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Here the student should be able to give specific information, reproduce in writing what is heard.
To give general opinion about a text he/she has read and give a general theme/idea /meaning of a
text heard.
The student should do that by reading the text based on a variety of issues including
challenges facing the youth in relation to HIV/AIDS, form of child labour and effect of
drug abuse in society
Affect reading the text, the student should be able to respond to different questions about
the text he/she has read. And also she/he should know vocabularies used in the text such
as symptoms , virus ,infection ,transmit , prolong ,ill treat , HIV etc
Vocabularies in HIV/AIDS TEXT
HIV - Human Immune Deficiency Virus
AIDS- Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus
Stigma - segregating HIV Victims
Syringes - A plastic or glass tube with a long hollow needle that is used for putting drugs into a
person’s body
Virus - A living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope that causes infections disease
in people
Lazar blades - A thin shape piece of metal that is used in a razor symptoms
Language Use
Since and for
Since is used for point of time and for is used for period of time in perfect tense.
i) They have eaten nothing since yesterday.
ii) We have eaten nothing for two days.
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iii) Aisha has been ill since last week.
iv) She has been ill for two weeks.
v) We have stayed here for two weeks.
vi) You have stayed here since the previous weeks.
vii) John left the country for ever.
viii) He has been out of the country for many years ago.
From and Since
From is used for both time and place. Since is used for time only. From can indicate time in both
past and future; since indicates duration from a point of time in the past to the time of speaking.
i) He came straight from home.
ii) He was busy from 6 O’clock to 10 O’clock.
iii) Rehema has not eaten anything since morning.
iv) Jimmy has been here since he finished his university studies in 2005.
i) He has been in the office for only a few months, he has, however achieved more than any of
this predecessors.
ii) He will never pass however hard he may try.
iii) However beautiful you are, you will never get married
i) Poor as we may seem, we are still proud of our culture.
ii) As it is fine, I shall go out
iii) Much as he liked to travel, he could not afford the fare.
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i) Simon is as strong as Samson of the Holy Bible.
ii) Joyce is as healthy as her father.
iii) He promised to arrive at the seminar as early as possible.
In spite of
i) In spite of being angry, he listened to me.
ii) Annett cannot get a job, in spite of doing well at school.
iii) In spite of being sick, he passed all the exams.
NB: the correct form is “in spite”. This means that “in” and “spite” should be written as two
separate words and not as one word. So, it is incorrect to write “in spite” as one word.
So as
“So as” goes with the preposition “to” which is added at the end.
i) He studied thoroughly so as to pass the test.
ii) Agnes cooks delicious food so as to impress her boyfriend.
iii) James has visited his fiancée so as to discuss their marriage issues.
iv) They are playing vigorously so as to win the match.
So that
“So that” does not go with the preposition “to” instead it is followed by the personal pronouns or
i) He prepared supper so that the President could eat after the meeting.
ii) He studied thoroughly so that he could pass the test.
iii) They are playing vigorously so that they can win the match.
iv) Aisha cooks delicious food so that she may impress her boyfriend.
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