to be nontraditional, if the culture does not change or evolve over time it
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is considered to be traditional. Regardless of the culture, the people within each and every
culture are the cause and effect who depict whether or not a culture remains unchanged or
becomes changed.
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References Page
Bruce, E (2010). United States of America. Our World: United States of America, 1.
Retrieved from MasterFILE Premier database
Carteret, M. (2008). Non-Verbal Behavior in Cross-Cultural Interaction. Cross-Cultural
Communications for Healthcare Professionals . Retrieved from http://dimensionsofculture-
com.doodlekit.com/home/some_basics_for_conversing_across_cultures
Oracle Education Foundation. (2010). Indian Culture. Retrieved from
http://library.thinkquest.org/11372/data/culture.htm

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE Traditional and Nontraditional Culture Psy 450 1 TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE 2 Traditional and Nontraditional Culture Cultures all across the globe are perceived in many different ways. Cultures may view other cultures as being odd, while other people in different cultures view some of the aspects of different cultures as being either traditional or nontraditional. In this paper we will focus on the aspects of how cultures are either traditional or non traditional, what makes them so and the differences between two specific cultures in their being either traditional or nontraditional. But what exactly is a traditional and nontraditional culture? Traditional VS Nontraditional Traditional cultures are those that adhere to strict cultural boundaries and expectations throughout time and history, they do not change or evolve. There is a high level of conformity in such cultures and very little tolerance for there being anything different in many aspects. Nontraditional cultures are those that do not adhere to historical views and perceptions of generations past; they evolve and change with time and each generation. Within nontraditional cultures change is welcomed, diversity is welcomed and the culture in and of its self breeds change in the aspects of its people, religions, environments and societies (Carteret, 2008). Two good examples of traditional and nontraditional cultures are that of the United States and India; the United States of America being the nontraditional culture and India being the traditional culture. While the United States fosters change and strives to evolve in a forward motion, India works to maintain the traditions and ways of their ancestry. This in no way constitutes that one culture is better than the other; they both have their pros and cons. This can include many aspect of ones behavior both spoken and unspoken, the very nature of what one believes to be socially acceptable can be very different between traditional and nontraditional cultures (Carteret, 2008). The meaning of eye contact, body language, head nodding, use of silence and gesturing can mean very different things in each culture but no bigger difference has been seen that in the traditional versus nontraditional cultures (Carteret, 2008). TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE 3 Nontraditional Culture of the United States of America The United States of America is a non-traditional culture. From America’s birth the country has developed in numerous ways. Bruce (2010) explains the country as, “…the world's richest country and is known for its impact on culture and entertainment around the globe” (p. 1). This is the land of opportunity. Immigrants moved to the United States with hopes and dreams of making a better life. This has made the country a melting pot of all nations. With the Declaration of Independence, the individuals in the country have a large amount of freedom compared to most other countries around the world. Although amendments have been made to this document, the core remains the same. Parents send their children to either public or private schooling until they have almost reached the end of their teen years. Afterwards the children have the option to continue schooling or to stop there. America contains numerous religious beliefs. The people are free to worship and praise whoever they choose, and in their own way. This particular freedom is a high placed value. The government tries to separate from religion when ever possible. Technology has become part of every day life. Individual and businesses use cell phones, laptops, and other equipment daily. Medicine and hospitals have developed and use specific technology to diagnose and treat patients. The culture encourages competition in businesses. This keeps the stress to work hard, and listen to what the people are wanting. Businesses work against each other to create the superior product. Celebrities are individuals who have done well for themselves. These people may be movie stars, or a musician. The government is a Democratic system. The people vote to place individuals in their particular places. The Traditional Culture of India One of the numerous traditional cultures is in India. India is widely known as one of the oldest cultures in the world. The culture of India highly values the traditions and beliefs TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE 4 throughout the country. Multiple religions began in India, such as Buddhism and Hinduism (Oracle Education Foundation, 2010). Religion is highly revered, and part of the daily life in India, such as education and politics. Various parts of the country practice different religions, which has developed the culture to celebrate numerous holidays and festivals. The families live together, including the extended members. The eldest male in the family sets the rules for the household and typically arranges the marriages. The family arrangements are much like the social status of the culture. The Indian culture is a high vertical collectivism. This makes for a very restrictive society, with little room for change. The Indian culture is very specific about the clothing women wear. Skin is covered as much as possible. The women wear a bindi on their forehead. In older times this was to mark if the woman was currently married, but through time the red bindi is wore by every woman (Oracle Education Foundation, 2010). The Indian government is a federal system as a Democratic Republic. At the head is an Executive of the Union, and a Council of Ministers which have a Prime Minister. Although the culture has made changes, and adopted new technologies the heart of the culture has remained the same. The Indian culture is deeply rooted in their traditions which make India a traditional culture. Conclusion While each culture is different in their own aspects they all contribute a valuable perspective to people of other cultures and allow individuals of other cultures to broaden their minds and knowledge of other people. This allows for a greater understanding for the behaviors of people of other cultures. Whether a culture is traditional or nontraditional is really only a matter of the beliefs and practices that each specific culture adheres to, if any. This could be based on religion or by merely a same set of moral values set forth within a society. If the culture changes and evolves it is considered to be nontraditional, if the culture does not change or evolve over time it TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE 5 is considered to be traditional. Regardless of the culture, the people within each and every culture are the cause and effect who depict whether or not a culture remains unchanged or becomes changed. TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL CULTURE References Page Bruce, E (2010). United States of America. Our World: United States of America, 1. Retrieved from MasterFILE Premier database Carteret, M. (2008). Non-Verbal Behavior in Cross-Cultural Interaction. Cross-Cultural Communications for Healthcare Professionals . Retrieved from http://dimensionsofculturecom.doodlekit.com/home/some_basics_for_conversing_across_cultures Oracle Education Foundation. (2010). Indian Culture. Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/11372/data/culture.htm 6 Name: Description: ...
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