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Who was Giulio Natta?
Polymerization
Polymerization is a process in which monomers chemically combine to produce a polymer. a
polymer is a big chain-like network of monomers. Monomers are very small molecules. A
molecule is basically a group of atoms chemically bonded together.
The monomer used in polymerization they may represent two or more different compounds or
may be alike. More than 100 monomers must combine to make a unique polymer with unique
physical properties like the ability to form fibers, high tensile strength, or elasticity.
Giulio Natta was an Italian chemist, and professor born in Imperia, Genoa in 1903 who
significantly contributed to the development of high polymers. These polymers are used in the
manufacture of synthetic rubber, fibers, films, and plastics. He is a famous scientist who began
his career by studying solids through electron diffraction and X-rays. Natta is best known for his
discovery of the ZieglerNatta catalyst which is used in the production of polymers and earned
him the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1963. He jointly shared the prize with Karl Ziegler for their
discovery in the technology and chemistry of high polymers. Natta also won the Lomonosov
Gold Medal in 1969 for his outstanding achievements in natural science.

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