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Review Test Submission: Exam - Week 11
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User
What is the link between major depression and cortisol secretion?
Selected
Answer:
Individuals with depression show that persistently elevated plasma
cortisol levels can result in inflammation that is believed to trigger
depression.
A patient has chronic anemia associated with chronic renal failure. What substance does
the healthcare professional tell the patient is needed to treat this anemia?
Selected
Answer:
Erythropoietin
What is the first indication of nephrotic syndrome in children?
Question 3
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Question 2
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Question 1
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Selected
Answer:
Periorbital
edema
A patient is in the Emergency Department with heat stroke. What finding does the
healthcare provider associate with this condition?
Selected
Answer:
Absence of sweating despite a high core
temperature
Clinical manifestations that include irregular or heavy bleeding, the passage of large
clots, and the depletion of iron stores support which diagnosis?
Selected
Answer:
Polycystic ovary
syndrome
The health care professional is caring for a person who has a pathologic fracture. The
patient asks the professional to explain the condition. What response by the professional
is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
A fracture that happens at the site of an abnormality already
in that bone.
A patient has a temporary displacement of two bones in a joint causing the bone
surfaces to partially lose contact with each other. What treatment does the health care
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professional prepare the patient for?
Selected
Answer:
Reduction and
immobilization
Question 8
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Cystic fibrosis is characterized by which symptom?
Selected
Answer:
Excessive mucus
production
An infant has gluten-sensitive enteropathy and the parents ask the healthcare
professional to explain why the baby bruises so easily. The professional explains that the
baby has which deficit?
Selected
Answer:
Vitamin K deficiency from fat
malabsorption
A healthcare professional advises a pregnant woman to add supplements of which
nutrient to her diet to prevent birth defects?
Selected
Answer:
Folat
e
A mother reports that her young teens have voracious appetites. The healthcare
professional would explain that which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during
puberty?
Selected
Answer:
Lepti
n
Question 12
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Question 11
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Question 10
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Question 9
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Why is nasal congestion a serious threat to young infants?
Selected
Answer:
Infants are obligatory nose
breathers.
Question 13
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A student studying osteomyelitis and asks for an explanation of the term sequestrum.
What response by the professor is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
An area of devascularized and devitalized
bone
Which statement by the healthcare professional accurately describes childhood asthma?
Selected
Answer:
An obstructive airway disease characterized by reversible airflow
obstruction, bronchial hyperreactivity, and
inflammation
A patient has a spinal cord injury at C4. What should the healthcare professional assess
as the priority in this patient?
Selected
Answer:
Respirations
Which cells function to maintain bone matrix?
Selected
Answer:
Osteocytes
Question 17
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To quickly assess a patient's nervous system for dysfunction, what assessment should
the healthcare professional perform as the
priority
?
Selected
Answer:
Level of
consciousness
Question 18
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What is the effect of low plasma albumin?
Selected
Answer:
Osmotic pressure decreases; thus water moves from the capillaries
to the interstitium.
Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma?
Selected
Answer:
IgE
Which mother does the healthcare professional prepare to administer Rh immune
globulin (Rho-GAM) to?
Selected
Answer:
Is Rh-negative and the fetus is Rh-
positive
A parent brings a 10-year-old child to the clinic and reports a mottled appearance to the
skin and legs cramps when the child is in physical education class. Physical assessment
positive for upper extremity hypertension. What diagnostic testing or treatment does the
healthcare professional prepare the family for?
Selected
Answer:
An
echocardiogram
Question 21
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Question 20
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Question 19
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In order to help prevent a preadolescent girl from developing later cervical cancer, which
virus does the healthcare professional recommend vaccination against to the parent?
Selected
Answer:
Human papillomavirus
(HPV)
Question 23
Question 22
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Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to
the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of
pain?
Selected
Answer:
Gate control theory
(GCT)
A newborn baby displays jaundice 20 hours after birth. What action by the healthcare
professional is
most
appropriate?
Selected
Answer:
Draw blood to measure total
bilirubin.
What causes the vasomotor flushes (hot flashes) that are associated with declining
ovarian function with age?
Selected
Answer:
Decreased estrogen
levels
In acute hypothermia, what physiologic change shunts blood away from the colder skin
to the body core in an effort to decrease heat loss?
Selected
Answer:
Peripheral
vasoconstriction
Question 26
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How does the epididymis become infected?
Selected
Answer:
The pathogenic microorganisms ascend the vasa deferentia from an
already infected urethra or bladder.
Question 27
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What are the clinical manifestations of testicular cancer?
Selected
Answer:
Firm, nontender testicular
mass
A healthcare professional is discussing breast feeding with a pregnant woman. Which
beneficial substance does the professional tell the mother is found in breast milk?
Selected
Answer:
IgA
The disruption in cellular adhesion observed in bullous impetigo is caused by an
exfoliative toxin related to which organism?
Selected
Answer:
Staphylococcus
aureus
A patient has been exposed to prolonged high environmental temperatures and now
shows signs of dehydration, decreased plasma volumes, hypotension, decreased cardiac
output, and tachycardia. What treatment does the healthcare professional prepare to
administer to this patient?
Selected
Answer:
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Question 29
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Question 28
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A
d
m
i
n
i
ster salty beverages to the
patient.
A woman who is positive for hepatitis B is in labor. What action by the healthcare
professional is
most
appropriate?
Selected
Immunize the newborn within 12
Question 32
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Answer:
hours.
A healthcare professional is planning a community event to reduce risk of
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in high risk groups. Which group would the professional
target as the priority?
Selected
Answer:
Hypertension
A pregnant woman is seen for the first time at 6 months' gestation and has not taken
prenatal vitamins. The healthcare professional educates the woman on the need for a
blood test specifically to assess what substance?
Selected
Answer:
a-Fetoprotein
A healthcare professional is seeing a patient with suspected schizophrenia. For which
prenatal occurrence should the professional assess?
Selected
Answer:
Maternal
depression
What congenital malformation is commonly linked to acute leukemia in children?
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Selected
Answer:
Down
syndrome
Parents bring their 1-year-old child to the emergency department, reporting that the
child has been irritable and pounding on her head, has projectile vomiting, and seems
very sleepy for most of the last 3 days. What diagnostic testing does the healthcare
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professional prepare the child and parents for as the priority?
Selected
Answer:
Lumbar puncture with CSF
cultures
A patient in the hospital has been receiving heparin injections. The platelet count on
admission was 222,000/mm
3
and four days later is 113,000/mm
3
. What action by the
healthcare professional is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
Prepare to transfuse the patient with
platelets.
Question 39
0 out of 1 points
A healthcare professional works with recent refugees. A mother brings in her children
who have been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. What action by the professional
is
most
appropriate?
Selected
Answer:
Educate the mother on an iron-
rich diet.
Which patient finding would lead the health care professional to assess the patient for
inflammatory joint disease?
Selected
Answer:
Systemic symptoms of
inflammation
Question 41
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Question 40
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Question 38
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Review Test Submission: Exam - Week 11
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A student asks the professor what the most common pathophysiologic process is that
triggers aplastic anemia (AA). What response by the professor is
most
accurate?
Selected
Answer:
Autoimmune disease against hematopoiesis by activated cytotoxic
T (Tc) cells
Question 42
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A student is learning about pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). What information does the
student clarify with a study partner as being correct?
Selected
Answer:
Such an inflammation may result in permanent changes to the ciliated
epithelium of the fallopian tubes.
A patient in the healthcare clinic reports fatigue, weakness, and dyspnea, as well as pale
conjunctiva of the eyes and brittle, concave nails. What assessment by the healthcare
professional is
most
appropriate for the suspected anemia?
Selected
Answer:
Skin and sclera for normal
coloration
A patient is 8 hours postoperative after a long orthopedic procedure. The student asks
why this patient is at particular risk of developing a thromboembolism. What response by
the healthcare professional is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
Patients tend to have venous stasis from orthopedic
operations.
A healthcare professional suspects a patient is brain dead. How would the professional
assess for brain death?
Selected
Answer:
Monitor the patient for eye movements that seem
purposeful.
Question 45
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Question 44
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An adult patient has been hospitalized with thrombocytopenia with a platelet count of
8000/mm
3
. What action by the healthcare professional is
most
appropriate?
Selected
Answer:
Prepare the patient for transfusions of
whole blood.
Question 47
Question 46
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A child with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is voiding smoky, brown-colored
urine and asks the healthcare professional to explain what causes it. What explanation
by the professional is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
Presence of red blood
cells
A patient has pernicious anemia and asks the healthcare professional to explain the
disease. Which statement by the professional is
most
accurate?
Selected
Answer:
Your body cannot absorb
vitamin B
12
.
In immunoglobulin G (IgG) nephropathies such as glomerulonephritis, IgG is deposited in
which location?
Selected
Answer:
Glomerulus basement
membranes
A child has iron deficiency anemia. In addition to iron supplements, what else does the
healthcare professional educate the parents on giving the child?
Selected
Answer:
Vitamin
C
Question 50
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Question 49
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Question 48
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1 out of 1 points
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When are childhood cancers most often diagnosed?
Selected
Answer:
After an acute
illness
Question 51
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Without prior exposure to an antigen, which cells are able to destroy some types of
tumor cells and some virus-infected cells?
Selected
Answer:
Lymphocytes
A patient has hepatomegaly, bronze-colored skin, and cardiac dysrhythmias. What
condition does the healthcare professional prepare to teach the patient about?
Selected
Answer:
Pernicious
anemia
How should the healthcare professional reply when parents question why a computed
tomographic (CT) scan of the head was not ordered for their 5-year-old child after a
minor fall?
Selected
Answer:
CT scans are seldom conclusive when used to diagnosis head
injuries in young children.
A healthcare professional is trying to lower a patient's body temperature by convection.
What action by the professional will accomplish this?
Selected
Answer:
Question 55
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Question 53
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Question 52
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O
b
t
a
i
n
a fan and set it to blow over the patient.
A patient has primary immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and is hospitalized after a
bleeding episode. What treatment does the healthcare provider anticipate being ordered
for this patient?
Question 56
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Selected
Answer:
Infusion of
IVIG
A student reads in a chart that a child has been diagnosed with mixed precocious
puberty and asks for an explanation. What explanation by the healthcare professional
is
most
accurate?
Selected
Answer:
When early puberty has signs of physical and hormonal
abnormalities
A woman attempting to conceive tells the healthcare professional that she and her
partner have intercourse when her basal body temperature (BBT) is around 37˚C (98˚F)
without getting pregnant. What information does the professional give the woman?
Selected
Answer:
BBT rises consistently above 37.8"1eC (100"1eF) with
ovulation.
A student reads in a chart that a baby was born with an encephalocele. The student asks
the healthcare professional to explain this condition. What explanation by the healthcare
professional is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
A herniation or protrusion of brain and meninges through a defect
in the skull
Question 60
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Question 59
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Question 58
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Question 57
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A student asks the healthcare professional why researchers are trying to link specific
genes to specific asthma phenotypes. What response by the professional is
best
?
Selected
Answer:
It can lead to personalized approaches to
treatment.
Question 61
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