Showing Page:
1/5
EARTH SCIENCE
SUMMATIVE TEST
Name:___________ Year/Strand/Section:_____________Date:_________Score:_____
DIRECTION: Chose only the CAPITAL LETTER of the correct answer. Write your answer
on a piece of INTERMEDIATE PAD or on the space provide after the number if you want
to print the test paper.
1. _____ What type of rock/s usually undergo cross- cutting on rock
layers?
A. Igneous Rock B. Metamorphic Rock C. Sedimentary Rock
D. Stratified Rock
2. _____ If an igneous rock A crosscuts sedimentary rock B, what will be
the relative age/position of igneous rock A?
A. Igneous rock A will be on top of rock B.
B. Igneous rock A is older than sedimentary rock B.
C. Igneous rock A is younger than sedimentary rock B.
D. Igneous rock A is at the same age with sedimentary rock B.
3._____ When sedimentary rocks deposited in flat layers are left
undisturbed it follows the statement in which of the given principles?
A. Cross-cutting Relationship
B. Fauna Succession C. Original Horizontality D.
Superposition
4._____ What makes index fossils useful in identifying the relative age of
rocks?
A. They are short-lived. B. They are radioactive. C. They
are old enough to be analyzed.
D. They are present in both young and older rocks.
5._____ Which type of conformities state that sedimentary rocks, when
tilted or folded, are overlain by more flat- lying layer of rock?
A. Angular Conformity B. Disconformity C.
Nonconformity D. Inclusion
6._____ Which type of dating method can be used on rock layers by
applying the Law of Superposition?
A. Absolute Dating B. Relative Dating C. Radioactive
Dating D. Radiometric Dating
7.____ Which was the first method used to determine ages of rock and
fossils?
A. Absolute Dating B. Relative Dating C. Radioactive
Dating D. Radiometric Dating
8.____ What is the difference between an absolute date and a relative
date?
A. An absolute date refers to a year or a range of years while a
relative date indicates a chronological order.
B. A relative date is derived from radiometric dating techniques
while an absolute date comes from guesswork.
C. A relative date refers to a year or a range of years while an
absolute date indicates a chronological order.
D. An absolute date involves testing of sedimentary rocks while
relative date involves testing of igneous rocks.
9._____ What method of rock dating is used in giving rocks an actual
date?
A. Absolute Dating B. Geological Dating C. Historical
Dating D. Relative Dating
Showing Page:
2/5
10.____ Which of the following is NOT true about Relative Dating?
A. quantitative method of dating
B. principles to recognize the relative ages of rocks
C. used to arrange geological events and the rocks they leave
behind in sequence
D. used stratigraphy method (oldest found at the bottom and
youngest at the top)
11._____ Which of the following statements best describe principle of
horizontality?
A. sediment usually accumulates in horizontal layers.
B. sediment usually accumulates in tilted layers.
C. sediment usually accumulates in alternating rocks.
D. sediment usually accumulates in rounded pile.
12.____ Which of the following makes use of the position of rocks to
determine its age?
A. Relative Dating B. Absolute Dating C. Historical Dating
D. Geological Dating
13._____ If geological time will be recognized, which method is primarily
used?
A. Calculation of alpha decay of isotopes. B. Calculation of
beta decay of isotopes.
C. Correlation of rock types across vast.
D. Distances correlation of magnetic signatures in rocks.
14.____ Which of the following era is sometimes called “the age of fish” or
“ancient life”?
A. Cenozoic B. Mesozoic C. Paleozoic
D. Precambrian
15._____ What will be the sequence of division in the geologic time scale,
if the order of position is from shortest to longest?
A. era, period, epoch B. epoch, period, era C. period, epoch,
era D. epoch, era, period
16._____ Scientists use a criterion to decide where to place the
boundaries between the major divisions of the geologic time scale.
They consider major changes. Where can these major changes be found?
A. written in the fossil record B. occurring in the solar
system
C. in structure of the Earth’s layer D. in the arrangement of the
continent
17._____ In which division in the geologic time scale did the continents
come together to form the supercontinent called Pangaea?
A. Paleozoic Era B. Cenozoic Era C. Triassic Period
D. Jurassic Period
18._____ How will you describe the arrangement of the rock in the
geologic time scale?
A. They arranged an absolute dating.
B. They are based on its composition.
C. They are based on relative dating.
D. They are arranged in decades and centuries.
19._____ What makes fossils essential to scientists and the history of the
Earth?
A. It predicts what organisms will become extinct.
B. It analyzes the composition of sedimentary rock
C. It describes the history of past life and environment.
D. It presents the temperature of the oceans in different depths.
20._____ What is a potentially damaging physical event, phenomenon or
human activity that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage,
social and economic disruption or environmental degradation?
A. eutrophication B. geologic hazard C. landslide
D. poisonous gases
Showing Page:
3/5
21.____ Which of the following describes the vibration of the ground
during an earthquake?
A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction
D. tsunami
22.____ What do you call the hazard where giant waves move at speeds of
up to 500 miles an hour and reach heights of hundreds of feet?
A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction
D. tsunami
23.____ What is the process during earthquake shaking where sand and
silt grains in wet soil are rearranged and the water in the spaces between
the grains are squeezed?
A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction
D. tsunami
24._____ What refers to the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from
a mountain or cliff?
A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction
D. tsunami
25.____ What natural hazard is involved when rock underground
suddenly breaks along a fault causing tectonic movement?
A. cyclone B. earthquake C. hurricane
D. volcanic eruption
26.____ What natural hazard has the effects of reshaping new land,
debris avalanche, destroyed forests, and death to many animals?
A. earthquake B. hurricane C. tsunami
D. volcanic eruption
27.____ What occurs when large amount of water quickly overflows a
boundary?
A. flash flood B. regular flood C. landslide
D. tsunami
28.____ What causes an earthquake?
A. glacier B. landslide C. very large storm
D. a movement along fault
29.____ Which of the following is NOT a natural hazard?
A. earthquake B. house fire C. hurricane
D. tsunami
30.____ Which of the following is an example geologic hazard?
A. earthquakes B. climate change C. deforestation
D. mining
31._____ Which of the following maps is used to identify a place that is
prone to disaster?
A. hazard B. physical C. resource D.
topographic
32._____ How do you classify climate- and weather-related hazards?
A. anthropogenic B. biological C. chemical D.
natural
33._____ Which of the following geologic features makes the provinces of
La Union and Pangasinan are at risk to earthquakes? A. Iba Fault B.
Lianga Fault C. Manila Fault D. Tablas Fault
34._____ Which of the following provinces has the highest risk of volcanic
eruptions based on the DENR and Manila observatory report?
A. Bataan B. Camiguin C. Laguna
D. Sorsogon
35._____ Where can you find the Ring of Fire?
A. Arctic Ocean B. Atlantic Ocean C. Indian Ocean
D. Pacific Ocean
36._____ Which among the following provinces has a low risk of flooding?
A. Bulacan B. Maguindanao C. Marinduque D. Tarlac
37._____ What makes Palawan an ideal province to live in relation to
hydrometeorological hazard?
Showing Page:
4/5
A. high risk both in typhoon and flood B. low risk both
in typhoon and flood
C. high risk in typhoon but low risk in flood D. low risk in
typhoon but high risk in flood
38._____ Which of the following is MOST likely to be affected by a
typhoon that originated from the West Philippine Sea and is moving
northeast?
A. Albay B. Palawan C. Zamboanga D. Negros
Occidental
39._____ Why is the Philippines frequently visited by typhoons all year-
round? Because it is
A. highly populated B. composed mostly of
islands
C. located near the Pacific Ocean D. near the western
hemisphere
40._____ Samer would like to settle in a province that is LEAST prone to
typhoons and floods, which among the following provinces will be a good
option?
A. Albay B. Palawan C. Tarlac
D. Pampanga
41._____ What refers to the rising of seawater due to pressure and wind
associated with a storm?
A. crustal movement B. storm surge C. tides
D. waves
42._____ Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about coastal
processes?
A. Beach is prone to erosion. B. Erosion only occurs
in the upland areas.
C. Wind is a contributory factor to storm surge. D. Ocean waves
cause water to move in the seashore.
43._____ Which of the following is NOT a coastal hazard?
A. coastal erosion B. landslide C. saltwater
intrusion D. submersion
44._____ What is described as an induced flow of seawater into
freshwater aquifers primarily caused by groundwater development near
the coast?
A. coastal erosion B. saltwater intrusion C. storm surge
D. submersion
45.____ Which of the following is NOT an agent of coastal erosion?
A. land pollution B. ocean waves C. storms
D. tides
46._____ Which of the following DOES NOT ensure effective management
of saltwater intrusion cases?
A. construction of seawalls
B. monitoring of coastal activities
C. assessment of coastal areas regularly
D. regulation of human activities along coastal zone
47._____ Which method are you going to use when there is a need to add
a large amount of sand to the coast?
A. beach promotion B. beach nourishment
C. sand bag installation D. seawalls construction
48._____ One of your classmates is living in a coastal area of the
community. You found out that this coastal area is already polluted.
What activity can you suggest to mitigate the said problem?
A. acoustic concert
B. coastal clean-up drive
C. population control campaign
D. recollection and reflection among the community
49.______ Your house is located in a coastal area. You notice that waves
are already damaging the shore near the fence of the house especially
Showing Page:
5/5
during high tide and monsoon seasons. What can be constructed to
mitigate the said problem of your house?
A. artificial water recharge B. beach dewatering C.
breakwater D. sea wall
50._____What will you construct to prevent the further advancement of
saltwater if already present in the coastal areas?
A. beach nourishment B. beach dewatering C.
breakwaters D. sand bags

Unformatted Attachment Preview

EARTH SCIENCE SUMMATIVE TEST Name:___________ Year/Strand/Section:_____________Date:_________Score:_____ DIRECTION: Chose only the CAPITAL LETTER of the correct answer. Write your answer on a piece of INTERMEDIATE PAD or on the space provide after the number if you want to print the test paper. 1. _____ What type of rock/s usually undergo cross- cutting on rock layers? A. Igneous Rock B. Metamorphic Rock C. Sedimentary Rock D. Stratified Rock 2. _____ If an igneous rock A crosscuts sedimentary rock B, what will be the relative age/position of igneous rock A? A. Igneous rock A will be on top of rock B. B. Igneous rock A is older than sedimentary rock B. C. Igneous rock A is younger than sedimentary rock B. D. Igneous rock A is at the same age with sedimentary rock B. 3._____ When sedimentary rocks deposited in flat layers are left undisturbed it follows the statement in which of the given principles? A. Cross-cutting Relationship B. Fauna Succession C. Original Horizontality D. Superposition 4._____ What makes index fossils useful in identifying the relative age of rocks? A. They are short-lived. B. They are radioactive. C. They are old enough to be analyzed. D. They are present in both young and older rocks. 5._____ Which type of conformities state that sedimentary rocks, when tilted or folded, are overlain by more flat- lying layer of rock? A. Angular Conformity B. Disconformity C. Nonconformity D. Inclusion 6._____ Which type of dating method can be used on rock layers by applying the Law of Superposition? A. Absolute Dating B. Relative Dating C. Radioactive Dating D. Radiometric Dating 7.____ Which was the first method used to determine ages of rock and fossils? A. Absolute Dating B. Relative Dating C. Radioactive Dating D. Radiometric Dating 8.____ What is the difference between an absolute date and a relative date? A. An absolute date refers to a year or a range of years while a relative date indicates a chronological order. B. A relative date is derived from radiometric dating techniques while an absolute date comes from guesswork. C. A relative date refers to a year or a range of years while an absolute date indicates a chronological order. D. An absolute date involves testing of sedimentary rocks while relative date involves testing of igneous rocks. 9._____ What method of rock dating is used in giving rocks an actual date? A. Absolute Dating B. Geological Dating C. Historical Dating D. Relative Dating 10.____ Which of the following is NOT true about Relative Dating? A. quantitative method of dating B. principles to recognize the relative ages of rocks C. used to arrange geological events and the rocks they leave behind in sequence D. used stratigraphy method (oldest found at the bottom and youngest at the top) 11._____ Which of the following statements best describe principle of horizontality? A. sediment usually accumulates in horizontal layers. B. sediment usually accumulates in tilted layers. C. sediment usually accumulates in alternating rocks. D. sediment usually accumulates in rounded pile. 12.____ Which of the following makes use of the position of rocks to determine its age? A. Relative Dating B. Absolute Dating C. Historical Dating D. Geological Dating 13._____ If geological time will be recognized, which method is primarily used? A. Calculation of alpha decay of isotopes. B. Calculation of beta decay of isotopes. C. Correlation of rock types across vast. D. Distances correlation of magnetic signatures in rocks. 14.____ Which of the following era is sometimes called “the age of fish” or “ancient life”? A. Cenozoic B. Mesozoic C. Paleozoic D. Precambrian 15._____ What will be the sequence of division in the geologic time scale, if the order of position is from shortest to longest? A. era, period, epoch B. epoch, period, era C. period, epoch, era D. epoch, era, period 16._____ Scientists use a criterion to decide where to place the boundaries between the major divisions of the geologic time scale. They consider major changes. Where can these major changes be found? A. written in the fossil record B. occurring in the solar system C. in structure of the Earth’s layer D. in the arrangement of the continent 17._____ In which division in the geologic time scale did the continents come together to form the supercontinent called Pangaea? A. Paleozoic Era B. Cenozoic Era C. Triassic Period D. Jurassic Period 18._____ How will you describe the arrangement of the rock in the geologic time scale? A. They arranged an absolute dating. B. They are based on its composition. C. They are based on relative dating. D. They are arranged in decades and centuries. 19._____ What makes fossils essential to scientists and the history of the Earth? A. It predicts what organisms will become extinct. B. It analyzes the composition of sedimentary rock C. It describes the history of past life and environment. D. It presents the temperature of the oceans in different depths. 20._____ What is a potentially damaging physical event, phenomenon or human activity that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation? A. eutrophication B. geologic hazard C. landslide D. poisonous gases 21.____ Which of the following describes the vibration of the ground during an earthquake? A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction D. tsunami 22.____ What do you call the hazard where giant waves move at speeds of up to 500 miles an hour and reach heights of hundreds of feet? A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction D. tsunami 23.____ What is the process during earthquake shaking where sand and silt grains in wet soil are rearranged and the water in the spaces between the grains are squeezed? A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction D. tsunami 24._____ What refers to the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff? A. ground shaking B. landslides C. liquefaction D. tsunami 25.____ What natural hazard is involved when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault causing tectonic movement? A. cyclone B. earthquake C. hurricane D. volcanic eruption 26.____ What natural hazard has the effects of reshaping new land, debris avalanche, destroyed forests, and death to many animals? A. earthquake B. hurricane C. tsunami D. volcanic eruption 27.____ What occurs when large amount of water quickly overflows a boundary? A. flash flood B. regular flood C. landslide D. tsunami 28.____ What causes an earthquake? A. glacier B. landslide C. very large storm D. a movement along fault 29.____ Which of the following is NOT a natural hazard? A. earthquake B. house fire C. hurricane D. tsunami 30.____ Which of the following is an example geologic hazard? A. earthquakes B. climate change C. deforestation D. mining 31._____ Which of the following maps is used to identify a place that is prone to disaster? A. hazard B. physical C. resource D. topographic 32._____ How do you classify climate- and weather-related hazards? A. anthropogenic B. biological C. chemical D. natural 33._____ Which of the following geologic features makes the provinces of La Union and Pangasinan are at risk to earthquakes? A. Iba Fault B. Lianga Fault C. Manila Fault D. Tablas Fault 34._____ Which of the following provinces has the highest risk of volcanic eruptions based on the DENR and Manila observatory report? A. Bataan B. Camiguin C. Laguna D. Sorsogon 35._____ Where can you find the Ring of Fire? A. Arctic Ocean B. Atlantic Ocean C. Indian Ocean D. Pacific Ocean 36._____ Which among the following provinces has a low risk of flooding? A. Bulacan B. Maguindanao C. Marinduque D. Tarlac 37._____ What makes Palawan an ideal province to live in relation to hydrometeorological hazard? A. high risk both in typhoon and flood B. low risk both in typhoon and flood C. high risk in typhoon but low risk in flood D. low risk in typhoon but high risk in flood 38._____ Which of the following is MOST likely to be affected by a typhoon that originated from the West Philippine Sea and is moving northeast? A. Albay B. Palawan C. Zamboanga D. Negros Occidental 39._____ Why is the Philippines frequently visited by typhoons all yearround? Because it is A. highly populated B. composed mostly of islands C. located near the Pacific Ocean D. near the western hemisphere 40._____ Samer would like to settle in a province that is LEAST prone to typhoons and floods, which among the following provinces will be a good option? A. Albay B. Palawan C. Tarlac D. Pampanga 41._____ What refers to the rising of seawater due to pressure and wind associated with a storm? A. crustal movement B. storm surge C. tides D. waves 42._____ Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about coastal processes? A. Beach is prone to erosion. B. Erosion only occurs in the upland areas. C. Wind is a contributory factor to storm surge. D. Ocean waves cause water to move in the seashore. 43._____ Which of the following is NOT a coastal hazard? A. coastal erosion B. landslide C. saltwater intrusion D. submersion 44._____ What is described as an induced flow of seawater into freshwater aquifers primarily caused by groundwater development near the coast? A. coastal erosion B. saltwater intrusion C. storm surge D. submersion 45.____ Which of the following is NOT an agent of coastal erosion? A. land pollution B. ocean waves C. storms D. tides 46._____ Which of the following DOES NOT ensure effective management of saltwater intrusion cases? A. construction of seawalls B. monitoring of coastal activities C. assessment of coastal areas regularly D. regulation of human activities along coastal zone 47._____ Which method are you going to use when there is a need to add a large amount of sand to the coast? A. beach promotion B. beach nourishment C. sand bag installation D. seawalls construction 48._____ One of your classmates is living in a coastal area of the community. You found out that this coastal area is already polluted. What activity can you suggest to mitigate the said problem? A. acoustic concert B. coastal clean-up drive C. population control campaign D. recollection and reflection among the community 49.______ Your house is located in a coastal area. You notice that waves are already damaging the shore near the fence of the house especially during high tide and monsoon seasons. What can be constructed to mitigate the said problem of your house? A. artificial water recharge B. beach dewatering C. breakwater D. sea wall 50._____What will you construct to prevent the further advancement of saltwater if already present in the coastal areas? A. beach nourishment B. beach dewatering C. breakwaters D. sand bags Name: Description: ...
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.
Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4