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Leadership Reflection Based on the Invictus Movie
Student’s Name
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Instructor’s Name
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Leadership Reflection Based on the Invictus Movie
Invictus is an inspirational film based on the true story of the former president of
South Africa, Nelson Mandela, and his continuous attempt to unity South Africans. His
vision as newly elected president was to eliminate racism and solve most of the adverse
challenges impacting his nation. Therefore, he attempts to unite the people through rugby to
bridge the gaps between the Whites and the Afrikaners. Leadership is a vital element in
societal growth and development, and any leader must ascribe to have qualities of a good
leader. For instance, a leader should be transformative flexible, and show concern in team
dynamics, alongside being transactional. Therefore, this essay addresses the strength and
weaknesses of good leadership based on the film Invictus.
Good leadership unites and transforms people’s mindsets to achieve the national
goals of promoting cohesion among the population. The first scene is where Morgan freeman
takes the formidable challenge of redefining or transforming how South Africans viewed the
Springboks. Previously, the Springboks were a symbol of apartheid and oppression because
white players dominated the Springbok team, and black South Africans depicted the ‘white
team’ as just another apartheid mechanism reminder (Pirson & Keir, 2018). Furthermore,
Morgan Freeman faces strong opposition from the sports council to change the name
Springbok to Protease. However, he stands still and convinces the council to retain the name
and the emblem because there was no time for trivial revenge but, time to unite the nation
(Pirson & Keir, 2018). The last scene is where he selects both the Afrikaners and the whites
to form the security team. The weakness of good leadership is over-determination and
enthusiasm to the extent of making wrong decisions. For instan2018ce, Francois is very
determined until he becomes very passive in the way he leads his team. His determination to
win made him force players to drink awful bear as a punishment. He fails to recognize the
importance of encouraging players until Mandela teaches him about leadership.
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The scenes identify with transformational leadership where followers are stirred
beyond their self-interest through intellectual stimulation, idealized influence, individualized
consideration, and inspiration. Freeman inspires his followers through his strong vision and
focuses on transforming the country.
President Mandela's Character Traits that Shows He's a Good Leader
First President Mandela is a people-oriented leader who practices equality in his
office without any sort of prejudice. For instance, he balances the aspirations of the white
population's fear and that of the black people who have been oppressed by racism. He
encourages white staff working in the presidential office, thus removing their fear of
operating under the new regime. Mandela also had a self-awareness quality because he
understood that he must eradicate racism, and he had to be the change. He stands out for
change by putting aside his grudges and working towards integrity. For example, he knows
that forgiveness liberates the soul. Additionally, he is a very strategic and thoughtful leader
who deeply understood teamswork's power of teamwor which is only attainable through
working towards a common goal.
Mandela is trustworthy, humble, and down-to-earth. His words align with his actions,
he does not only give inspirational speeches, but he also abides by them. For instance, in one
scene, he takes time to thank people who were waving national flags, despite the
overwhelming security threats. He pours tea for himself rather than waiting to be served, and
he takes his time to identify everyone in the team, crediting them required recognition, and
wishing them good luck before the tournament begins is an implication that he is humble.
Lastly, he is a charismatic leader who inspires to positively change, for instance, he invites
Francois over a cup of tea to discuss team leadership.
Francois's Character Traits that Show He's a Good Leader
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Francois is a transactional leader because he guides and motivates his followers
towards the established goals by clarifying tasks and roles requirements. For instance,
initially before meeting Mandela, he had no clue on how to efficiently manage the team to
regain the country’s trust. He was passive in the way he led his team because his philosophy
on leadership was to lead by example and this made him employ ruthless standards like
making the team taste awful bear as a reminder of the defeat taste. However, after meeting
with Mandela, he changed his leadership philosophy and started listening to players’
complaints. For instance, he tells the players that he would not forward their complaints to
the management, but he conveys them to change as they are more than just the rugby team.
He further involves an active management-by-exception style to ensure that his team
practices well to win the tournament.
He further devises winning strategies by enlightening the team on their opponent’s
strengths and weaknesses to attain the title championship. For instance, he motivates the team
during the finals to hear the nation’s voice. This circumstance indicates that Francois was
reasonably effective and satisfying, and he further added substantial leadership aspects to
affect the victory.
The Essence of Leadership According to President Mandela’s Actions and Statements
Leadership requires commitment, setting of clear goals, and participation in bringing
change. A leader should move from a comfortable command and control approach to
uncomfortable requirements of becoming a facilitator, educator, transformation, transaction,
and dynamic leader who placed people’s interests above his ego, grudges, and self-interests.
When leaders realize the cause of the fighting, they should be passionate, as passion
facilitates perseverance (Arora et al., 2018). Even though Mandela was opposed to the white
minority policies, he led a non-violent against the apartheid regime. He was faced with many
challenges like rejection by his people, but his passion for change was more essential to him
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than his shame and bitterness for failure. He stated that struggle is his life and he was not
going to give up until the end of his days.
Leaders require to understand the people they are dealing with, especially during
organizational change. Mandela believed that leadership requires the use of human
sometimes rather than political ones to stop the cycle of fear between the antagonizing sides
(Arora et al., 2018). By trying to bring a radical change in his country on how blacks and
whites were viewing each other, he built a team containing both whites and blacks, alongside
security manpower having individuals from both communities. Lastly, leadership requires
symbols to unite people, for instance, Mandela established a national rugby team to
symbolize national unity which later unite the two communities in celebration of the
country’s victory.
Meaning of the Poem Invictus to Mandela and South Africans
The poem reminded Nelson Mandela of the importance of not giving up despite the
presenting adverse challenges. Even though he was imprisoned for 27 years, his vision of
unifying his people and eradicating racism never faded (Pirson & Keir, 2018). He forgave
and forget the wrongs of minority whites’ apartheid regime by letting his soul remain
unconquered, he never let his bloody head bow, but he remained the master of himself and
the captain of his soul. The poem enabled him to balance the aspirations of both
communities.
South Africans are currently faced with economic issues like increased rates of
unemployment and funds embezzlement. Other challenges facing the country includes poor
leadership accompanied by nepotism. The poem should remind the South Africans of the
importance of non-violent fighting for their rights as citizens, electing worthy leaders, and
pressurizing law courts to apprehend those found guilty of corruption. The results may not be
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achieved within the shortest period, but the citizens should aspire for change and enlighten
the young generation on the impacts of cohesion and fighting corruption.
Reasons Why Leaders Should Unite their Followers Even in Hardship Times
Adversities such as hunger, unemployment and gender inequality translate into
violence, high mortality rates, poverty, and hatred. As a leader, it is important to stand still
and encourage followers to establish cohesion and forgiveness in times of hardships (Pirson
& Keir, 2018). Encouraging followers will enable them to work together towards a common
goal of fighting the situation. Moreover, standing with them and uniting them creates a
conducive environment that facilitates utilization of the scarce resources. When communities
are divided, they continuously scramble over resources that can generally benefit all of them,
and this results in hatred and divisive politics.
Additionally, uniting followers’ results in the creation of an open-minded society that
generates innovative policies that can lead to a sustainable solution to the presenting
challenge and figure out ways to curb the situation. When communities are divided,
individuals keep their ideas that can generate an immediate and sustainable solution to the
problem. Unity facilitates research for epidemics like diseases, drought, and famine. It further
enables the transfer of skills and knowledge from one individual to the other. Unity brings a
change in the mindset of followers by enabling them to believe in the country’s vision of a
friendly and peaceful nation.
Impacts of Team's Performance on the Larger Institution (like a nation) and how this
Performance can transcend into a Form of Leadership.
Nationalism feeling is indispensable to nation-building ideas. Apart from religion
which has been poised as the opium of the masses, sporting activities bind people together
and initiate a feeling of patriotism and unity that can curtail regional factionalism and
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eradicate the design of various separatist forces (Niemiec, 2020). Sports build and define
nations’ character by elevating qualities like discipline, passion, teamwork, and
determination. For, instance, sports have led to the improvement of a healthy nation and
people who participate in sporting activities are less likely to be at risk of complications
associated with sedentary lifestyles like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension.
Additionally, sports performance helps guide youths towards a positive direction. For
instance, sports have been essential in reducing violence, drug and alcohol abuse, robbery
cases, and teenage pregnancies among youths especially, those living in slums. Sports
enhance a global sense of belonging and act as goodwill to countries in need. For instance,
many sport’s activities have been held to curb gender discrimination and inequality,
corruption, infections, and disease control. Many international teams have contributed to
countries affected by natural calamities and diseases.
Sports performance involve working as a team and promoting each other’s skills
despite their ideological differences. It also includes being humble, open-minded, flexible,
and disciplined, thus changing one’s mindset of the way they view one another. When one
abides by the fore-mentioned aspects of performance, they become transactional,
transformational, and consider people dynamics which are great aspects of leadership.
Ways in which Emotional Intelligence Plays a Role in the Characters' Decisions.
Emotional intelligence is the ability of individuals to manage their emotions as well as
the emotions of the people who surround them. Individuals with an elevated degree of
emotional intelligence understand what their emotions mean and how their emotions can
impact others. Leaders must have a high degree of emotional intelligence to promote peaceful
co-existence among their followers (Pirson & Keir, 2018). For instance, even though
Mandela was sad with the apartheid regime, he still fought for the retaining of the rugby
name and emblem.
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Moreover, before leaders make any decisions, they should be self-aware of their
decision, regulate themselves by knowing their values, holding themselves accountable, and
practice calmness, and they should be self-motivated by working consistently towards
achieving their goals (Pirson & Keir, 2018). Emotional intelligence also enables leaders to
practice empathy. Empathy is essential in managing followers and making an informed
decision because it enables leaders to put themselves in one’s shoes to help them understand
the impact of the decision they are planning to make.
Lessons from the Invictus Movie to Better Leadership Skills
The movie portrays an extraordinary victory of South Africans against racism and the
apartheid regime. According to Mandela, bringing fruition is not the faint of heart, an
implication that a leader should motivate followers by warranting them that they are capable
of doing beyond their mentality of what is possible (Pirson & Keir, 2018). The movie inspires
people to believe in themselves for the betterment of the entire country, leaders should see
beyond the horizon, and facilitate its achievement. For any leader to make followers believe
in the transformational process, they must make the change real by creating a reminder to
them. For instance, they should print T-shirts and posters to remind the people on the insight
of the organizational vision. Secondly, leaders must identify change and keep people in check
(Arora et al., 2018). Organizations do not change, but people change, so for the country to
achieve its peaceful cohesion and thrive economically, politically, and socially, people must
account for their behaviors.
The movie also teaches on performing the unexpected by listening to them because
when a leader marginalized followers without listening to their complaints, they become
resistant. A leader should find ways of reaching the divided parties and establishing a
common ground (Arora et al., 2018). Moreover, be patient with those who are reluctant to
adapt to the change, rather than abandoning them because individuals differ on how they
Showing Page:
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9
perceive situations and change. Lastly, a leader should walk the talk to ensure fulfillment of
the set objectives. In case a leader fails to abide by their goals, followers quickly abandon the
commitments.
Conclusion
Invictus movie explains the responsibilities Nelson Mandela put upon himself to
transform South Africa which was suffering under the apartheid regime. Mandela employs
the use of the symbol, National rugby team, to bridge the rift between the Whites and the
Afrikaans. Even though many were at first not pleased with his intention, he never gave up
and vowed to continue fighting until his last days. For the blacks who were bitter due to
minority white rule, Mandela urged them to forgive because forgiveness liberates the heart.
Mandela showed a transformational and transactional leadership style. All leaders should
aspire to be kind, honest, forgiving, and charismatic to transform the world and their various
organizations.
Showing Page:
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10
References
Arora, P., Tedeschi, G. A., & Rovenpor, J. L. (2018). Broadening the frame around
sustainability with holistic language: Mandela and Invictus. Humanistic Management
Journal, 3(2), 233251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-018-0051-0
Niemiec, R. M. (2020). Character strengths cinematherapy: Using movies to inspire change,
meaning, and cinematic elevation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 76(8), 14471462.
https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22997
Pirson, M., & Keir, J. (2018). Humanistic management: A universalist perspective based on a
world ethos. Humanistic Management Journal, 3(2), 141145.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-018-0052-z

Unformatted Attachment Preview

1 Leadership Reflection Based on the Invictus Movie Student’s Name Institutional Affiliations Course Code Instructor’s Name Date 2 Leadership Reflection Based on the Invictus Movie Invictus is an inspirational film based on the true story of the former president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, and his continuous attempt to unity South Africans. His vision as newly elected president was to eliminate racism and solve most of the adverse challenges impacting his nation. Therefore, he attempts to unite the people through rugby to bridge the gaps between the Whites and the Afrikaners. Leadership is a vital element in societal growth and development, and any leader must ascribe to have qualities of a good leader. For instance, a leader should be transformative flexible, and show concern in team dynamics, alongside being transactional. Therefore, this essay addresses the strength and weaknesses of good leadership based on the film Invictus. Good leadership unites and transforms people’s mindsets to achieve the national goals of promoting cohesion among the population. The first scene is where Morgan freeman takes the formidable challenge of redefining or transforming how South Africans viewed the Springboks. Previously, the Springboks were a symbol of apartheid and oppression because white players dominated the Springbok team, and black South Africans depicted the ‘white team’ as just another apartheid mechanism reminder (Pirson & Keir, 2018). Furthermore, Morgan Freeman faces strong opposition from the sports council to change the name Springbok to Protease. However, he stands still and convinces the council to retain the name and the emblem because there was no time for trivial revenge but, time to unite the nation (Pirson & Keir, 2018). The last scene is where he selects both the Afrikaners and the whites to form the security team. The weakness of good leadership is over-determination and enthusiasm to the extent of making wrong decisions. For instan2018ce, Francois is very determined until he becomes very passive in the way he leads his team. His determination to win made him force players to drink awful bear as a punishment. He fails to recognize the importance of encouraging players until Mandela teaches him about leadership. 3 The scenes identify with transformational leadership where followers are stirred beyond their self-interest through intellectual stimulation, idealized influence, individualized consideration, and inspiration. Freeman inspires his followers through his strong vision and focuses on transforming the country. President Mandela's Character Traits that Shows He's a Good Leader First President Mandela is a people-oriented leader who practices equality in his office without any sort of prejudice. For instance, he balances the aspirations of the white population's fear and that of the black people who have been oppressed by racism. He encourages white staff working in the presidential office, thus removing their fear of operating under the new regime. Mandela also had a self-awareness quality because he understood that he must eradicate racism, and he had to be the change. He stands out for change by putting aside his grudges and working towards integrity. For example, he knows that forgiveness liberates the soul. Additionally, he is a very strategic and thoughtful leader who deeply understood teamswork's power of teamwor which is only attainable through working towards a common goal. Mandela is trustworthy, humble, and down-to-earth. His words align with his actions, he does not only give inspirational speeches, but he also abides by them. For instance, in one scene, he takes time to thank people who were waving national flags, despite the overwhelming security threats. He pours tea for himself rather than waiting to be served, and he takes his time to identify everyone in the team, crediting them required recognition, and wishing them good luck before the tournament begins is an implication that he is humble. Lastly, he is a charismatic leader who inspires to positively change, for instance, he invites Francois over a cup of tea to discuss team leadership. Francois's Character Traits that Show He's a Good Leader 4 Francois is a transactional leader because he guides and motivates his followers towards the established goals by clarifying tasks and roles requirements. For instance, initially before meeting Mandela, he had no clue on how to efficiently manage the team to regain the country’s trust. He was passive in the way he led his team because his philosophy on leadership was to lead by example and this made him employ ruthless standards like making the team taste awful bear as a reminder of the defeat taste. However, after meeting with Mandela, he changed his leadership philosophy and started listening to players’ complaints. For instance, he tells the players that he would not forward their complaints to the management, but he conveys them to change as they are more than just the rugby team. He further involves an active management-by-exception style to ensure that his team practices well to win the tournament. He further devises winning strategies by enlightening the team on their opponent’s strengths and weaknesses to attain the title championship. For instance, he motivates the team during the finals to hear the nation’s voice. This circumstance indicates that Francois was reasonably effective and satisfying, and he further added substantial leadership aspects to affect the victory. The Essence of Leadership According to President Mandela’s Actions and Statements Leadership requires commitment, setting of clear goals, and participation in bringing change. A leader should move from a comfortable command and control approach to uncomfortable requirements of becoming a facilitator, educator, transformation, transaction, and dynamic leader who placed people’s interests above his ego, grudges, and self-interests. When leaders realize the cause of the fighting, they should be passionate, as passion facilitates perseverance (Arora et al., 2018). Even though Mandela was opposed to the white minority policies, he led a non-violent against the apartheid regime. He was faced with many challenges like rejection by his people, but his passion for change was more essential to him 5 than his shame and bitterness for failure. He stated that struggle is his life and he was not going to give up until the end of his days. Leaders require to understand the people they are dealing with, especially during organizational change. Mandela believed that leadership requires the use of human sometimes rather than political ones to stop the cycle of fear between the antagonizing sides (Arora et al., 2018). By trying to bring a radical change in his country on how blacks and whites were viewing each other, he built a team containing both whites and blacks, alongside security manpower having individuals from both communities. Lastly, leadership requires symbols to unite people, for instance, Mandela established a national rugby team to symbolize national unity which later unite the two communities in celebration of the country’s victory. Meaning of the Poem Invictus to Mandela and South Africans The poem reminded Nelson Mandela of the importance of not giving up despite the presenting adverse challenges. Even though he was imprisoned for 27 years, his vision of unifying his people and eradicating racism never faded (Pirson & Keir, 2018). He forgave and forget the wrongs of minority whites’ apartheid regime by letting his soul remain unconquered, he never let his bloody head bow, but he remained the master of himself and the captain of his soul. The poem enabled him to balance the aspirations of both communities. South Africans are currently faced with economic issues like increased rates of unemployment and funds embezzlement. Other challenges facing the country includes poor leadership accompanied by nepotism. The poem should remind the South Africans of the importance of non-violent fighting for their rights as citizens, electing worthy leaders, and pressurizing law courts to apprehend those found guilty of corruption. The results may not be 6 achieved within the shortest period, but the citizens should aspire for change and enlighten the young generation on the impacts of cohesion and fighting corruption. Reasons Why Leaders Should Unite their Followers Even in Hardship Times Adversities such as hunger, unemployment and gender inequality translate into violence, high mortality rates, poverty, and hatred. As a leader, it is important to stand still and encourage followers to establish cohesion and forgiveness in times of hardships (Pirson & Keir, 2018). Encouraging followers will enable them to work together towards a common goal of fighting the situation. Moreover, standing with them and uniting them creates a conducive environment that facilitates utilization of the scarce resources. When communities are divided, they continuously scramble over resources that can generally benefit all of them, and this results in hatred and divisive politics. Additionally, uniting followers’ results in the creation of an open-minded society that generates innovative policies that can lead to a sustainable solution to the presenting challenge and figure out ways to curb the situation. When communities are divided, individuals keep their ideas that can generate an immediate and sustainable solution to the problem. Unity facilitates research for epidemics like diseases, drought, and famine. It further enables the transfer of skills and knowledge from one individual to the other. Unity brings a change in the mindset of followers by enabling them to believe in the country’s vision of a friendly and peaceful nation. Impacts of Team's Performance on the Larger Institution (like a nation) and how this Performance can transcend into a Form of Leadership. Nationalism feeling is indispensable to nation-building ideas. Apart from religion which has been poised as the opium of the masses, sporting activities bind people together and initiate a feeling of patriotism and unity that can curtail regional factionalism and 7 eradicate the design of various separatist forces (Niemiec, 2020). Sports build and define nations’ character by elevating qualities like discipline, passion, teamwork, and determination. For, instance, sports have led to the improvement of a healthy nation and people who participate in sporting activities are less likely to be at risk of complications associated with sedentary lifestyles like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Additionally, sports performance helps guide youths towards a positive direction. For instance, sports have been essential in reducing violence, drug and alcohol abuse, robbery cases, and teenage pregnancies among youths especially, those living in slums. Sports enhance a global sense of belonging and act as goodwill to countries in need. For instance, many sport’s activities have been held to curb gender discrimination and inequality, corruption, infections, and disease control. Many international teams have contributed to countries affected by natural calamities and diseases. Sports performance involve working as a team and promoting each other’s skills despite their ideological differences. It also includes being humble, open-minded, flexible, and disciplined, thus changing one’s mindset of the way they view one another. When one abides by the fore-mentioned aspects of performance, they become transactional, transformational, and consider people dynamics which are great aspects of leadership. Ways in which Emotional Intelligence Plays a Role in the Characters' Decisions. Emotional intelligence is the ability of individuals to manage their emotions as well as the emotions of the people who surround them. Individuals with an elevated degree of emotional intelligence understand what their emotions mean and how their emotions can impact others. Leaders must have a high degree of emotional intelligence to promote peaceful co-existence among their followers (Pirson & Keir, 2018). For instance, even though Mandela was sad with the apartheid regime, he still fought for the retaining of the rugby name and emblem. 8 Moreover, before leaders make any decisions, they should be self-aware of their decision, regulate themselves by knowing their values, holding themselves accountable, and practice calmness, and they should be self-motivated by working consistently towards achieving their goals (Pirson & Keir, 2018). Emotional intelligence also enables leaders to practice empathy. Empathy is essential in managing followers and making an informed decision because it enables leaders to put themselves in one’s shoes to help them understand the impact of the decision they are planning to make. Lessons from the Invictus Movie to Better Leadership Skills The movie portrays an extraordinary victory of South Africans against racism and the apartheid regime. According to Mandela, bringing fruition is not the faint of heart, an implication that a leader should motivate followers by warranting them that they are capable of doing beyond their mentality of what is possible (Pirson & Keir, 2018). The movie inspires people to believe in themselves for the betterment of the entire country, leaders should see beyond the horizon, and facilitate its achievement. For any leader to make followers believe in the transformational process, they must make the change real by creating a reminder to them. For instance, they should print T-shirts and posters to remind the people on the insight of the organizational vision. Secondly, leaders must identify change and keep people in check (Arora et al., 2018). Organizations do not change, but people change, so for the country to achieve its peaceful cohesion and thrive economically, politically, and socially, people must account for their behaviors. The movie also teaches on performing the unexpected by listening to them because when a leader marginalized followers without listening to their complaints, they become resistant. A leader should find ways of reaching the divided parties and establishing a common ground (Arora et al., 2018). Moreover, be patient with those who are reluctant to adapt to the change, rather than abandoning them because individuals differ on how they 9 perceive situations and change. Lastly, a leader should walk the talk to ensure fulfillment of the set objectives. In case a leader fails to abide by their goals, followers quickly abandon the commitments. Conclusion Invictus movie explains the responsibilities Nelson Mandela put upon himself to transform South Africa which was suffering under the apartheid regime. Mandela employs the use of the symbol, National rugby team, to bridge the rift between the Whites and the Afrikaans. Even though many were at first not pleased with his intention, he never gave up and vowed to continue fighting until his last days. For the blacks who were bitter due to minority white rule, Mandela urged them to forgive because forgiveness liberates the heart. Mandela showed a transformational and transactional leadership style. All leaders should aspire to be kind, honest, forgiving, and charismatic to transform the world and their various organizations. 10 References Arora, P., Tedeschi, G. A., & Rovenpor, J. L. (2018). Broadening the frame around sustainability with holistic language: Mandela and Invictus. Humanistic Management Journal, 3(2), 233–251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-018-0051-0 Niemiec, R. M. (2020). Character strengths cinematherapy: Using movies to inspire change, meaning, and cinematic elevation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 76(8), 1447–1462. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22997 Pirson, M., & Keir, J. (2018). Humanistic management: A universalist perspective based on a world ethos. Humanistic Management Journal, 3(2), 141–145. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-018-0052-z Name: Description: ...
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