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Running head: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 1
Ancient Philosophy
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
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ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 2
Ancient Philosophy
In ancient philosophy, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are the three major ancient Greek
philosophers who formed the foundation for Science and Philosophy. However, even these
powerful thinkers used to work in a logical tradition. Socrates is popular for his methods of
teaching as well as his challenging questions. Plato on the other hand studied virtue, ethics,
justice, and other philosophies related to the behavior of humans. Aristotle was interested in
distinct sciences such as astronomy, physics, and Biology. Aristotle is highly credited for coming
up with the study of logic as well as the basis for up-to-date zoology. This write-up summarizes
and evaluates ancient philosophy which entails the three great philosophers.
Plato
Plato came from a family that was regarded highly in terms of status. Plato was a fan as
well as a friend to Socrates. Plato uses Socrates as a character in all his dialogues. However,
Socrates' figure is used as a voice in Plato's own opinions. As opposed to Socrates, Plato gives
advanced and well-opinioned views on a lot of things. According to Plato, there are distinct sorts
of mental figurative conditions with the uppermost being acquaintance of the forms and the
lowermost being imaging. In addition, there are degrees of authenticity where the less real
includes the physical world and even the even less actuality includes the depiction of it in the
form of art.
According to Plato, the soul entails an element of rational thinking, a feature of
motivational deliberateness, and an element that is appetitive and generates desire. Every
component of the soul resembles a virtue. The coherent element is wisdom, courage is the
willing feature of the soul, and temperance resembles the appetitive element of the soul. Plato’s
idea of community justice is anti-democratic and non-egalitarian.
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ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 3
Socrates
Socrates is termed as the beginner of lucid examination and philosophy. Socrates was the
head of the three major philosophers. Socrates never wrote anything. His views are however
expressed through the dialogues of Plato. The conflicting opinions of the Ionians and the Eleatic
theorists of nature promoted disbelief about the ability of people to acquire intelligence through
coherent inquiry. Among the doctrinaires, this incredulity is established through Epistemic and
Moral Relativism. Epistemic Relativism claims that there is no single entity that is standard for
examining the truth of the beliefs of individuals.
On the other hand, Moral Relativism claims there are no unprejudiced grounds for
arbitrating some principled views to be rights and others wrong. Socrates tracked rational
examination as a means of finding out the truth about ethical issues. Socrates and Euthyphro are
in unison that the gods love what is virtuous because it is virtuous. Socrates shows humility in
his intelligence by accepting that his views might not be right hence he is willing to subject these
opinions to examination. The Apology shows Socrates’ justification of his actions and the
decisions made by the assembly of Athens to sentence him either way.
Aristotle
Aristotle was the founder of a recognized reasonable scheme. He was Plato’s student but
he later rejected Plato’s philosophy of forms. The center of the logic of Aristotle is the
methodical conduct of uncompromising syllogism. The metaphysics of Aristotle is anti-Platonist.
Various forms are taken by the material of the world. Aristotle takes all that exists to be part of
the physical spatio-chronological realm. Aristotle brings the idea of essential and accidental
features of things. An essential property is that which a thing cannot survive in case it loses it
whereas an accidental characteristic is that which a business can survive even though it is lost.
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ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 4
The way something function is a crucial feature of its nature. According to Aristotle, explaining
something entails four causes. The material cause of something explains the material in which
something is made. A description of something's form is the formal cause. The efficient cause is
the source of the ideologies of modification of an object. The final cause is the function or end of
a thing.
Conclusion
Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato are the major three Greek philosophers. Plato gives well-
opinioned views that are quite advanced on a lot of things. The views of Socrates are expressed
through the views of Plato. Aristotle brings the concept of accidental and essential features of
things.
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ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 5
Reference
Ancient Philosophy. (2021, March 10). Retrieved September 12, 2021, from
https://human.libretexts.org/@go/page/17581

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Running head: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY Ancient Philosophy Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation 1 ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 2 Ancient Philosophy In ancient philosophy, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are the three major ancient Greek philosophers who formed the foundation for Science and Philosophy. However, even these powerful thinkers used to work in a logical tradition. Socrates is popular for his methods of teaching as well as his challenging questions. Plato on the other hand studied virtue, ethics, justice, and other philosophies related to the behavior of humans. Aristotle was interested in distinct sciences such as astronomy, physics, and Biology. Aristotle is highly credited for coming up with the study of logic as well as the basis for up-to-date zoology. This write-up summarizes and evaluates ancient philosophy which entails the three great philosophers. Plato Plato came from a family that was regarded highly in terms of status. Plato was a fan as well as a friend to Socrates. Plato uses Socrates as a character in all his dialogues. However, Socrates' figure is used as a voice in Plato's own opinions. As opposed to Socrates, Plato gives advanced and well-opinioned views on a lot of things. According to Plato, there are distinct sorts of mental figurative conditions with the uppermost being acquaintance of the forms and the lowermost being imaging. In addition, there are degrees of authenticity where the less real includes the physical world and even the even less actuality includes the depiction of it in the form of art. According to Plato, the soul entails an element of rational thinking, a feature of motivational deliberateness, and an element that is appetitive and generates desire. Every component of the soul resembles a virtue. The coherent element is wisdom, courage is the willing feature of the soul, and temperance resembles the appetitive element of the soul. Plato’s idea of community justice is anti-democratic and non-egalitarian. ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 3 Socrates Socrates is termed as the beginner of lucid examination and philosophy. Socrates was the head of the three major philosophers. Socrates never wrote anything. His views are however expressed through the dialogues of Plato. The conflicting opinions of the Ionians and the Eleatic theorists of nature promoted disbelief about the ability of people to acquire intelligence through coherent inquiry. Among the doctrinaires, this incredulity is established through Epistemic and Moral Relativism. Epistemic Relativism claims that there is no single entity that is standard for examining the truth of the beliefs of individuals. On the other hand, Moral Relativism claims there are no unprejudiced grounds for arbitrating some principled views to be rights and others wrong. Socrates tracked rational examination as a means of finding out the truth about ethical issues. Socrates and Euthyphro are in unison that the gods love what is virtuous because it is virtuous. Socrates shows humility in his intelligence by accepting that his views might not be right hence he is willing to subject these opinions to examination. The Apology shows Socrates’ justification of his actions and the decisions made by the assembly of Athens to sentence him either way. Aristotle Aristotle was the founder of a recognized reasonable scheme. He was Plato’s student but he later rejected Plato’s philosophy of forms. The center of the logic of Aristotle is the methodical conduct of uncompromising syllogism. The metaphysics of Aristotle is anti-Platonist. Various forms are taken by the material of the world. Aristotle takes all that exists to be part of the physical spatio-chronological realm. Aristotle brings the idea of essential and accidental features of things. An essential property is that which a thing cannot survive in case it loses it whereas an accidental characteristic is that which a business can survive even though it is lost. ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 4 The way something function is a crucial feature of its nature. According to Aristotle, explaining something entails four causes. The material cause of something explains the material in which something is made. A description of something's form is the formal cause. The efficient cause is the source of the ideologies of modification of an object. The final cause is the function or end of a thing. Conclusion Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato are the major three Greek philosophers. Plato gives wellopinioned views that are quite advanced on a lot of things. The views of Socrates are expressed through the views of Plato. Aristotle brings the concept of accidental and essential features of things. ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 5 Reference Ancient Philosophy. (2021, March 10). Retrieved September 12, 2021, from https://human.libretexts.org/@go/page/17581 Name: Description: ...
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