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The Nature of Research & Types of Scientific Research
Remember!
(keywords)
Research
Systematic process
New ideas
Use of existing knowledge to create new knowledge
Discovery
Careful and detailed study of a particular problem
Use of scientific method
Characteristics
Empirical - observation and experience
Logical - orderly manner
Cyclical - starts with a problem ends with a problem/ recommendation
Analytical - scientific and well-organized
Critical - careful and precise judgement
Methodical - unbiased
Replicable - methods repeated
Importance
Tool for building knowledge
Understand various issues
Increase public awareness
Business success
Prove lies and support truth
encourages people to love reading, writing, analyzing, and sharing
valuable information
Nurtures people's mind
Find, gauge, and seize opportunities
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What is research?
Research is a systematic process that is conducted with the purpose of knowing and
understanding more information. This does not focus on opinion making but rather on the
derivation of new ideas which in most cases can come from one's own investigation of
problems. This also involves seeking of answers to the questions one has come up with or
questions posed by other people.
Definition of research
Research has been defined by many in several ways. The following are definitions of this term
by different authors:
1. Research involves the use of existing knowledge to create new knowledge creatively and
gain new understandings, methodologies, and concepts which can be through the analysis and
synthesis of previous researches (Department of Education and Training, as cited in Western
Sydney University, 2020).
2. Research refers to the interpretation and discovery of new findings which could also give way
to the revision of accepted facts in the light of these new findings discovered. This also involves
practical application of new knowledge or revised concepts through the use of investigation and
experimentation (Merriam-Webster Dictionary).
3. Research involves a careful and detailed study of a particular problem, concern or issue
through the use of scientific method so as to learn new knowledge (Study.com, n.d.).
Characteristics of
research
According to Calmorin and Calmorin (2012), research can be characterized in seven different
ways:
1. Research is empirical- Research is conducted based on observation or a direct experience by
the researcher.
2. Research is logical- Scientific study is done in an orderly manner to draw valid conclusion.
3. Research is cyclical- Research starts with a problem and ends with a problem since at the
end of the study, recommendations can be given and this is where other research problems
may come from.
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4. Research is analytical- A researcher uses scientific and well-organized procedure in
gathering data whether descriptive, experimental, historical, and case study.
5. Research is critical- Conducting a research needs careful and precise judgement of the
results based on the investigation or experimentation.
6. Research is methodical- Scientific studies are done through the unbiased use of systematic
methods and procedure.
7. Research is replicable- A research, particularly the methods used, should be repeated to be
able to give valid and logical results.
Importance of
research
Research is regarded as a need for some people who would like to learn more. On one hand,
some see it as a task which can be exhausting but is needed to finish school requirements or
get job promotions. Regardless of people's different reasons to conduct researches, the main
goal would still be to add new information to the body of knowledge. According to Zarah (2020),
conducting research is really necessary for several reasons:
1. Research is a tool for building knowledge and for facilitating learning.
2. Research is a means to understand various issues and increase public awareness.
3. Research can aid business success.
4. Research can prove lies and to support truths.
5. Research encourages people to love reading, writing, analyzing, and sharing valuable
information.
6. Research nurtures people's mind.
7. Research can be a means to find, gauge, and seize opportunities.
Summary (what I have
learned)
Research is a systematic process that is based on the observation and
experience of the researcher, uses previous research to create new
knowledge, done in an orderly manner, starts with a problem and ends with
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a possible problem, uses well-organized and scientific procedures,
unbiased opinions, the same process can be done again with the same
results. It is important for it is a tool for building knowledge, understand
various issues, increases public awareness, aids business success, proves
lies and supports truth, encourages people to love reading, writing,
analyzing, and sharing valuable information, nurtures people's mind, and
finds, gauges, and seize opportunities.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

The Nature of Research & Types of Scientific Research Remember! (keywords) Research • Systematic process • New ideas • Use of existing knowledge to create new knowledge • Discovery • Careful and detailed study of a particular problem • Use of scientific method Characteristics • Empirical - observation and experience • Logical - orderly manner • Cyclical - starts with a problem ends with a problem/ recommendation • Analytical - scientific and well-organized • Critical - careful and precise judgement • Methodical - unbiased • Replicable - methods repeated Importance • Tool for building knowledge • Understand various issues • Increase public awareness • Business success • Prove lies and support truth • encourages people to love reading, writing, analyzing, and sharing valuable information • Nurtures people's mind • Find, gauge, and seize opportunities What is research? Research is a systematic process that is conducted with the purpose of knowing and understanding more information. This does not focus on opinion making but rather on the derivation of new ideas which in most cases can come from one's own investigation of problems. This also involves seeking of answers to the questions one has come up with or questions posed by other people. Definition of research Research has been defined by many in several ways. The following are definitions of this term by different authors: 1. Research involves the use of existing knowledge to create new knowledge creatively and gain new understandings, methodologies, and concepts which can be through the analysis and synthesis of previous researches (Department of Education and Training, as cited in Western Sydney University, 2020). 2. Research refers to the interpretation and discovery of new findings which could also give way to the revision of accepted facts in the light of these new findings discovered. This also involves practical application of new knowledge or revised concepts through the use of investigation and experimentation (Merriam-Webster Dictionary). 3. Research involves a careful and detailed study of a particular problem, concern or issue through the use of scientific method so as to learn new knowledge (Study.com, n.d.). Characteristics of research According to Calmorin and Calmorin (2012), research can be characterized in seven different ways: 1. Research is empirical- Research is conducted based on observation or a direct experience by the researcher. 2. Research is logical- Scientific study is done in an orderly manner to draw valid conclusion. 3. Research is cyclical- Research starts with a problem and ends with a problem since at the end of the study, recommendations can be given and this is where other research problems may come from. 4. Research is analytical- A researcher uses scientific and well-organized procedure in gathering data whether descriptive, experimental, historical, and case study. 5. Research is critical- Conducting a research needs careful and precise judgement of the results based on the investigation or experimentation. 6. Research is methodical- Scientific studies are done through the unbiased use of systematic methods and procedure. 7. Research is replicable- A research, particularly the methods used, should be repeated to be able to give valid and logical results. Importance of research Research is regarded as a need for some people who would like to learn more. On one hand, some see it as a task which can be exhausting but is needed to finish school requirements or get job promotions. Regardless of people's different reasons to conduct researches, the main goal would still be to add new information to the body of knowledge. According to Zarah (2020), conducting research is really necessary for several reasons: 1. Research is a tool for building knowledge and for facilitating learning. 2. Research is a means to understand various issues and increase public awareness. 3. Research can aid business success. 4. Research can prove lies and to support truths. 5. Research encourages people to love reading, writing, analyzing, and sharing valuable information. 6. Research nurtures people's mind. 7. Research can be a means to find, gauge, and seize opportunities. Summary (what I have learned) Research is a systematic process that is based on the observation and experience of the researcher, uses previous research to create new knowledge, done in an orderly manner, starts with a problem and ends with a possible problem, uses well-organized and scientific procedures, unbiased opinions, the same process can be done again with the same results. It is important for it is a tool for building knowledge, understand various issues, increases public awareness, aids business success, proves lies and supports truth, encourages people to love reading, writing, analyzing, and sharing valuable information, nurtures people's mind, and finds, gauges, and seize opportunities. Name: Description: ...
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