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Name: Abdul Mannan
Reg : 1321730188
Conflict of Interest Case Study
Q: What should she do in preparing for his visit?
A should know about the institution she has to visit, If she wants that the data of her
result must not be disclosed then she should sign the non-disclosure agreement.
Q: What are the potential conflicts of interests?
The most possible conflict of interest will be that discussion of A with B was
confidential but she was not told that it was privileged or confidential.
Q: What ethical considerations should the theorist consider in preparing her talk?
She should respect the privacy of the data; the presented work should show beneficence
and the anonymity of the work.
Q:Are there other actions that she could or should take in preparing for the visit?
He could send his results by email to himself. This would be proof that he produced the results
earlier than the date and time of the email
Alternatively, he could invite her to be a research collaborator and co-author to produce high
quality work. This is a win-win situation as she has the theory while he has the experiments.
They need each other. Being a co-author and co-researcher will cause her to be careful not to
disclose any unpublished data.
Data Acquisition Case Study: Data Handling and Record Keeping
Q: What are some possible situations that could explain the “missing” data, and how should
you proceed for each?
First, it is useful to recognize that there may be several explanations for the “missing” data.
Among these are:
The missing data was acquired by someone else who maintained a separate lab
notebook and stored computer files differently.
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The missing data was acquired by the same person who acquired the rest of the data,
but for some reason the records were not maintained in the same fashion.
The missing data in fact never existed.
Of these three possibilities, only the third involves serious misconduct, while the other two
possibilities involve problems in record keeping.
Given the information you have at this point, it is premature to conclude that misconduct has
taken place. A logical first step is to find out if other people were involved in acquiring data for
the publication in question.
If you are unable to track down the missing data this way, you could ask your research advisor
about it directly. It is more likely that this is just a record keeping problem, so avoid any
questions that sound accusatory.
If you are unable to resolve the matter at this level, you should talk to a carefully chosen outside
party. It is not necessarily wise to talk to fellow graduate students about the issue. It is not clear
that they will have the experience or perspective to assess the situation and you may
unwittingly start unfounded rumors about your lab.
You could consider talking to the department head if you think he or she is an objective third
party. You could also talk to your institution’s Misconduct Policy Officer. Your institution’s
research development office can provide contact information.
Finally, it is worth noting that careful record keeping can help prevent misunderstandings. If
someone else was had collected the missing data, a cross-reference in the two lab notebooks
would have been helpful. Similarly, if one person accumulated all of the data but the
information was stored differently, that point should be noted in his or her lab book.
Health & Safety Case Study: Hazardous Materials
Q: What responsibility does the PI have in considering the new, potentially dangerous material
for the research?
The PI has total responsibility to ensure that all his students are well conversant with the
chemical element; he has to make them aware of the dangers of new material.
Q: What role should the students have in making this decision?
The PI needs to educate the students on different preventive measures to apply when risks and
accidents attributed by the new hazardous material occurs.
Q: If there is a decision to go ahead with the work, what is the PI’s responsibility in terms of
providing information and training?
The PI should ensure that there is no hazardous condition or operations in the research lab; this
is by providing prior-approval for harmful substances in the lab. Besides, the PI should also
ensure that personal protective equipment PPEs are well utilized and well maintained.
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Q: How should he or she proceed with setting up these new experiments in a manner that
might ensure the safety of his students?
The PI has to alert lab operators and the students on the presence of potential lab-related
dangers and provide clear guidelines on how to handle an accident to ensure student safety.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Name: Abdul Mannan Reg : 1321730188 Conflict of Interest Case Study Q: What should she do in preparing for his visit? A should know about the institution she has to visit, If she wants that the data of her result must not be disclosed then she should sign the non-disclosure agreement. Q: What are the potential conflicts of interests? The most possible conflict of interest will be that discussion of A with B was confidential but she was not told that it was privileged or confidential. Q: What ethical considerations should the theorist consider in preparing her talk? She should respect the privacy of the data; the presented work should show beneficence and the anonymity of the work. Q:Are there other actions that she could or should take in preparing for the visit? He could send his results by email to himself. This would be proof that he produced the results earlier than the date and time of the email Alternatively, he could invite her to be a research collaborator and co-author to produce high quality work. This is a win-win situation as she has the theory while he has the experiments. They need each other. Being a co-author and co-researcher will cause her to be careful not to disclose any unpublished data. Data Acquisition Case Study: Data Handling and Record Keeping Q: What are some possible situations that could explain the “missing” data, and how should you proceed for each? First, it is useful to recognize that there may be several explanations for the “missing” data. Among these are: ● The missing data was acquired by someone else who maintained a separate lab notebook and stored computer files differently. ● The missing data was acquired by the same person who acquired the rest of the data, but for some reason the records were not maintained in the same fashion. ● The missing data in fact never existed. Of these three possibilities, only the third involves serious misconduct, while the other two possibilities involve problems in record keeping. Given the information you have at this point, it is premature to conclude that misconduct has taken place. A logical first step is to find out if other people were involved in acquiring data for the publication in question. If you are unable to track down the missing data this way, you could ask your research advisor about it directly. It is more likely that this is just a record keeping problem, so avoid any questions that sound accusatory. If you are unable to resolve the matter at this level, you should talk to a carefully chosen outside party. It is not necessarily wise to talk to fellow graduate students about the issue. It is not clear that they will have the experience or perspective to assess the situation and you may unwittingly start unfounded rumors about your lab. You could consider talking to the department head if you think he or she is an objective third party. You could also talk to your institution’s Misconduct Policy Officer. Your institution’s research development office can provide contact information. Finally, it is worth noting that careful record keeping can help prevent misunderstandings. If someone else was had collected the missing data, a cross-reference in the two lab notebooks would have been helpful. Similarly, if one person accumulated all of the data but the information was stored differently, that point should be noted in his or her lab book. Health & Safety Case Study: Hazardous Materials Q: What responsibility does the PI have in considering the new, potentially dangerous material for the research? The PI has total responsibility to ensure that all his students are well conversant with the chemical element; he has to make them aware of the dangers of new material. Q: What role should the students have in making this decision? The PI needs to educate the students on different preventive measures to apply when risks and accidents attributed by the new hazardous material occurs. Q: If there is a decision to go ahead with the work, what is the PI’s responsibility in terms of providing information and training? The PI should ensure that there is no hazardous condition or operations in the research lab; this is by providing prior-approval for harmful substances in the lab. Besides, the PI should also ensure that personal protective equipment PPEs are well utilized and well maintained. Q: How should he or she proceed with setting up these new experiments in a manner that might ensure the safety of his students? The PI has to alert lab operators and the students on the presence of potential lab-related dangers and provide clear guidelines on how to handle an accident to ensure student safety. Name: Description: ...
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