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Notes by.
Sir Samiullah Khoso
PAKTURK MAARIF INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL & COLLEGE
KHAIRPUR MIRS’
Class: 11 A, B, C
Science and Society
(Summary)
Three features in seventeenth century has marked the marvelous development in
science. The features are scientific attitude, invention of scientific instruments and
effective use of Mathematics.
The work of great scientists Newton demonstrate these three elements of modern
science. He brought about a great revolution in science and changed old beliefs. He
worked with modern method and applied his mathematical theories of scientific
research.
Two scientists can be change in their work of same physical phenomenon but
surely they will get same result because their instrument will give them same
result. Man is successful in solving scientific issues but pity that he has failed in
solving political and social issues. Science is trying its best to eradicate the evils of
poverty and disease from society. It has paid a lot towards the comfort of mankind.
It has nothing to do with values like happiness, goodness, beauty, courage, justice,
altruism, friendship, love of family and patriotism.
It is necessary to educate youth in modern science. Without education they will
find this world incomprehensible.
(Questions and Answers)
Q.1: What is difference between ‘objective thinking’ and ‘prejudiced thinking’?
Ans: ‘Objective thinking means aim oriented thinking. Reasoning scientifically is
objective way of thinking. The prejudiced thinking does not allow reasoning but it
follows the personal beliefs.
Q.2: Explain what is meant by the ‘university’ of science and mathematics?
Ans: If we give adequate professional training in the same field, two scientists
observing the same physical phenomena are likely to reach the same conclusion
about them, no matter what their race, religion or political creed is. In the same
their instrument will give same reading. This fact is called university of science
and mathematics.
Q.3: With what meaning is ‘values’ used in the above passage?
Ans: In the above passage the word ‘values’ has been used in the sense of moral
principles.
Q.4: Define ‘altruisms’?
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Notes by.
Sir Samiullah Khoso
Ans: ‘Altruism’ means unselfishness. A person who follows the principals of
altruism thinks about the happiness and well-being of other first.
Q.5: What is meant by ‘the humanities’?
Ans: ‘The humanities’ means classical and literary studies. The term is used to
denote such subjects which promote humanistic and moral values.
Q.6: In what period does the writer appear to place the beginning of modern
science?
Ans: The writer appears to place the beginning of modern science in the
seventeenth century.
Q.7: In one sentence state what three features in writer’s opinion are the most
important characteristics of modern science?
Ans: In writer’s opinion the most important characteristics of modern science are
objective reasoning, the invention of scientific instrument and effective use of
mathematics.
Q.8: The writers mentions four contributions made by science to the welfare of
society. What are they?
Ans: The four contributions made by science to the welfare of society are as under:
i) It has added enormously to the interest and comfort of modern living.
ii) It has been trying hard to diminish the social evils of poverty and disease.
iii) It has invented various instruments for observation and measurement.
iv) It has given people a scientific outlook.
Q.9: What is unusual about the construction of the last sentence in the last but one
paragraph?
Ans: It does not carry the verb. The construction has been used to clinch the
argument.
Q.10: The writer concludes by affirming that education should contain three
elements. What are they?
Ans: Three elements of good education according to writer are education of
modern science knowledge of human beliefs and training in religion and history.

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PAKTURK MAARIF INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL & COLLEGE KHAIRPUR MIRS’ Class: 11 A, B, C Science and Society (Summary) Three features in seventeenth century has marked the marvelous development in science. The features are scientific attitude, invention of scientific instruments and effective use of Mathematics. The work of great scientists Newton demonstrate these three elements of modern science. He brought about a great revolution in science and changed old beliefs. He worked with modern method and applied his mathematical theories of scientific research. Two scientists can be change in their work of same physical phenomenon but surely they will get same result because their instrument will give them same result. Man is successful in solving scientific issues but pity that he has failed in solving political and social issues. Science is trying its best to eradicate the evils of poverty and disease from society. It has paid a lot towards the comfort of mankind. It has nothing to do with values like happiness, goodness, beauty, courage, justice, altruism, friendship, love of family and patriotism. It is necessary to educate youth in modern science. Without education they will find this world incomprehensible. (Questions and Answers) Q.1: What is difference between ‘objective thinking’ and ‘prejudiced thinking’? Ans: ‘Objective thinking means aim oriented thinking. Reasoning scientifically is objective way of thinking. The prejudiced thinking does not allow reasoning but it follows the personal beliefs. Q.2: Explain what is meant by the ‘university’ of science and mathematics? Ans: If we give adequate professional training in the same field, two scientists observing the same physical phenomena are likely to reach the same conclusion about them, no matter what their race, religion or political creed is. In the same their instrument will give same reading. This fact is called university of science and mathematics. Q.3: With what meaning is ‘values’ used in the above passage? Ans: In the above passage the word ‘values’ has been used in the sense of moral principles. Q.4: Define ‘altruisms’? Notes by. Sir Samiullah Khoso Ans: ‘Altruism’ means unselfishness. A person who follows the principals of altruism thinks about the happiness and well-being of other first. Q.5: What is meant by ‘the humanities’? Ans: ‘The humanities’ means classical and literary studies. The term is used to denote such subjects which promote humanistic and moral values. Q.6: In what period does the writer appear to place the beginning of modern science? Ans: The writer appears to place the beginning of modern science in the seventeenth century. Q.7: In one sentence state what three features in writer’s opinion are the most important characteristics of modern science? Ans: In writer’s opinion the most important characteristics of modern science are objective reasoning, the invention of scientific instrument and effective use of mathematics. Q.8: The writers mentions four contributions made by science to the welfare of society. What are they? Ans: The four contributions made by science to the welfare of society are as under: i) It has added enormously to the interest and comfort of modern living. ii) It has been trying hard to diminish the social evils of poverty and disease. iii) It has invented various instruments for observation and measurement. iv) It has given people a scientific outlook. Q.9: What is unusual about the construction of the last sentence in the last but one paragraph? Ans: It does not carry the verb. The construction has been used to clinch the argument. Q.10: The writer concludes by affirming that education should contain three elements. What are they? Ans: Three elements of good education according to writer are education of modern science knowledge of human beliefs and training in religion and history. Notes by. Sir Samiullah Khoso Name: Description: ...
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