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My Nguyen
Philosophy 2220C
Professor: Kevin McShane
Due: Friday, 19
th
2021
Quiz #5: Globalization
1. In terms of globalization ethics, Peter Singer raised four issues: climate change, the role of
the WTO, human rights and humanitarian intervention, and foreign aid. However, I believe
that climate change and foreign aid are two ethical challenges that have arisen due to
globalization. First, he emphasized the production of carbon dioxide from the exhausts of
gas-guzzling SUVs, which causes issues such as pollution of the environment and climate
change. He mentions it because he believes the ethical issue in the case of climate change
involves a shared global resource which refers to the ability of the atmosphere to absorb
waste gases. As the report, scientists are gathering evidence that continuing to emit
greenhouse gases would endanger the lives of millions of people. Otherwise, the president
of the country that produces the most of these gases stated that they have no negative impact
on the economy because the people of America come first. Even though wealthy countries'
overconsumption of resources may be on the table, the US administration prioritizes the
interests of its people and refuses to negotiate. Their way of life will result in the deaths of
millions of people due to increasingly unpredictable weather, as well as the loss of land
used by tens of millions more as sea levels rise and local flooding worsens. As a result,
climate change and its causes pose critical ethical challenges during this period of
globalization. Furthermore, he discusses foreign aid activities as well as the ethical
challenges of globalization. Indeed, he discusses the world's wealthy nations'
responsibilities to assist the world’s needy. He said that because we live on one planet, it
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has long been morally wrong for rich countries not to have a global ethical position. It also
poses a threat to their security in the long term because we don't know whether other
nations may launch attacks on the rich nation’s sovereigns in the future. Taking with it, he
believed that "ethics appears to have developed from the behavior and feelings of social
mammals. It became distinct from anything we can observe in our closest nonhuman
relatives when we started using our reasoning abilities to justify our behavior to other
members of our group." It is considered that helping the impoverished and developing
countries is one way for social mammals to exhibit their behavior and feelings. Creating
an interdependent global society opens up incredible potential for connecting people
worldwide while also providing the material foundation for a new morality.
2. The Singer refers to Thomas Friedman's concept of "The Golden Straitjacket," which refers
to a set of policies that include liberalizing the economy's private sector, reducing
bureaucracy, keeping inflation low, and removing barriers to foreign investment. In other
words, this concept has two effects: economic growth and political downturn. Suppose a
country refuses to wear or tries to remove the Golden Straitjacket. In that case, the
electronic herdcurrency traders, stock and bond traders, and those who make investment
decisions for multinational corporationsmay gallop away, taking with them the
investment capital that countries require to maintain economic growth. When wealth is
internationally mobile, risks cause capital outflows to countries with comparable
investment opportunities and lower tax rates. However, the result for the nation that wore
the Golden Straitjacket is that as the economy grows and average affluence rises. Also, the
scope of politics may shrinkat least as long as no political party is willing to question the
assumption that global capitalism is the best economic system. When neither the
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administration nor the opposition is willing to risk removing the Golden Straitjacket, the
major political parties' differences are reduced to minor tweaks to the Straitjacket. As a
result, the global economy's expansion indicates a decline in nation-state dominance even
without the WTO.
3. In my opinion, there are several significant ethical difficulties associated with the COVID-
19 pandemic's impact on the global business. It begins with an examination of recent supply
chain issues. During a pandemic, it is severely hampered. Multiple national lockdowns
have slowed or even halted the supply of raw materials and finished goods, affecting global
manufacturing. It caused the global manufacturing enterprises do not produce enough
commodities for the community, resulting in a supply shortage. As a result, society
becomes chaotic when people have to compete to obtain all the necessary goods. Because
of the pandemic COVID-19, many businesses have experienced employee shortages and
losses. Moreover, due to border restrictions, many logistics companies have been forced to
halt operations temporarily. Hence, each government has established various assistance
programs to assist international businesses in operating. Along with that, governments have
put measures in place to help both employers and individuals who have lost their jobs due
to COVID-19. Again, the COVID-19 outbreak has precipitated a rare recession at a time
when global costs are rapidly increasing. If the cost of the materials used to manufacture a
product or service increases, a company might pass these costs on to customers in the form
of higher prices. People's incomes have been reduced due to activity restrictions, and price
increases have caused chaos in the social market and community. It is challenging for
multinational corporations to sell their goods and citizens to obtain the necessary supplies.
Some multinational corporations that manufacture necessities, on the other hand, use
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scarcity to drive up the price of their products. During this challenging time, I believe it is
morally unacceptable for businesses to engage in such behavior. Finally, when the
pandemic struck, some multinational corporations shifted production back to their home
countries to reduce production and transportation costs. Workers in the countries where the
corporations do business have lost their jobs due to this phenomenon.
4. Because we live in one world, wealthy countries, in my opinion, have committed grave
moral blunders by failing to take a global ethical stance. Because of this reason, I believe
that they have an ethical obligation to provide free or low-cost vaccines to poor and
developing countries. As the idea claimed in the article, ethics appears to have developed
from the behavior and feelings of social mammals. It became distinct from anything we
can observe in our closest nonhuman relatives when we started using our reasoning abilities
to justify our behavior to other members of our group.” As far as I understand it, ethics
occurs when we help others for no apparent reason. Thus, one of the actions that the rich
nations can express human mercy in this society is assisting other countries by providing
free or low-cost vaccines. Furthermore, when wealthy countries help the poor and
developing countries, I think they will receive help from other nations in return. For
example, developing countries may make it easier for foreign businesses to invest.
Alternatively, the poor countries will be willing to provide a cheaper labor force for foreign
firms which come from the countries who used to help them. As a result, providing
vaccines to other countries of the wealthy nations is to strengthen international relations
and demonstrate international solidarity in the fight against the pandemic COVID-19. It is
also the main purpose of the globalization era.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

My Nguyen Philosophy 2220C Professor: Kevin McShane Due: Friday, 19th 2021 Quiz #5: Globalization 1. In terms of globalization ethics, Peter Singer raised four issues: climate change, the role of the WTO, human rights and humanitarian intervention, and foreign aid. However, I believe that climate change and foreign aid are two ethical challenges that have arisen due to globalization. First, he emphasized the production of carbon dioxide from the exhausts of gas-guzzling SUVs, which causes issues such as pollution of the environment and climate change. He mentions it because he believes the ethical issue in the case of climate change involves a shared global resource which refers to the ability of the atmosphere to absorb waste gases. As the report, scientists are gathering evidence that continuing to emit greenhouse gases would endanger the lives of millions of people. Otherwise, the president of the country that produces the most of these gases stated that they have no negative impact on the economy because the people of America come first. Even though wealthy countries' overconsumption of resources may be on the table, the US administration prioritizes the interests of its people and refuses to negotiate. Their way of life will result in the deaths of millions of people due to increasingly unpredictable weather, as well as the loss of land used by tens of millions more as sea levels rise and local flooding worsens. As a result, climate change and its causes pose critical ethical challenges during this period of globalization. Furthermore, he discusses foreign aid activities as well as the ethical challenges of globalization. Indeed, he discusses the world's wealthy nations' responsibilities to assist the world’s needy. He said that because we live on one planet, it has long been morally wrong for rich countries not to have a global ethical position. It also poses a threat to their security in the long term because we don't know whether other nations may launch attacks on the rich nation’s sovereigns in the future. Taking with it, he believed that "ethics appears to have developed from the behavior and feelings of social mammals. It became distinct from anything we can observe in our closest nonhuman relatives when we started using our reasoning abilities to justify our behavior to other members of our group." It is considered that helping the impoverished and developing countries is one way for social mammals to exhibit their behavior and feelings. Creating an interdependent global society opens up incredible potential for connecting people worldwide while also providing the material foundation for a new morality. 2. The Singer refers to Thomas Friedman's concept of "The Golden Straitjacket," which refers to a set of policies that include liberalizing the economy's private sector, reducing bureaucracy, keeping inflation low, and removing barriers to foreign investment. In other words, this concept has two effects: economic growth and political downturn. Suppose a country refuses to wear or tries to remove the Golden Straitjacket. In that case, the electronic herd—currency traders, stock and bond traders, and those who make investment decisions for multinational corporations—may gallop away, taking with them the investment capital that countries require to maintain economic growth. When wealth is internationally mobile, risks cause capital outflows to countries with comparable investment opportunities and lower tax rates. However, the result for the nation that wore the Golden Straitjacket is that as the economy grows and average affluence rises. Also, the scope of politics may shrink—at least as long as no political party is willing to question the assumption that global capitalism is the best economic system. When neither the administration nor the opposition is willing to risk removing the Golden Straitjacket, the major political parties' differences are reduced to minor tweaks to the Straitjacket. As a result, the global economy's expansion indicates a decline in nation-state dominance even without the WTO. 3. In my opinion, there are several significant ethical difficulties associated with the COVID19 pandemic's impact on the global business. It begins with an examination of recent supply chain issues. During a pandemic, it is severely hampered. Multiple national lockdowns have slowed or even halted the supply of raw materials and finished goods, affecting global manufacturing. It caused the global manufacturing enterprises do not produce enough commodities for the community, resulting in a supply shortage. As a result, society becomes chaotic when people have to compete to obtain all the necessary goods. Because of the pandemic COVID-19, many businesses have experienced employee shortages and losses. Moreover, due to border restrictions, many logistics companies have been forced to halt operations temporarily. Hence, each government has established various assistance programs to assist international businesses in operating. Along with that, governments have put measures in place to help both employers and individuals who have lost their jobs due to COVID-19. Again, the COVID-19 outbreak has precipitated a rare recession at a time when global costs are rapidly increasing. If the cost of the materials used to manufacture a product or service increases, a company might pass these costs on to customers in the form of higher prices. People's incomes have been reduced due to activity restrictions, and price increases have caused chaos in the social market and community. It is challenging for multinational corporations to sell their goods and citizens to obtain the necessary supplies. Some multinational corporations that manufacture necessities, on the other hand, use scarcity to drive up the price of their products. During this challenging time, I believe it is morally unacceptable for businesses to engage in such behavior. Finally, when the pandemic struck, some multinational corporations shifted production back to their home countries to reduce production and transportation costs. Workers in the countries where the corporations do business have lost their jobs due to this phenomenon. 4. Because we live in one world, wealthy countries, in my opinion, have committed grave moral blunders by failing to take a global ethical stance. Because of this reason, I believe that they have an ethical obligation to provide free or low-cost vaccines to poor and developing countries. As the idea claimed in the article, “ethics appears to have developed from the behavior and feelings of social mammals. It became distinct from anything we can observe in our closest nonhuman relatives when we started using our reasoning abilities to justify our behavior to other members of our group.” As far as I understand it, ethics occurs when we help others for no apparent reason. Thus, one of the actions that the rich nations can express human mercy in this society is assisting other countries by providing free or low-cost vaccines. Furthermore, when wealthy countries help the poor and developing countries, I think they will receive help from other nations in return. For example, developing countries may make it easier for foreign businesses to invest. Alternatively, the poor countries will be willing to provide a cheaper labor force for foreign firms which come from the countries who used to help them. As a result, providing vaccines to other countries of the wealthy nations is to strengthen international relations and demonstrate international solidarity in the fight against the pandemic COVID-19. It is also the main purpose of the globalization era. Name: Description: ...
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