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Psychological perspective
Psychology:
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior, according to the
American Psychological Association.
Silverman (1874) defines psychology as “the science that seeks to describe and
explain and on decision, to change the behavior of man.
Psychology, defined first in its history of evolution as the study of soul has
been known progressively as the study of mind, study of consciousness and finally
as the study of behavior. Today, it is considered as the science of behavior in its
comprehensive meaning and covering all types of behavior of living things.
Relationship between Education and Psychology:
Psychology is closely related to education. Education is the modification of
behavior in a desirable direction or in a controlled environment and psychology is
the study of behavior or science of behavior. To modify the behavior or to bring
about some changes in the behavior it is necessary to study the science of behavior.
Thus, education and psychology are logically related.
Education is the shaping of behavior, whereas psychology is the study of
how, when and why to shape these behaviors. The developmental stages of
children and characteristics are very essential factors which the teacher must know
in order to be a successful teacher and to provide effective education as well. The
traditional education was subject centered and teacher dominated. But the modern
concept of education has been changed into learning centered to learner centered.
Psychology helps education in the following ways:
Psychology suggests use of different methods in teaching learning process to
achieve better results.
Psychology gives emphasis to motivation and readiness in class room.
Psychology has introduced new theories of learning in education.
Psychology emphasizes activity based teaching learning process.
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Psychology encourages the use of audio-visual aids in teaching learning
process.
Educational psychology: concept and meaning:
The Educational Psychology is an applied branch of psychology that deals
with the application of the principles of general psychology to the problems of
education. It deals with the problems, processes and products of education.
Educational psychology explains the changes that take place in individuals in the
various stages of their development. It explains the effect of environment on the
child.
Here are some definitions given by different psychologists:
1. ”Educational psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with
teaching and learning and also covers the entire range and behavior of the
personality as related to education.” Skinner
2. “While general psychology is pure science, educational psychology is its
application in the field of education with the aim of socializing an individual
and modifying his behavior.” Anderson
3. “It is the systematic study of the educational growth and development of a
child.” Stephen
4. “It is the science of education.” E.A. Peel
5. “It is the study of those facts and principles of psychology which helps to
explains and improves the process of education.” Walter B. Kolesink

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Psychological perspective Psychology: Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior, according to the American Psychological Association. Silverman (1874) defines psychology as “the science that seeks to describe and explain and on decision, to change the behavior of man. Psychology, defined first in its history of evolution as the study of soul has been known progressively as the study of mind, study of consciousness and finally as the study of behavior. Today, it is considered as the science of behavior in its comprehensive meaning and covering all types of behavior of living things. Relationship between Education and Psychology: Psychology is closely related to education. Education is the modification of behavior in a desirable direction or in a controlled environment and psychology is the study of behavior or science of behavior. To modify the behavior or to bring about some changes in the behavior it is necessary to study the science of behavior. Thus, education and psychology are logically related. Education is the shaping of behavior, whereas psychology is the study of how, when and why to shape these behaviors. The developmental stages of children and characteristics are very essential factors which the teacher must know in order to be a successful teacher and to provide effective education as well. The traditional education was subject centered and teacher dominated. But the modern concept of education has been changed into learning centered to learner centered. Psychology helps education in the following ways: • Psychology suggests use of different methods in teaching learning process to achieve better results. • Psychology gives emphasis to motivation and readiness in class room. • Psychology has introduced new theories of learning in education. • Psychology emphasizes activity – based teaching learning process. • Psychology encourages the use of audio-visual aids in teaching learning process. Educational psychology: concept and meaning: The Educational Psychology is an applied branch of psychology that deals with the application of the principles of general psychology to the problems of education. It deals with the problems, processes and products of education. Educational psychology explains the changes that take place in individuals in the various stages of their development. It explains the effect of environment on the child. Here are some definitions given by different psychologists: 1. ”Educational psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with teaching and learning and also covers the entire range and behavior of the personality as related to education.” Skinner 2. “While general psychology is pure science, educational psychology is its application in the field of education with the aim of socializing an individual and modifying his behavior.” Anderson 3. “It is the systematic study of the educational growth and development of a child.” Stephen 4. “It is the science of education.” E.A. Peel 5. “It is the study of those facts and principles of psychology which helps to explains and improves the process of education.” Walter B. Kolesink Name: Description: ...
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