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Topic of Assignment
Application of Research Methodologies for Hydroproject Implimentation
Outline
Research:
Social Research
Porpose of Research
Process of Research
Research Methodologies:
Qualitative Approach
Quantitative Approach
Research Methodology for Hydroproject
Process of Research:
Base Line
Methodology
National Laws
International Laws
World Bank Group
References
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Topic of Assignment
Application of Research Methodologies for Hydroproject Implimentation
Research:
The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish
facts and reach new conclusions.
Social Research:
The objective of academic research, whether by sociologists, political scientists, or
anthropologists, is to try to find answers to theoretical questions within their respective fields. In
contrast, the objective of applied social research is to use data so that decisions can be made.
Herbert J. Rubin, Applied Social Research.
USE OF RESEARCH
Basic
Applied
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH
Explore
Describe
Explain
DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES
Quantitative Data
• Experiment
• Survey
• Nonreactive (content analysis, secondary analysis, existing statistics)
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Qualitative Data
• Field (ethnography, participant observation)
• Historical-comparitive
Process Of Research:
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Research Methodologies
QUANTITATIVE APPROACH
Measure objective facts
Focus on variables
Reliability the key factor
Value free
Separate theory and data
Independent of context
Many cases, subjects
Statistical analysis
Researcher detached
QUALITATIVE APPROACH
Construct social reality, cultural meaning
Focus on interactive processes, events
Authenticity the key factor
Values present and explicit
Theory and data fused
Situationally constrained
Few cases, subjects
Thematic analysis
Researcher involved
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