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Score: _______/50
A. PICK YOUR POISON.
Read carefully each statement and pick between the three choices below that correspond to what the statement is referring to. (2
points each, 10 points total)
SOCRATES PLATO ARISTOTLE
1. He is considered the father of Western logic. _______________
2. He is a student of Socrates. _______________
3. He is considered to be a political and moral gadfly in Ancient Athens. _______________
4. He is known for introducing the first formal system in logic. _______________
5. He is regarded as the father of modern/Western Philosophy. _______________
B. MATCHING TYPE.
Read carefully the definitions from Column A and match them to the Logical Fallacies in Column B. (2 points each, 10 points total)
Column A Column B
1. A fallacy wherein one reasons from an either-or position when
there are actually other relevant possibilities/choices.
2. A fallacy of defective induction in which one moves carelessly
from a single case, or a very few cases, to a large-scale
generalization about all or most cases.
3. A fallacy in which something that is not really the cause of
something else is treated as its cause.
4. A fallacy where the conclusion is just based on one of its
assumed premises. (A is B because B is A).
5. A fallacy wherein one assumes something is untrue because /he
does not understand it.
a. Hasty Generalization
b. Personal Incredulity
c. Circular Reasoning/Argument
d. False Dilemma/Dichotomy
e. False Cause
ANSWERS:
1. ____
2. ____
3. ____
4. ____
5. ____
C. SITUATIONALS. From the logical fallacies mentioned in Part B, choose ONE and create a real-life example or scenario. (5 points)
D. LOGIC AND REASONING. Differentiate the 3 types of reasoning discussed in our Week 2 class: DEDUCTIVE, INDUCTIVE, and
ABDUCTIVE. (5 points)
E. MAKE A STAND. In our discussion on metaphysics, Plato, an idealist, believed that what is real resided in our minds. His student,
Aristotle, however, disagreed and was in fact a realist, believing that matter, knowledge, and values exist regardless of the human mind.
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When it comes to defining what is real, are you more of an idealist or more of a realist? Explain clearly and concisely in 5-7
sentences. (10 points)
F. ESSAY. Socrates, a known gadfly, and Rene Descartes, a skeptic, are similar in terms of having to always challenge or doubt what exists
(or the status quo).
Why is it important to have such quality to doubt or question things from time to time, just like scientists and journalists? Explain clearly
and concisely in 5-7 sentences. (10 points)

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Score: _______/50 A. PICK YOUR POISON. Read carefully each statement and pick between the three choices below that correspond to what the statement is referring to. (2 points each, 10 points total) SOCRATES PLATO ARISTOTLE 1. He is considered the father of Western logic. _______________ 2. He is a student of Socrates. _______________ 3. He is considered to be a political and moral gadfly in Ancient Athens. _______________ 4. He is known for introducing the first formal system in logic. _______________ 5. He is regarded as the father of modern/Western Philosophy. _______________ B. MATCHING TYPE. Read carefully the definitions from Column A and match them to the Logical Fallacies in Column B. (2 points each, 10 points total) Column A Column B 1. A fallacy wherein one reasons from an either-or position when c. Circular Reasoning/Argument there are actually other relevant possibilities/choices. d. False Dilemma/Dichotomy e. False Cause 2. A fallacy of defective induction in which one moves carelessly from a single case, or a very few cases, to a large-scale generalization about all or most cases. 3. A fallacy in which something that is not really the cause of something else is treated as its cause. 4. A fallacy where the conclusion is just based on one of its assumed premises. (A is B because B is A). ANSWERS: 1. ____ 2. ____ 5. A fallacy wherein one assumes something is untrue because /he 3. ____ does not understand it. 4. ____ a. Hasty Generalization b. Personal Incredulity 5. ____ C. SITUATIONALS. From the logical fallacies mentioned in Part B, choose ONE and create a real-life example or scenario. (5 points) D. LOGIC AND REASONING. Differentiate the 3 types of reasoning discussed in our Week 2 class: DEDUCTIVE, INDUCTIVE, and ABDUCTIVE. (5 points) E. MAKE A STAND. In our discussion on metaphysics, Plato, an idealist, believed that what is real resided in our minds. His student, Aristotle, however, disagreed and was in fact a realist, believing that matter, knowledge, and values exist regardless of the human mind. When it comes to defining what is real, are you more of an idealist or more of a realist? Explain clearly and concisely in 5-7 sentences. (10 points) F. ESSAY. Socrates, a known gadfly, and Rene Descartes, a skeptic, are similar in terms of having to always challenge or doubt what exists (or the status quo). Why is it important to have such quality to doubt or question things from time to time, just like scientists and journalists? Explain clearly and concisely in 5-7 sentences. (10 points) Name: Description: ...
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