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DRRR
Disaster
Disaster
o Serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material, or environmental
losses, which exceed the ability of the affected people to cope using their own resources.
o Event (man-made or natural), sudden/progressive
Disaster Risk
o Potential loss in lives, health status, livelihoods, & various assets.
o Probability that a community’s structure/geographic area is to be damaged by the impact of a particular
hazard, on account of their nature, construction, & proximity to a hazardous area.
Elements at Risk
o People, buildings, crops, or societal components, which are likely to be adversely affected by the impact
of the hazard.
Vulnerability
o Condition or sets of conditions that reduces people’s ability to prepare for, withstand, or respond
to a hazard.
Hazard
o Phenomenon/Situation, which has the potential to cause disruption to people, their property, services,
& environment.
o There’s a potential for occurrence of an event.
o Natural hazards phenomena that may cause severe death toll, damages to property, environment, &
socio-economic condition of communities.
- 3 Types:
Biological caused by exposure of living organisms to toxic substances & microorganisms that
cause sickness (epidemic diseases by vial & bacterial infection)
Geologic originated in solid ground
Hydrometeorological involved phenomena that are atmospheric, hydrological, or
oceanographic
Impacts of Disasters
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DRRR
o Can be identified as direct, indirect, & intangible
o Aspects affected: social, economic, & environmental
Adaptive Capacity
o Positive condition or abilities which increase a community’s ability to deal w/ hazards.
Response
o Actions taken immediately following the impact of a disaster when exceptional measures are required to
meet the basic needs of the survivors.
Relief
o Required in search & rescue of survivors, as well to meet the basic needs for shelter, water, food,
& health care.
Recovery
o Process undertaken by a disaster affected community to fully restore itself to pre-disaster level of
functioning
Rehabilitation
o Actions taken in the aftermath of a disaster to:
Assist victims to repair their dwellings
Re-establish essential services
Revive key economic & social activities
Reconstruction
o Permanent measures to replace/repair damaged dwellings & infrastructures & to set the economy back
on course
Development
o Sustained efforts intended to improve/maintain the social & economic well-being of a community
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DRRR
Prevention
o Measures taken to avert a disaster from occurring, if possible (to impede a hazard so that it doesn’t have
any harmful effects)
Mitigation
o Measures taken prior to the impact of a disaster to minimize its effects
o Sometimes referred to as structural & non-structural measures
Preparedness
o Measures taken in anticipation of a disaster to ensure that appropriate & effective actions are taken in
the aftermath
Development
o Sustained efforts intended to improve/maintain the social & economic well-being of a community

Unformatted Attachment Preview

DRRR Disaster Disaster o Serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material, or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected people to cope using their own resources. o Event (man-made or natural), sudden/progressive Disaster Risk o Potential loss in lives, health status, livelihoods, & various assets. o Probability that a community’s structure/geographic area is to be damaged by the impact of a particular hazard, on account of their nature, construction, & proximity to a hazardous area. Elements at Risk o People, buildings, crops, or societal components, which are likely to be adversely affected by the impact of the hazard. Vulnerability o Condition or sets of conditions that reduces people’s ability to prepare for, withstand, or respond to a hazard. Hazard o Phenomenon/Situation, which has the potential to cause disruption to people, their property, services, & environment. o There’s a potential for occurrence of an event. o Natural hazards – phenomena that may cause severe death toll, damages to property, environment, & socio-economic condition of communities. - 3 Types: • Biological – caused by exposure of living organisms to toxic substances & microorganisms that cause sickness (epidemic diseases – by vial & bacterial infection) • Geologic – originated in solid ground • Hydrometeorological – involved phenomena that are atmospheric, hydrological, or oceanographic Impacts of Disasters DRRR o Can be identified as direct, indirect, & intangible o Aspects affected: social, economic, & environmental Adaptive Capacity o Positive condition or abilities which increase a community’s ability to deal w/ hazards. Response o Actions taken immediately following the impact of a disaster when exceptional measures are required to meet the basic needs of the survivors. Relief o Required in search & rescue of survivors, as well to meet the basic needs for shelter, water, food, & health care. Recovery o Process undertaken by a disaster affected community to fully restore itself to pre-disaster level of functioning Rehabilitation o Actions taken in the aftermath of a disaster to: • Assist victims to repair their dwellings • Re-establish essential services • Revive key economic & social activities Reconstruction o Permanent measures to replace/repair damaged dwellings & infrastructures & to set the economy back on course Development o Sustained efforts intended to improve/maintain the social & economic well-being of a community DRRR Prevention o Measures taken to avert a disaster from occurring, if possible (to impede a hazard so that it doesn’t have any harmful effects) Mitigation o Measures taken prior to the impact of a disaster to minimize its effects o Sometimes referred to as structural & non-structural measures Preparedness o Measures taken in anticipation of a disaster to ensure that appropriate & effective actions are taken in the aftermath Development o Sustained efforts intended to improve/maintain the social & economic well-being of a community Name: Description: ...
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