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Chapter 1 Topic 1
Republic Act No. 1425. Rizal Law
APRIL 3, 1956 Committee on Education filed
Senate Bill No. 433
Senate Bill No. 438- First Rizal Bill
The original version of the Bill was to
make NOLI and EL FILI a Compulsory
Reading Matter in all Public and Private
Colleges and Universities
The Bill entails that any Schools that
does not comply with the provisions
shall be dismissed immediately from the
service
Proponent: Sen. Recto
Opposition: Catholic Church
Objectives of Bill:
Disseminate the ideas and ideals of
Jose Rizal through the reading of his
works
Noli and El Fili will remind us of our
defects, strength, virtues and vices.
Be conscious with the painful sacrifices
which lead to self-reliance, self-respect
and freedom.
Foster the better appreciation of Rizal’s
times and of the role he played in
combatting Spanish Tyranny
April 17, 1956 tension started when Sen. Jose
P. Laurel sponsored the Bill.
April 19, 1956 Cong. Jacobo Z. Gonzales
introduce an identical copy of the Bill 438, the
House Bill 5561.
House Bill 5561 removed word ‘compulsory’.
Chapter 1 -Topic 2
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso
Realonda born (June 19, 1861), Calamba
Laguna,
Info’s:
He is the 7th Child
Father: Francisco Mercado II
Mother: Teodora Alonso Realonda
Has 10 siblings, 9 sisters, 1 brother
Brother: Paciano Rizal
RIZAL’S FAMILY BACKGROUND
FRANCISCO MERCADO RIZAL Rizal’s
Father. Industrious farmer whom Rizal
called as A MODEL OF FARMERS, came
from Binan, Laguna.
TEODORA ALONZO Y QUINTOZ Rizal’s
mother. A highly cultured and accomplished
woman whom Rizal called “loving and
prudent” mother was born in Meisic, St.
Cruz, Manila.
SATURNINA RIZAL - Eldest child of the
Rizal-Alonzo marriage. Married Manuel
Timoteo Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas.
PACIANO RIZAL (1851-1930)- Only brother
of Jose Rizal and the second child. Studied
at San Jose College in Manila; became a
farmer and later a general of the Philippine
Revolution.
NARCISA RIZAL (1852-1939)- The third
child. Married Antonio Lopez at Morong,
Rizal; a teacher and musician.
OLYMPIA RIZAL (1855-1887) - The fourth
child. Married Silvestre Ubaldo; died in 1887
from childbirth.
LUCIA RIZAL (1857-1919) - The fifth child.
Married Matriano Herbosa.
MARIA RIZAL (1859-1945)- The sixth child.
Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Binan,
Laguna.
CONCEPCION RIZAL (1862-1865)- The
eigth child. She was the closest sister of
Rizal but died at the age of three. It was
considered as rizal’s first sorrow.
JOSEFA RIZAL (1865-1945) - The ninth
child. An epileptic, died a spinster.
TRINIDAD RIZAL (1868-1951) - The tenth
child. Died a spinster and the last of the
family to die.
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SOLEDAD RIZAL (1870-1929)- The
youngest child married Pantaleon Quintero.
MEANING OF JOSE RIZAL’S NAME.
José - was chosen by his mother who was a
devotee of the Christian saint San Jose (St.
Joseph)
Protacio suggested by a family friend
which come from a Christian Calendar
Mercado adopted in 1731 by Domingo
Lamco, a businessman (the parternal great
great grandfather of Rizal) which means
“Market”
Rizal from the word racial which means a
field where wheat, cut while still green,
sprouts again
Alonso an old surname of his mother
Y and
Realonda used by his mother from the
surname of Rizal’s godmother
Chapter 1 Topic 3
Rizal’s 1
st
teacher her mother
Doña Teodara discovers Rizal’s talent in
poetry.
RIZAL IN BIÑAN
Maestro Justiniano - Rizal’s teacher in
Binan Laguna. Implements barbarous
punishments in teaching.
June, 1869 Rizal left for Binan,
Was accompanied by Paciano his older
brother
In academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan
boys
He surpassed them all in Spanish, Latin,
and other subjects
Pedro, son of Spanish teacher always
asks for fights.
He was always envied, and
discriminated
RIZAL IN ATENEO- entered in 1872
He belonged to mix class
Fr. Jose Bech his teacher
Took private lessons in Santa Isabel
College
Graduated as Sobresaliente with 5
medals
Graduated March 23, 1877(16 years
old)
Segunda Katigbak first love
RIZAL IN STO. TOMAS-
Finished A year in Philosophy and
Letters
Then moved to medical
Entered medicine to cure mother’s
eyesight

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