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PRELIM EXAM
1. Which of the following is not caused by parasites?
Oral thrush
Amoebiasis
Chicken pox
Schistosomiasis
2. Characterized by swelling
Tumor
Dolor
Calor
Rubor
3. TRUE/FALSE
A. Congenital disease may manifest at birth
B. Congenital disease occur prenatally
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
4. TRUE/FALSE
A. Capsid surrounds the viral dna
B. Capsid is made up of lipids
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
5. TRUE/FALSE
A. Vasodilation can be countered by histamine
B. Vascular permeability can be countered by kinins
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
6. TRUE/FALSE
A. Mediators are secreted by cells
B. Mediators are generated from plasma proteins
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
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7. Which of the following diseases are caused by virus?
Tuberculosis
Colds
Chicken pox
Food poisoning
8. TRUE/FALSE
A. A bone is said to be aligned only when the long axes of the bone remain
perpendicular to each other
B. The loss of alignment of the fracture is defined as the alignment
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
9. TRUE/FALSE
A. Pathogens are disease-causing microorganisms
B. Pathogens cannot cause infectious diseases
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
10. Characterized by the filling of residual defects with connective tissue during tissue repair
Regeneration
Termination
Scarring
Mediators
11. TRUE/FALSE
A. Vasodilation is the earliest manifestation of acute inflammation
B. When the permeability of the vessels are decreased, it allows the protein-rich fluids
to accumulate thus the outpour
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
12. The surface landmark for S1
Iliac crest
Pubic symphysis
Anterior superior iliac spine
Greater trochanters
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13. Which of the following are causes of chronic inflammation?
Unresolved acute inflammations
Exposure to toxic agents
Sutures
Tissue necrosis
14. Which is/are true about viruses?
Viruses are prokaryotic
Viruses are eukaryotic
Dependent on the host cell
Viruses lack components necessary for their own survival
15. TRUE/FALSE
A. Histamine can cause erythema
B. Histamine is a mediator for vascular congestion
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
16. The surface landmark for C7
Vertebra prominens
Jugular notch
Mastoid tip
Thyroid cartilage
17. The surface landmark for Coccyx
Pubic symphysis
Anterior superior iliac spine
Iliac crest
Greater trochanters
18. TRUE/FALSE
A. Chronic inflammation is characterized by longer durations with increases probability
of tissue damage
B. In chronic inflammation, macrophages plays the most important role during the
whole process
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
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19. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
The presence of exudates is triggered by an inflammatory reaction
The presence of transudates implies the presence of an ongoing
inflammatory reaction
The presence of exudates increases the permeability of small blood vessels
The presence of exudates is triggered by tissue injury
20. TRUE/FALSE
A. The presence of B and T Lymphocytes amplifies the severity of inflammation
B. B Lymphocytes increases the early inflammatory reactions
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
21. TRUE/FALSE
A. Inflammation may damage normal tissues
B. Anti-inflammatory drugs are essential to prevent excessive destruction of normal
tissues
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
22. TRUE/FALSE
A. Lymphocytes provides defense against offending agents
B. B and T Lymphocytes propagate the chronic inflammation
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
23. They can grow in hosts and may cause diseases (general term)
Virus
Bacteria
Microorganism
Fungi
24. Macrophages found in lymph nodes
Alveolar
Kupffer
Microglial
Histiocytes
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25. Macrophages found in spleen
Histiocytes
Microglial
Kupffer
Alveolar
26. A plane that divides the body into right and left parts
Longitudinal plane
Frontal plane
Median plane
Sagittal plane
27. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Multicellular mold are called hyphae
Yeasts grows as a single cell
Yeast reproduce by budding
Yeasts appear fuzzy
28. The following are structures found in the RUQ except;
Gall bladder
Ureter
Appendix
Colon
29. A disruption on the shaft of the bone caused by pressure/force
Dislocation
Fracture
Sprain
Subluxation
30. Which of the following is/are FALSE?
I. One risk of congenital factors is the possible lack of access to sufficient nourishment
by pregnant women
II. One factor of congenital diseases is the exposure to tobacco during pregnancy
III. One factor of congenital diseases is the different infections acquired during
pregnancy
IV. One factor of congenital diseases is the socio-economic status of the pregnant
mother which leads to no proper access to check-ups
All of the above
I, II
III, IV
None of the above
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31. Characterized by the replacement of the injured tissue during the inflammatory process
Termination
Regeneration
Mediators
Scarring
32. Which of the following is caused by parasites?
Schistosomiasis
Oral thrush
Chicken pox
Amoebiasis
33. The first step of inflammatory reaction
Plasma proteins migrate to the site of infection
Reaction is controlled
Molecules and cells recognizes the offending agent
Reaction is terminated
34. A protein coat which surrounds the viral DNA or RNA
Virion
Capsule
Viralis
Capsid
35. The nursemaids elbow is a partial dislocation which occurs:
Ulnar head
Radial head
Radial shaft
Ulnar shaft
36. The following are examples of bacteria except
Streptococcal pharyngitis
Candida albicans
Chlamydia trachomatis
Clostridium botulinum
37. Away from the body’s surface
Lateral
Deep
Internal
Superficial
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38. TRUE/FALSE
A. Increased vascular permeability allows leukocytes to enter the sites of tissue
damage
B. Increased vascular permeability allows the plasma proteins to enter the sites of
tissue damage
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
39. The ankle is more _____ than the knee
Proximal
Lateral
Distal
Medial
40. Which among the following are structures found in the LLQ?
Pancreas
Colon
Ureter
Small intestine
41. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Edema can be an inflammatory transudate and exudate
Transudates are mostly albumin
None among the choices
Transudates possesses low specific gravity
42. The following are results of vasodilation during acute inflammation
Tumor
Rubor
Dolor
Calor
43. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Macrophages ingests microbes
Macrophages respond to signals from T cells
Macrophages secretes cytokines
Macrophages initiate tissue repair process
44. Nose is _____ to the ear
Anterior
Ventral
Dorsal
Posterior
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45. A type of inflammation which manifests minutes to hours and lasts for up to a few days
Infection
Chronic inflammation
Acute inflammation
Termination
46. A type of trauma that results in partial rupture/ tearing of ligaments without dislocation
Dislocation
Sprain
Fracture
Subluxation
47. TRUE/FALSE
A. Dislocation is identified by the abnormal alignment of body parts
B. Dislocation is a disruption of a bone caused by mechanical forces applied along the
shaft of the bone
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
48. Which of the following can be found in the Left Hypochondriac Region?
Ascending colon
Cecum
Tail of pancreas
Spleen
49. Which of the following are the main participants of inflammatory reactions
White blood cells
Red blood cells
Blood vessels
Capillaries
50. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Microbes can trigger inflammation
Hypoxia can trigger inflammation
Necrosis can trigger inflammation
Anti-inflammatory drugs can trigger inflammation
51. On opposite sides of the body
Intermediate
Inferior
Ipsilateral
Contralateral
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52. A plane that can pass through a body part at any angle between the three planes
Axial plane
Coronal plane
Oblique plane
Midsagittal plane
53. The following are characteristics of fungi except:
Dimorphic
Larger than bacteria
All are incorrect
Prokaryotic
54. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Without inflammation, injured tissues would remain permanent
Inflammation is essential for survival
Inflammation is a protective response
Inflammation is considered an abnormal response of the body towards
infection
55. These initiate and regulate inflammatory reactions
Macrophages
Plasma proteins
Mediators
Exudates
56. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
The goal of acute inflammation is to eliminate the offending agents
Pathogens can be a mediator for inflammatory reactions
During chronic inflammation, there is longer duration with less tissue
destruction
A harmful cause of inflammation is that it can damage normal tissues if it
goes unchecked
57. Which is/are true about pathogens?
Causes infectious diseases
Secretes organic substances
Can reproduce
Causes tissue damage
58. TRUE/FALSE
A. Lymphatic system also plays a role during acute inflammation
B. Lymph drains edema fluid that is outpoured due to vascular congestion
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
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59. The following are characteristics of a virus except:
Prokaryotic
Cannot live outside a living cell
Result of a viral particle called virion
Carries both dna and rna as genetic materials at the same time
60. The mandibular angle is the surface landmark for?
Axis
C3
Atlas
C7
61. Which of the following diseases are not caused by bacteria?
Chicken pox
Tuberculosis
Food poisoning
Colds
62. Which of the following is caused by fungi?
Oral thrush
Tinea pedis
Mumps
Polio
63. The following structures can be found in the Right Hypochondriac Region except;
Cecum
Spleen
Ascending colon
Tail of pancreas
64. Which of the following are risk factors of congenital diseases?
Psychological factors
Genetic factors
Environmental factors
Socioeconomic factors
65. A fluid characterized by low protein content
Exudate
Lipid
Transudate
Glandular fluids
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66. The surface landmark for T7
Superior angle of scapula
Xiphoid process
Inferior angle of scapula
Sternal angle
67. TRUE/FALSE
A. Spread involves the propagation of the infectious agent
B. Spread involves the multiplication of microbes
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
68. Which of the following can be found in the Hypogastric region?
Stomach
Sigmoid colon
Rectum
Vas deferens
69. Which of the following is not a cause of chronic inflammation?
Unresolved acute inflammation
Sutures
Tissue necrosis
Exposure to toxic agents
70. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Prostaglandins initiate fever
Kinins are responsible for leukocyte activation
Chemokines are responsible for smooth muscle contractions
Histamine is a vasodilator
71. The elbow is more _____ than the wrist
Distal
Proximal
Lateral
Medial
72. Which of the following mediators is/are not generated from mast cells
Histamine
Prostaglandins
Cytokines
Kinins
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73. The following are causes of inflammation except;
Toxins
Dirt
Ischemia
None among the choices
74. A plane that divides the body inferiorly and superiorly
Horizontal
Axial
Longitudinal
Transverse
75. TRUE/FALSE
A. Apposition is how the fragmented ends of the bone makes contact with each other
B. Angulation describes the loss of alignment of the fracture
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
76. Which of the following is caused by virus?
Polio
Mumps
Oral thrush
Tinea pedis
77. The following are causes of inflammation except;
Sutures
None among the choices
Irradiation
Allergies
78. Oral cavity is _____ to the orbits
Intermediate
Contralateral
Superior
Inferior
79. Towards the tail
Superior
Cephalad
Inferior
Caudal
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80. What happens during vasodilation?
Fluid may leak due to outpour of plasma proteins
None among the choices
Allows mediators to enter sites of tissue damage
Allows plasma proteins to enter sites of infection
81. TRUE/FALSE
A. The step “Spread” can be combated with the host’s immune system
B. Multiplication is also termed as incubation period
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
82. The second step of inflammatory reaction
Reaction is controlled
Molecules and cells recognizes the offending agent
Plasma proteins migrate to the site of infection
Reaction is terminated
83. Macrophages found in the liver
Histiocytes
Microglial
Alveolar
Kupffer
84. The L2-L3 is the same level as the
Inferior angle of scapula
Iliac crest
ASIS
Inferior costal margin
85. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Termination prevents the cause of excessive damage to the host
After termination of the offending agent, tissue repair will follow
During the process of termination, the offending agent is eliminated
During termination, anti-inflammatory mechanisms are activated which
controls inflammatory responses
86. The earliest manifestation of acute inflammation
Rubor
Vasodilation
Stasis
Increased permeability of the microvasculature
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87. Which of the following diseases are not caused by bacteria?
Chicken pox
Food poisoning
Colds
Tuberculosis
88. Which of the following mediators is/are generated from the liver
Cytokines
Kinins
Histamine
Prostaglandins
89. A plane that divides the body anteriorly and posteriorly
Median plane
Frontal plane
Sagittal plane
Longitudinal plane
90. TRUE/FALSE
A. Bacteria are single-celled
B. Bacteria can reside in hosts in groups
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
91. These are specific dominant cells in chronic inflammatory processes
Macrophages
Neutrophils
Basophils
Lymph
92. The result of vascular congestion
Stasis
Outpour of the protein-rich fluid
Inflammation
Redness in the area
93. TRUE/FALSE
A. After phagocytosis, leukocytes should be followed by destruction in phagolysosomes
B. Destruction of leukocytes are caused by free radicals
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
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94. The eye is _____ to the nose
Lateral
Intermediate
Medial
Distal
95. Which of the following statements is/are FALSE
Blood vessels constrict to slow down blood flow
Erythrocytes has the ability to ingest and destroy microbes
Blood vessels dilate by increasing permeability
Leukocytes has the ability to ingest and destroy foreign bodies
96. Characterized by heat
Dolor
Tumor
Calor
Rubor
97. The second step of inflammatory reaction
Reaction is controlled
Plasma proteins migrate to the site of infection
Molecules and cells recognizes the offending agent
Reaction is terminated
98. Which is/are true about bacteria?
Bacteria are prokaryotic
Most of the cellular activities takes place within the cytoplasm
Bacteria are eukaryotic
Bacteria lacks components necessary for their own survival
99. The fifth cardinal sign of inflammation
Loss of function
Swelling
Pain
Redness
100. The mastoid tip is the surface landmark for?
C7
Axis
C3
Atlas
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MIDTERM EXAM
1. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Emphysema is characterized by barrel chest
B. Air spaces in the alveoli are constricted during emphysema
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
2. Radiographic appearance of BPH
Lobulated outline of the UB
Elevated bladder floor
Blunted mucosa
Nodular filling defect
3. Which of the following is/are TRUE about Achalasia?
Caused by lack of peristalsis
Rat tail sign on radiograph appearance
An esophageal motility disorder
The lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax
4. The following can be causes of bowel obstruction except;
Volvulus
Intussusception
Ascites
Crohn’s disease
5. Symptoms of kidney stones include the following except;
Jaundice
Hydronephrosis
Hematuria
Flank pain
6. Which of the following is true about the Zenker’s diverticulum?
An outpouching which occurs due to weakening in the lining of the walls
Can cause halitosis
Can cause dysphagia
It arises from the posterior wall of the upper esophagus in the area of the
pharynx
7. Characterized by a chronic destruction of bronchi and alveoli
Bronchopneumonia
Emphysema
Bronchiectasis
COPD
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8. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Bronchiectasis can be caused by repeated pulmonary infection
B. Bronchiectasis is characterized by decrease in mucous production
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
9. The cause of pulmonary edema
Coronary artery disease
Increased mucus secretions in the lungs
Free air in the pleural space
Long-term inhalation of dust particles
10. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Crohn’s disease has unknown etiology
B. Crohn’s disease may be the cause of a mechanical bowel obstruction
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
11. These are caused by dilated, tortuous veins of the esophagus
Esophageal varices
Zenker’s diverticulum
Achalasia
Barrett’s esophagus
12. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Adynamic ileus is caused by peritonitis
B. Paralytic ileus is most common in postoperative patients
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
13. The large pockets of empty space which is a result on the rupture of the alveolar walls due
to Emphysema is called:
Bulla
Alveoli
Air sacs
Cor pulmonale
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14. Which of the following diseases can progress into COPD?
Emphysema
Pneumothorax
Chronic bronchitis
Tuberculosis
15. Characterized by intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus
Zenker’s diverticulum
Esophageal varices
Barrett’s esophagus
Achalasia
16. Which of the following is/are TRUE about bronchitis?
Excessive mucus secretions
Inflammation of the bronchial wall
Can be caused by cigarette smoking
Leads to shortness of breath
17. Characterized by narrowing and worm-like appearance of the esophagus
Esophageal varices
Barrett esophagus
Achalasia
Dysphagia
18. Which of the following is/are TRUE about
Appearance on radiograph include small opaque spots throughout the lungs
Caused by inhaling mycobacterium
Spread primarily by air droplets
Appearance on radiograph include hilar enlargement
19. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Acute bronchiectasis can be less that three months in length
B. Chronic bronchiectasis can result to productive cough most days for more than or
equal to three months
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
20. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Aspiration pneumonia is caused by aspiration of foreign objects
Bronchopneumonia is caused by streptococcus
Lobar pneumonia is caused by streptococcus pneumonia
None of the choices are TRUE
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21. An occupational lung disease in which it is caused by inhaling silicon dioxide
COPD
Anthracosis
Asbestosis
Silicosis
22. TRUE OR FALSE: Intussusception can be treated with barium enema procedure
TRUE
FALSE
23. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Bladder calculi can occur from migrated renal stones
B. Bladder calculi can present hematuria
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
c. Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
24. The following can cause pneumoperitoneum except;
Duodenal ulcer
Gastric ulcer
Cirrhosis
Trauma
25. Which of the following structures are mostly affected by crohn’s disease?
Proximal colon
Terminal ileum
Stomach
Distal colon
26. The large pockets of empty space which is a result on the rupture of the alveolar walls due
to Emphysema is called:
Air sacs
Bulla
Cor pulmonale
Alveoli
27. Cystitis usually occurs in which part of the urinary bladder?
Ureteral opening
Trigone
Penile urethra
Mucosa
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28. Partial or complete loss of the normal peristaltic action of the small and large intestine
Ascites
Non-mechanical obstruction
Pneumoperitoneum
Mechanical obstruction
29. Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
Empyema
Pleurisy
Hemothorax
Pneumonitis
30. A condition where either a portion of or the entire lung has collapsed and is without air
Atelectasis
Pneumothorax
Bronchopneumonia
COPD
31. Which of the following is/are the radiographic appearance of Achalasia?
Bird beak sign
Rat tail sign
Worm-like appearance
Oval filling defects
32. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Pleurisy can be cause by a virus or bacteria
B. Pleurisy can be caused by rubbing of the visceral and parietal pleura during
respiration
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
33. The following can be causes of bowel obstruction except;
Ascites
Crohn’s disease
Intussusception
Volvulus
34. Which of the following is/are TRUE about the bronchopneumonia?
Caused by staphylococcus bacteria
Appears patchy with increased radiodensity
Appears patchy consolidation within the lungs
Caused by streptococcus bacteria
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35. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Horseshoe kidney is predominant in women
B. Horseshoe kidney can be cured
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
36. Which of the following is/are TRUE about Bronchiectasis?
Usually affects the apex of both lungs
Affects the base of both lungs
Dilation of bronchi which is irreversible
Caused by bacterial infection
37. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Bifid ureter is a congenital anomaly
B. Bifid ureter is the duplication of ureters and renal pelvis
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
38. The abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity
Pneumothorax
Pleural effusion
Ascites
Hydrothorax
39. Results in chronic irritation of the bladder mucosa
Cystitis
Bladder fistula
BPH
Bladder diverticulum
40. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Staghorn calculi is also called as coral calculi
B. Kidney stones symptoms include flank pain
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
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41. The general term for all occupational lung disease
Silicosis
COPD
Pneumoconiosis
asbestosis
42. An abnormal communication between the bladder and rectal mucosa
Vesicorectal fistula
Pyelonephritis
Vesicorectal diverticulum
Bladder diverticulum
43. Which of the following is/are TRUE about aspiration?
Can be treated with Heimlich Maneuver
Caused by swallowed foreign objects
Most common in children
Caused by swallowing dysfunction
44. The general term for all occupational lung disease
COPD
Asbestosis
Silicosis
Pneumoconiosis
45. Which of the following are causes of emphysema?
Faulty gene in chromosome no.7
Pulmonary edema
Smoking
Long-term dust inhalation
46. Characterized by free air in the peritoneal cavity
Ascites
Pneumoperitoneum
Pneumothorax
Hemothorax
47. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Asbestosis is characterized as black lung pneumoconiosis
B. Anthracosis appears as small opaque spots throughout the lungs
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
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48. Characterized by narrowing and worm-like appearance of the esophagus
Esophageal varices
Barrett esophagus
Achalasia
Dysphagia
49. The most common primary malignant tumor in men
Breast cancer
Thyroid cancer
Prostate cancer
BPH
50. Which of the following is/are TRUE about the respiratory distress syndrome
Alveoli are infected
Referred to as the hyaline membrane disease in adults
Characterized by bell-shaped thorax
Appears to have granular pattern on radiographs
51. Radiographic appearance of PKD include:
Blunted calyces
Elongated renal pelvis
Enlarged kidneys
Normal calyces
52. Which of the following is not a radiographic appearance of PTB?
Enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes
Granular pattern
Hilar enlargement
Small opaque spots
53. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Emphysema is characterized by barrel chest
B. Air spaces in the alveoli are constricted during emphysema
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
54. Which of the following is/are the radiographic appearance of Reactive TB?
Upward retraction of the hila
Granular pattern
Irregular calcifications in both upper lobes
Small opaque spots
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55. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Dyspnea is a sensation of difficulty in swallowing
B. Dyspnea is caused by physical exertion
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
56. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Dyspnea is a sensation of difficulty in swallowing
B. Dyspnea is caused by physical exertion
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
57. A congenital defect wherein the kidney is located in an abnormal position within the body
Pyelonephritis
Renal calculi
Ectopic kidney
Glomerulonephritis
58. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Anthracosis occurs as a result of inhaling asbestos dust
B. Anthracosis appears as small opaque spots on radiographs
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
59. Which of the following is/are TRUE?
Ulcerative colitis involves acute inflammation of the colon
Ulcerative colitis is most common in young adults
Ulcerative colitis appears as lead pipe sign on radiograph
Ulcerative colitis is frequent in rectosigmoid colon
60. Is a loop of intestine that has twister around itself causing either a partial or complete
obstruction
Hernia
Volvulus
Intussusception
Ileus
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61. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. BPH is common in young adults
B. By age 50, 60% of men have BPH
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are correct
Both statements are incorrect
62. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Emphysema results in alveolar wall destruction
B. Emphysema can result to loss of alveolar elasticity
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
63. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
A. Asbestosis appears as distinctive patterns of scarring
B. Silicosis appears as calcifications involving the pleura
Statement A is incorrect, Statement B is correct
Statement A is correct, Statement B is incorrect
Both statements are incorrect
Both statements are correct
64. Which of the following is/are TRUE about volvulus?
Telescoping of the intestine
Twisting of a loop of intestine
Appears as beak sign on radiographs
Results in torsion
65. Which of the following is/are TRUE about intussusception?
Most common in adults
Appears as crescent in doughnut sign on x-ray
Most common in ileum
Characterized by the telescoping of a section of bowel into another loop
66. Which of the following is/are the radiographic appearance of Esophageal Varices?
Rat tail sign
Worm-like appearance
Oval filling defects
Bird beak sign
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