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Lecture Nine: Unit one
I.Objective
By the end of this lecture, the student will be able to realize the
characteristics of a good hypothesis, to distinguish between a thesis and a
hypothesis and to formulate good research objectives.
II.Content
1. The Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis
2. Thesis vs. Hypothesis
3. The Formulation of Research Objectives
1.The Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis
Kumar(2011) argues that there are a number of considerations to keep in mind when
constructing a hypothesis, as they are important for valid verification. The wording of
a hypothesis therefore must have certain attributes that make it easier for you to
ascertain its validity. These attributes are:
- A hypothesis should be simple, specific and conceptually clear. There is no place for
ambiguity in the construction of a hypothesis, as ambiguity will make the verification
of your hypothesis almost impossible. It should be ‘unidimensional’ that is, it
should test only one relationship at a time. To be able to develop a good hypothesis
you must be familiar with the subject area (the literature review is of immense help).
The more insight you have into a problem, the easier it is to construct a hypothesis.
-A hypothesis should be capable of verification. Methods and techniques must be
available for data collection and analysis. There is no point in formulating a
hypothesis if it cannot be subjected to verification because there are no techniques to
verify it. However, this does not necessarily mean that you should not formulate a
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hypothesis for which there are no methods of verification. You might, in the process
of doing your research, develop new techniques to verify it.
- A hypothesis should be related to the existing body of knowledge. It is important
that your hypothesis emerges from the existing body of knowledge, and that it adds to
it, as this is an important function of research. This can only be achieved if the
hypothesis has its roots in the existing body of knowledge.
- A hypothesis should be operationalisable. This means that it can be expressed in
terms that can be measured. If it cannot be measured, it cannot be tested and, hence,
no conclusions can be drawn.
2. Hypothesis vs. Thesis
A thesis statement usually helps guide the research paper. It is a short sentence or
summary containing the central idea of the research paper. It helps a reader have a
clear glimpse of what the paper is about. It is seen in quantitative, qualitative,
and mixed methods research. A thesis statement is developed, supported, and
explained in the body of the essay or research report by means of examples and
evidence
The Hypothesis comes in different format but with the intent to help prove or
disprove a phenomenon. It is typically used in quantitative research and predicts the
relationship between variables.

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Lecture Nine: Unit one I.Objective By the end of this lecture, the student will be able to realize the characteristics of a good hypothesis, to distinguish between a thesis and a hypothesis and to formulate good research objectives. II.Content 1. The Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis 2. Thesis vs. Hypothesis 3. The Formulation of Research Objectives 1.The Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis Kumar(2011) argues that there are a number of considerations to keep in mind when constructing a hypothesis, as they are important for valid verification. The wording of a hypothesis therefore must have certain attributes that make it easier for you to ascertain its validity. These attributes are: - A hypothesis should be simple, specific and conceptually clear. There is no place for ambiguity in the construction of a hypothesis, as ambiguity will make the verification of your hypothesis almost impossible. It should be ‘unidimensional’ – that is, it should test only one relationship at a time. To be able to develop a good hypothesis you must be familiar with the subject area (the literature review is of immense help). The more insight you have into a problem, the easier it is to construct a hypothesis. -A hypothesis should be capable of verification. Methods and techniques must be available for data collection and analysis. There is no point in formulating a hypothesis if it cannot be subjected to verification because there are no techniques to verify it. However, this does not necessarily mean that you should not formulate a hypothesis for which there are no methods of verification. You might, in the process of doing your research, develop new techniques to verify it. - A hypothesis should be related to the existing body of knowledge. It is important that your hypothesis emerges from the existing body of knowledge, and that it adds to it, as this is an important function of research. This can only be achieved if the hypothesis has its roots in the existing body of knowledge. - A hypothesis should be operationalisable. This means that it can be expressed in terms that can be measured. If it cannot be measured, it cannot be tested and, hence, no conclusions can be drawn. 2. Hypothesis vs. Thesis A thesis statement usually helps guide the research paper. It is a short sentence or summary containing the central idea of the research paper. It helps a reader have a clear glimpse of what the paper is about. It is seen in quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research. A thesis statement is developed, supported, and explained in the body of the essay or research report by means of examples and evidence The Hypothesis comes in different format but with the intent to help prove or disprove a phenomenon. It is typically used in quantitative research and predicts the relationship between variables. Name: Description: ...
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