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Questioned Documents
Bryan T. Yang, M.S. Justice
1. A document completely written and signed and dated by only one person is
known as____________.
a. Halograpic document c. Questioned document
b. Standard document d. disputed document
2. Refers to any material supplied by a written instrument to which an issue has
been raised or that which is under examination or investigation.
a. Questioned document c. disputed document
b. Standard document d. evidential document
3. It serves as the focal points of all document examination and it is where the
document examiner relies as to the determination of the appropriate examination
and the extent of the problem involved.
a. Questioned document c. disputed document
b. Standard document d. evidential document
4. There are three legal forms of evidence as provided in the rules of evidence.
Which of the following forms of evidence, is considered as the highest form of
proof being the one directly addressed to the senses of the court.
a. Real or object c. Documentary
b. Testimonial d. Experimental
5. Once a crime was committed application of various scientific crime-detection has
been found to be indispensable. A medico-legal who conducts an autopsy of the
body of the victim will have to prepare a report to be presented in court. What
form of evidence is a medico-legal report?
a. Real or object c. Documentary
b. Testimonial d. Experimental
6. These are sets of authentic document which will serve as a basis for comparison
with other matters in question?
a. Questioned document c. Sample
b. Standard document d. Exemplar
7. Specimen Document which are executed in the ordinary or regular course of
man’s activity.
a. Standard c. Collected or procured
b. Requested or dictated d. day to day standard
8. It refers to a few or some representative of the general population that will be
utilized for comparison with the questioned specimen?
a. Standard c. Sample
b. Exemplar d. Exhibit
9. In document examination when referring to contemporary documents this refers
a. Document which is more than 5 years before and after.
b. Document which are not more than 5 years before and after
c. Document which are more than 30 years
d. Document which are not more than 20 years
10. A type of a document which bears the seals of the office issuing and the
authorized signature to such document.
a. Public document c. private document
b. Official document d. commercial document
11. The following are public documents, EXCEPT
a. Written official acts, or records of the official acts of the sovereign authority,
official bodies and tribunals and public officers, whether of the Philippines, or of a
foreign country.
b. Documents acknowledged before a notary public.
c. Last will and testaments.
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d. Public records, kept in the Philippines, of private documents required by law to
be entered therein.
12. Before any private document offered as authentic is received in evidence, its due
execution and authenticity must be proved either:
a. By anyone who saw the document executed or written; or
b. By evidence of the genuineness of the signature or handwriting of the
c. Ancient document
d. A and b only
13. Paper which has been treated in such a way as to minimize the chance of a
successful forgery by erasure. Whether mechanical or chemical, being carried
our on any document of which it forms the basis is called?
a. Chemical paper c. tested paper
b. Safety paper d. polyethylene coated paper
14. A modern pen nib point which contains a reservoir of ink in a specially designed
back or chamber is described as_______? (best use to prevent forgery)
a. Ball-point pen c. Fountain pen
b. Fiber pen d. Signing pen
15. What is the first step in the procurement of handwriting exemplars?
a. Request for standard specimen
b. Study of the questioned specimen
c. Determine the writing instrument and paper used
d. Arrange for normal writing condition
16. Is the combination of the basic designs of letters and the writing movement which
was taught in school?
a. Copy book-form c. writing movement
b. System of writing d. letter form
17. It refers to the factor which relates the condition of the writer as well as the
circumstances under which the writing was prepared?
a. System of writing c. writing movement
b. Copy-book form d. writing condition
18. It refers to the blackboard illustration of the basic designs of letter which is
fundamental to the writing system.
a. System of writing c. letter forms
b. Copy book form d. writing movement
19. Mr. X is a construction worker who usually drink during payday. One time while
under the influence of liquor Mr. X executed a document. Due to his condition an
obvious deterioration is observed in his writing. Such Changes in his writing is
known as?
a. Natural variation c. transitory change
b. Permanent change d. Tremor
20. A specimen of writing which was executed without intention of changing the
usual writing habits. It is executed normally by the writer.
a. Natural writing c. disguised writing
b. Guided writing d. assisted writing
21. Writing forms can either be a disconnected or joined letter writings. What
specimen of writing is characterized by disconnected style?
a. Hand lettering c. cursive writing
b. Manuscript form d. rounded
22. Specimen of writing which was executed while the writer’s hand is at steadied.
a. Natural writing c. guided writing
b. Disguised writing d. assisted writing
23. A name of a person signed by himself on a document as an indication of
acceptance and recognition of its contents.
a. Forgery c. signature
b. Penmanship d. autograph
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24. A genuine signature which was used in the preparation of a simulated or traced
a. Authentic signature c. standard signature
b. Model signature d. evidential signature
25. It refers to the group of muscles which is responsible for the formation of the
upward strokes.
a. Flexor c. Lumbrical
b. Cortex d. extensor
26. If John Loud is known for ball-point pen, who is for the fountain pen?
a. Lewis Watterman c. Laszlo Biro
b. John Parker d. Lewis Parker
27. As a rule, it is easier to determine whether or not a signature is forgery, but it is
very difficult on the other hand to established who committed the forgery
a. the forger might be a left handed
b. imitation is one of the most effective means to disguise one’s handwriting
c. it might be a traced forgery
d. there should be no sufficient standard available
28. When document examiner as well as police are dealing with documents, the
most common problem they encountered are those concerning.
a. origin c. authorship
b. counterfeit d. content (alteration)
29. What is that type of signature which has been made in a particular date, time,
place and at a particular purpose of recording it.
a. model signature c. evidential signature
b. standard signature d. guided signature
30. Is a specimen of writing prepared with deliberate intent of altering the usual
writing habits in the hope of hiding his identity.
a. disguised writing c. handlettering
b. cursive d. block capital
31. Refers to the study of one’s handwriting in attempting to determine one’s
a. Agraphia c. graphology
b. Chromatography d.handwriting identification
32. Is the visible record of the written strokes resulting from a combination of
various factors associated to the motion of the pen. Is the overall quality of the
a. movement c. line quality
b. writing habits d. significant writing habits
33. Refers to the usual or normal deviations found in a repeated specimen of
individual’s handwriting.
a. Natural variation c. transitory change
b. permanent damage d. temporary defect
34. Known Father of Questioned Document
a. Albert S. Osborn c. John Augustus
b. Dr. Hans Gross d. Ordway Hilton
35. Is a type of writing movement that gives a great freedom of movement. Also
considered as the most skillful type of movement.
a. finger movement c. hand movement
b. forearm movement d. whole arm movement
36. A traced forgery of signature is not really a writing but a,
a. Retouching c. Drawing
b. Patching d. tremor of fraud
37. A sign of forgery in guided hand signature is;
a. Good pen control c. Uneven alignment
b. abrupt change in diretion d. Slanting strokes
38. Forged signature made by free hand movement and constant practice is called:
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a. Traced forgery c. Simulated forgery
b. Simple forgery d. spurious signature
39. What type of forgery is made when the writer’s exerts no effort to effect
resemblance or facsimile between the forged and the genuine signatures?
a. simple c. simulated
b. traced d. spurious
40. A type of forgery which involves fraudulent signature executed by actually
following the outline of a genuine signature with a writing instrument?
a. carbon outline process c. lasered
b. indention process d. traced
41. An instrument used in examination of water markings and fiber arrangement
where the source of light is coming either from the back or at the bottom of the paper
a. oblique light examination c. side light
b. ultra-violet light d. transmitted light
42. It is a ruled plastic or glass plates used in examination of handwriting slant.
a. Typewriting measuring test plates
b. handwriting slope measuring test plates
c. protractor
d. compass
43. Documents recover at the scene of the crime is best to be preserve by placing
them into a _______?
a. Paper envelope c. plastic envelope
b. plastic transparent envelope d. drawer
44. One of the most expensive tools used in document examination which is capable
of showing three dimensional enlargement of the specimen under examination.
a. measuring test plates c. magnifying lens
b. ultra-violet light gadget d. stereoscopic microscope
45. It is an interruption in strokes cause by sudden removal of the writing
instrument to the paper surface.
a. pen emphasis c. pen shading
b. pen pressure d. pen lift
46. It refers to the sudden increased in pressure or the intermittently forcing the pen
against the paper surface with an increase in speed.
a. pen pressure c. pen emphasis
b. pen shading d. retouching
47. A strokes which goes back over another writing stroke designed to correct a
defective portion of a writing also known as patching.
a. retouching c. retracing
b. pen lifting d. tremor
48. It is the increase in the width of strokes or the widening of the ink stroke brought
about by the use of flexible pen nib point.
a. pen emphasis c. pen pressure
b. shading d. retouching
49. It is the usual or the normal force applied by a writer every time he executes a
natural writing.
a. pen pressure c. pen emphasis
b. retracing d. retouching
50. It is the average limit of the pen or the reach of the pen with the wrist at rest.
a. pen position c. pen scope
b. skills d. speed
51. It refers to the relative degree of writing proficiency of the writer, which can be
measured from his lowest to the highest level.
a. skills c. speed
b. pen scope d. pen position
52. Is the relative location of the pen in relation to the paper surface which can also
be a factor in the determination of the nature of shading and or slant?
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a. pen pressure c. pen hold
b. pen scope d. pen emphasis
53. A strokes which goes back over another writing stroke which is slightly to occur
due to lack of movement control.
a. retracing c. retouching
b. patching d. pen-lift
54. It refers to the introductory backward strokes found in many small letters.
a. Beard c. Blunt
b. Buckle knot d. Hitch
55. It refers to the outer part of an upper curve, bend or crook.
a. arc c, humps
b. hook d. hitch
56. It refers to an introductory up and down strokes which can be observed in some
capital letters.
a. hook c. hitch
b. humps d. beard
57. It refers to the strokes added to the form of a letter which merely serves as a
decorative or ornamentation and which are not necessary to the legibility of the
a. diacritics c. rubric
b. embellishment d. b and c
58. A horizontal of loop strokes which are added to complete certain letters such as
A, H, f, D etc.
a. buckle knot c. diacritics
b. embellishment d. rubric
59. It refers to the long initial or terminal strokes.
a. initial spur c. emphasis
b. hook d. space filler
60. A small rounded or circular strokes which serves as the body of the letter.
a. staff c. shank
b. stem c. central part
61. It is an imaginary or real line in which the writing rest.
a. baseline c. underline
b. foot d. base
62. It refers to the degree of writing inclination which is relative to the baseline. It is
otherwise known as the slope of the writing.
a. slant c. scale
b. proportion d. alignment
63. Strokes added to complete certain letters such as i-dots and t-bars.
a. buckle knot c. diacritics
b. embellishment d. flourish
64. A type of light examination in which the source of light is coming from one side
hitting the surface of the paper/object at a very low angle. It is best used in
examination of indented writing as well as erasure.
a. direct light examination c. side light examination
b. oblique light examination d. transmitted light examination
65. An artificial light examination best used in deciphering obliterated writing as well
as addition.
a. ultra-violet light c. transmitted light
b. infra-red light d. oblique light
66. It is the process of making clear what is otherwise is illegible or that which is not
visible to the naked eye.
a. restoration c. decipherment
b. development d. examination
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67. An illegible form of writing characterized by partially visible ink strokes brought
by freshly applied ink touching another sheet of paper.
a. invisible writing c. obliterated writing
b. indented writing d. contract writing
68. Substance used for blotting or smearing over an original writing to make illegible
or undecipherable.
a. ink eradicator c. sympathetic ink
b. superimposing ink d. invisible ink
69. Stroke where the motion of the pen precedes the beginning and continues
beyond the end of a vanishing point and are found on free natural writing and as
a rule are important indication of genuineness.
a. Ending stroke c. Terminal stroke
b. Flying start and finish d. Pen movement
70. It is the process of blotting over or smearing over an original writing.
a. indention c. obliteration
b. alteration d. addition
71. It is the process of making a critical study of a given thing so as to discover facts
about them.
a. examination c. comparison
b. collation d. evaluation
72. An illegible form of writing characterized by partially visible depression appearing
underneath the original writing.
a. invisible writing c. indented writing
b. contact writing d. obliterated writing
73. An artificial light examination best used is deciphering erased writing, contact
writing as well as invisible writing.
a. transmitted light c. infra-red light
b. oblique light d. ultra-violet light
74. It refers to substance capable of bleaching an ink strokes.
a. superimposing ink c. sympathetic ink
b. ink eradicator d. invisible ink
75. It is a critical side by side examination of two or more specimen.
a. examination c. comparison (side by side examination)
b. collation d. evaluation
76. What is that indelible ink whose marking substance is composed of mixture of
aniline ink and graphite?
a. stencil b. printers ink c. nut gall ink d. copy pencil
77. A type of conventional typewriter in which the characters are normally space 12
in one horizontal inch.
a. pica (9, 10 and 11) c. elite (12, 13 and 14)
b. proportional spacing machine d. computer
78. Is a typeface defect in which the letters are printed to the right or left of its proper
a. vertical mal alignment (above or below) c. horizontal mal alignment
b. twisted letter (leans to the left or to the right) d. off-its feet (uneven or
unbalanced prints)
79. It refers to the process of making a sentence, paragraph or a whole page be part
of a document.
a. addition c. interlineations
b. insertion d. alteration e. b and c
80. It is the process of removing a writing stroke done with the aid of abrasive
a. erasure (efface) c. mechanical erasure
b. chemical erasure (used ink eradicator) d. efface
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81. It refers to any form of abnormality in the printing of the character which
leads to its individuality.
a. defects c. mal-alignment
b. temporary defects d. permanent defects
82. Is a type of typeface defects which can easily be corrected by either replacing
the ribbon or cleaning the machine.
a. defects c. mal-alignment
b. temporary defects d. permanent defects
83. A translucent design in paper which is made by dandy roll and easily detectable
with the use of transmitted light.
a. wire marks c. water marks
b. gauze mark d. fluorescence prints
84. An illegible form of a writing with no readily visible ink strokes done with the used
of sympathetic inks.
a. invisible writing (used sympathetic ink) c. indented writing
b. contact writing d. obliterated writing
85. It refers to the printing surface of the type bar of a conventional typewriter.
a. type block c. typeface
b. rotating head spear d. breechface
86. It refers to the cylindrical backing of a typewriter which absorbs the blow of the
type bar.
a. Rotating head spear c. carriage
b. platen d. typeblock
87. A form of a typeface defects where the characters are leans to the left or to the
right of their proper position.
a. Horizontal mal alignment c. vertical mal-alignment
b. off-its feet d. twisted letters
88. A form of a typeface defects in which the characters are printed heavier in one
side than the remainder of its character. It is the unbalanced quality of prints.
a. Actual breakage c. clogged typeface
b. off-its feet d. twisted letters
89. It refers to the examination made to show the minute details of small objects?
a. Physical examination c. chemical examination
b. microscopic examination d. ultra-violet light examination
90. It refers to any form of changes either an addition or a deletion to the original
content of a document.
a. erasure c. addition
b. alteration d. substitution
91. It refers to the weakness in strokes characterized by shaky or wavering strokes
which is perfectly apparent even without the use of magnification.
a. tremor c. genuine tremor
b. tremor of fraud d. tremor of illiteracy
92. An element of writing movement which is characterized as either jerky, smooth
or intermittent.
a. pressure c. skills
b. rhythm d. speed
93. Which of the following is the best means of developing and photographing
obliterated and charred document?
a. Photography with panchromatic film c. photography by transmitted light
b. photography by ultraviolet light d. photography by infra-red light
94. A witness who by reason of his special technical training or experience is
permitted to express opinion regarding the issue, or a certain aspects of the
issue, that is involved in legal proceedings?
a. Ordinary witness c. Police investigator
b. Microscope d. Expert witness
95. Refers to any property, elements or features which serve to individualized
writing. It is otherwise known as identifying details.
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a. characteristics c. individual characteristics
b. class characteristics d. gross characteristics
96. It is a process in which an illegible writing is made, developed or brought back on
the surface of the paper itself.
a. developing c. decipherment
b. fuming d. restoration
97. It refers to the characteristics in writing which can be found not only in writing of
one person but in a group of persons' writing.
a. characteristics c. individual characteristics
b. Personal characteristics d. gross characteristics (class or general)
98. It is a method of tracing wherein the forger used a considerable force (pressure)
in outlining the forged signature through the genuine signature leaving a
depression marks which will later then traced.
a. carbon outline process c. laser method
b. indention process d. projection or transmitted light
99. Refers to characteristics of writing which is sufficiently unique and well fixed to
serve as a strong basis for the identity or non-identity of the writing.
a. writing habits c. characteristics
b. significant writing habits d. class characteristics
100. Any repeated element which serves to distinguishes..
a. writing habits c. significant writing habits
b. exemplar d. exhibit

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