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How does being in care affect children's development later in life?
Name of the Student
Department Institution Affiliation, University Institution Affiliation
Module Title Name. Module Title Numeric
Professor’s Name Title
Due Date of Submission
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Table of Contents
Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 4
Keywords ........................................................................................................................................ 6
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 7
1.1 Background synopsis ........................................................................................................... 7
1.6 Aims and Objectives ................................................................................................................. 8
1.6.1 General aims and objective .................................................................................................... 8
1.6.2 Specific aims and objectives .................................................................................................. 9
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................................... 10
2.1 Theoretical framework of study .............................................................................................. 10
2.1.1 Erickson’s psychosocial theory............................................................................................ 10
2.1.2 Behavarial child development theory .................................................................................. 10
2.1.3 Piaget's cognitive development theory ................................................................................ 11
2.2 Literature Review (Empirical context) ................................................................................... 12
2.2.1 Child take care as a policy issue .......................................................................................... 12
2.2.2 Contributions of the child take care ..................................................................................... 12
2.3 Identification of the research gaps .......................................................................................... 13
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY & METHODS ............................................................. 14
3.1 Methodology and research methods ....................................................................................... 14
3.2 Steps used in conducting the literature review ....................................................................... 14
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3.3 Inclusion and exclusion criteria that were used in the research .............................................. 14
3.3.1 Inclusion criteria .................................................................................................................. 15
3.3.2 Exclusion criteria ................................................................................................................. 15
3.4 Search terms to be used ........................................................................................................... 15
3.5 Journals and databases to refer to ........................................................................................... 16
3.6 Plan for data analysis .............................................................................................................. 16
3.7 The relationship of the method used with worldview ............................................................. 17
3.8 Justification of decisions made and consequences, strengths, and weaknesses ..................... 17
3.9 The contribution of your study to social work practice/theory ............................................... 17
Upon the completion of the research study, several aspects will be accomplished and will be
significant on them. These prospective areas are discussed as below: ......................................... 17
3.10 Timeline ................................................................................................................................ 19
3.11Recommendations .................................................................................................................. 22
3.12 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................ 23
Annotated bibliography ................................................................................................................ 25
Reference list ................................................................................................................................ 32
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Abstract
The study of this research is the contributions of how being in care affects children’s
development. The study seeks to analyze the various contributions of how being in care affects
children’s development in life using a case analysis of the department of education in the United
Kingdom. The work of this research was important in that it creates knowledge that is reliable
and authentic. The work gives room for future research on the topic or related topics and as well
increases the readers’ knowledge base. The research tests the theories that relate to child
development, health, and other social aspects. The research gives me skills for solving problems
systematically and authentically in ensuring that the research examines the life situations and
aspects.
The methodology of the research lies in the analysis planning and the roadmap of events
that I intended to use. The research on journals and publications using the desk-top research
helps in finding the data and useful information for the study of this research topic. The use of
secondary data was not only helpful but eased my work of research for the reason that all the
required information for the research was available and observations were made by examining
the behavioral patterns of the children. The collection of the published information, as well as the
scholarly journals, were used as the core baseline of information and data for analysis as well as
the Become childcare databases in the United Kingdom. The segment of the target group was the
children below 18 years of age and the care leavers who attained more than 18 years of age. The
population of children in care was 108,175 children in the care facilities in the United Kingdom
as of 2020-2021.
The results of this research were based on more of the findings was on the development
of the child. The child develops good behavior, character, personality, self-esteem, problem-
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solving skills, and the maturity of the brain. Inversely, the child may not develop the positive
character or behavior that is expected and he/ she may develop a bad character and diverse
beliefs and opinions on the situation they are in. The conclusion is deprived and summarized that
child health and development in life is a responsibility to take.
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Keywords
Child care This involves the government looking after children in
care homes
Constructivist This is reliance of qualitative analysis rather than
quantitative analysis
Child development This involves the stages under which a child undergoes in
order to become an intelligent and responsible adult
Hypothesis The test of analysis that interprets on the correlation
between the independent and dependent variables in a case
analysis
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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background synopsis
The children's development in life is affected by being in care in the United Kingdom.
The children are taken into care when they cannot stay at their homes due to them being insecure
or their parents cannot take care of them. The orogenesis of being taken in care is that the
countries in the United Kingdom have a total of about 108,175 children in the care facilities
distributed in the state of England, Wales, Scotland, and North Ireland. A quarter of the children
in the care facilities range between the age of 16-17 and 7 in 10 experience placements in
schools or social workers in a year. The reason and rationales that may attribute to the children's
being taken into care is the abuse that can be from their parents or by the guardians in case their
parents are not alive. The child may be neglected in a manner that seems not rightful as of the
lack of being taken care of properly due to the parents being irresponsible or drug addict. The
families can break up and resulting in the child being taken into care by either the parents'
resolution. Also, the child can or may be disabled or the parent hence the child ending up being
taken care of by the charity homes.
The child landing into the care is not by fortune it may be from the court order by the
family courts in the region or by being accommodated by the local authorities. I have an interest
in the research of these contributions brought about by the action of being taken care of in the
child’s development in life. In my life, I have in one way or the other seen my fellow friends go
through this situation and this motivated me to do this research and therefore to come up with a
contextualized work. The project emerged as a reflection of reading and corresponded to the
interest of doing this research. The research is of value to the Ministries of education of the
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countries in the United Kingdom and therefore the welfare of the children is the key factor to be
considered for they are the leaders of tomorrow.
The correlation between the contributions of taking care of children and the child's
development in life corresponds with the care they are given and what they are informed
mentally and psychologically this is according to (Clarke-Stewart et al, 2007). The research lies
in the positive contributions of the child being taken care of. The child may develop good
behavior in the facility given that the caregivers are professional and trained for the same
purpose. Problem-solving- skills are crucial for any person and therefore the care gives the child
an opportunity to develop these skills that will make them solve life problems and stand up for
the best as is suggested by many scholars (Raalte, et al, 2017) that the child can be able to
overcome life problems and offer solutions to them.
The care gives the child help in cognitive and psychological maturity in that the integrity
quotient is developed and this will enable the child to make informed decisions in matters about
life. The child can develop personality typologies such as averages, reserved, role-models, and
self-centered. The identity of the child is also created by the belief, appearance of the child that
will help develop the character of the child. The fact that the child can go to the care facility and
develop a positive result in their life, the underlying problem can be tracked down on the other
fact that many can develop bad character, belief, personality traits or develop a negative attribute
to life.
1.6 Aims and Objectives
1.6.1 General aims and objective
The general aims and objectives of the study are to investigate, assess, examine and
justify the contribution of how being in care affects children's development in life using the case
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analysis of the department for education in the United Kingdom The research study, therefore,
intends to accumulate qualitative and quantitative findings that will help in making sure that the
objectives of the research are satisfied to outline verifiable findings.
1.6.2 Specific aims and objectives
It’s important to ensure that a research study has to have the aims and the objectives of a
study. They are significant in that the study seeks to ensure that the contexts and prospects are
defined. This will help in the planning all outlines of the study for the successful implementation
of the study.
The first aim and objective of the research study were to investigate if good behaviour
has contributed towards affecting children's development at the department of education in the
United Kingdom The second aim and objective of the research study was to assess if problem-
solving skills have a contribution towards affecting children's development at the department of
education in the United Kingdom The third aims and objective of the research study was to
examine if cognitive & psychological maturity have a contribution towards affecting children's
development at the department of education in the United Kingdom. The fourth aim and
objective of the research study was to investigate if the developments of personality and identity
have a contribution towards affecting children's development at the department of education in
the United Kingdom.
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CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical framework of the study
2.1.1 Erickson’s psychosocial theory
The Erickson psychological theory is based on the aspect that whereby it seeks to
identify, illustrate and consolidate the various aspects of explaining how the impact of
psychological contributions and attributes signify on the social attributes of a child’s
development. This theory was developed by Erick Erickson who was a student of Freud (he was
the pioneer of the Freudian classic theory). He conducted several prepositions that helped in
making sure that the theory of Erickson's psychosocial theory was developed and transformed
into the modern twentieth world of education. The Erickson educational and philosophical theory
is one of the most common theories that have been used since the inception of modern education
that seeks to shape the understanding of most aspects of children’s development. The theory
makes efforts on investigating how children undergo differentiated stages and how each stage
has an influencing factor on the success of the children.
2.1.2 Behavarial child development theory
The behavioral development theory is a hypothetical analysis theory that is mainly
concerned with understanding and explaining how the concept of behaviour is influenced by the
concept whereby of various social attribution concepts. The behavioural child development
theory seeks to understand that every child undergoes a sequence of understanding whereby he
or she can accumulate several different behaviors from the understanding of either how other
human beings correlate in the environment or what they can absorb in terms of behavior or
attitude training from their senior adults. This theory seeks to make a sensitization that it is
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important to understand how to bring up a child in the right behavior that they can be able to
absorb since children are very easy to adopt behaviors from their senior adults.
The theory explains that it is important to ensure that if by any chance a child's parents or
guardian has to ensure that they can reflect a trait of good character to enhance their behavior
prospects.
2.1.3 Piaget's cognitive development theory
The foundation basis of this theory is to ensure that it explains and elucidates on a
student’s mental and psychological thought concepts. This theory seeks to ensure that it explains
how children’s thoughts may be influenced by how people tend to treat them in their
environments. The theory explains that it is important to factor out that every adult individual
should ensure that they can foster various important attributes to make sure that a person’s
thought patterns do not get affected in any way possible. This theory also elucidates that for
sustainable and growthful development of the brain there needs to facilitate for the development
agenda of creating peace and a sustainable stable mind to ensure that the cognitive thoughts can
generate positive thoughts that can be able to motivate the child's development. The origin and
pioneer of this theory were to ensure that there is an understanding on how to ensure that
children at a tender age were able to attain a better understanding of how to become responsible
children who have a positive thought pattern. It was identified if a child has a positive thought
pattern, it would ensure that it facilitates on the positive character development of the child.
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2.2 Literature Review (Empirical context)
2.2.1 Child take care as a policy issue
In the early British civilisation especially in the early 17
th
century, there was the aspect of
ensuring that children can get a special initiative programme that would help to consolidate on
making sure those children who either were orphans or children who were street children. This
initiative was seemed to get to a state of promising situation whereby the initiative was able to
ensure that children who are young and still facing challenges get to be allocated a place
whereby they can seek care and attention for better development. This approach was also
instituted by most of the Congress governments of the United Kingdom (which included
England, Scotland & Wales). In the year 1901, the United Kingdom government ensured that the
provision of this initiative was well achieved and the government made a congress bill whereby
the United Kingdom government facilitated the action of seeking to donate funds. The ministry
of the British treasury was able to account that a cumulative of 150 billion starling pounds were
facilitated to cater for this child take care programs to attain all the basic requirements for
sustainable development of the children being taken care of by the British government.
2.2.2 Contributions of the child take care
There are a lot of contributions that so far has been instituted upon the successful
implementation of this policy by the United Kingdom government. The child takes care program
has been successful in that it helped to ensure that children that were at risk of undergoing death
cases in the United Kingdom. Under this case, most of the beneficiaries of these programs were
mainly street children who were able to attain standards of care and also a place to stay in the
United Kingdom. There were also other cases in the United Kingdom that had reports on how
children were becoming more rebellious, especially children that were being raised by parents
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who are either influenced with violence cases or either alcoholism. These children were observed
to attain a good understanding of how to properly stay within the community. It was also
observed that the co-existence of this child take care initiative programs were of significance
towards the cognitive concept of the healing of this children. It was observed that these children
were able to receive a state of relaxation and healing once they receive all the necessary care that
they are offered in the child take care organization.
2.3 Identification of the research gaps
The literature review has been able to identify an occurrence of a particular knowledge
gap and a research gap. It was identified that despite a lot of conceptive research being carried
out on the positive prospective aspect of child take care and the contributions it brings for child
development. There is the an occurrence that has been observed whereby the children that
undergoing this take care programs are not able to progressively attain the expected outcome of
becoming mature and developed individuals that have all the necessary good personality
qualities. There have been cases whereby there are instances whereby some of this children
lefties end up still becoming individuals that cause trouble in the society. There needs to be
research to ascertain if by any chance there is a contribution of how being in care affects
children’s development in life. The occurrence of this aspect forms the basis of acknowledging
the statement of the research problem, whereby the despite the positive attributive achievement
of implementation of the child take care program, there is still a limitation that co-exists whereby
some of this children in the take care programs still end up becoming people who are
irresponsible despite a lot of mentorship they receive. This therefore facilitates the need to
undertake a research on the contribution of how being in care affects children’s development in
life
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CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY & METHODS
3.1 Methodology and research methods
The outlined overview of the research methods is the use of secondary data analysis for
the case study focus groups as in the children and the future life. The methods relate to the
underlying methodology of observation and data derivation for analysis and finding results for
the research question using the qualitative research methodology. The engagement with the
literature with the methods is the collection of publicized information and scholarly journals. The
following are the steps that are used to conduct the literature review.
3.2 Steps used in conducting the literature review
The following are the precise steps that were used to conduct the literature review.
1.Search for relevant literature material that will go in hand with the research topic.
2.Evaluation of the sources of the information to ascertain that it is usable and reliable.
3.Identification of theme, debates, and gaps in the topic area of the research.
4.Structure outline of the literature review and the final outlook.
5.The literature review writing following the structure outlined to come up with an adoptive
material for the research topic to the audience and the aid to the sectors that will find it
helpful.
3.3 Inclusion and exclusion criteria that were used in the research
The following are the criteria used in the inclusion and exclusion in the research and they
were very helpful in ensuring that this research was a success. They outlined the important parts
to do the research and pinpointed the points of least importance to the study of the case of the
research question.
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3.3.1 Inclusion criteria
The raw data provided to illustrate themes.
The qualitative methodology to the essence of finding results for the research.
Focus on the observations of the study area.
The behavioral study of the children in the United Kingdom and the development they
undergo.
The focus is on the problem solved by these children and the commentaries about their
character.
The childcare act 2016 in the United Kingdom legislation.
3.3.2 Exclusion criteria
The data not from the United Kingdom about child care.
The data and information that is not published.
The non-constitutional materials pertaining the children’s act.
3.4 Search terms to be used
Contributions of being in care to the child development life.
Being in care.
Benefits of children being in care.
Care, health, and development.
Child and youth care forum.
Child care and education.
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