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1. Patient has a limited ankle dorsiflexion following ORIF of distal tibia. Radiographs reveal that the fracture is well
healed. Treatment with passive mobilization should include:
A. posterior glide of talus on tibia
B. lateral glide of calcaneus on tibia.
C. posterior glide of tibia on talus
D. anterior glide of talus on tibia.
2. A therapist is treating a young athlete with gastrocnemius muscle strength of fair plus (3+/5). In the prone position,
which of the following exercises is the MOST appropriate to maximize strengthening?
A. Resistive exercises with the knee bent.
B. Resistive exercises with the knee straight.
C. Active exercises with the knee bent
D. Active exercises with the knee straight.
3. Redness on the inferior aspect of the patella upon removal of a patellar tendon bearing prosthesis indicates that the
residual limb:
A. is not far enough into the prosthesis and fewer socks should be worn
B. is not far enough into the prosthesis and additional socks should be worn
C. has slipped too far into the prosthesis and fewer socks should be worn
D. has slipped too far into the prosthesis and additional socks should be worn
4. The intervention for a patient who has right sciatic pain caused by piriformis compression would NOT include:
A. instruction in mild self-stretching in sitting with the right hip and knee flexed and pressure applied in the medial
direction to the distal thigh with the left arm.
B. contract-relax exercise to the hip external rotators performed with the patient sidelying and the right hip and knee
positioned in 90 degrees of flexion.
C. active resistive strengthening exercise to the piriformis with the patient prone and the knee flexed
D. application of cold to the area of sciatic nerve irritability
5. To prevent contractures in a patient with an above-knee amputation (transfemoral), emphasis should be placed on
designing a positioning program that maintains ROM in hip:
A. flexion and abduction
B. extension and adduction
C. adduction and lateral rotation
D. flexion and medial rotation.
6. After a long-term history of bilateral lower extremity vascular insufficiency, an otherwise healthy patient had a right
above-knee amputation. For this patient, which of the following is the MOST important factor in establishing long-
term goals for functional walking?
A. Status of the wound at the amputation site.
B. ROM of the right hip.
C. Condition of the left lower extremity
D. Ability to maintain upright posture.
7. A patient is referred to physical therapy complaining of severe pain in the right hip and groin area, which increases
during walking. The patient complains of tenderness when the therapist palpates the area over the right greater
trochanter. The MOST likely cause of the patient’s signs and symptoms is:
A. sacroiliac joint derangement
B. a hip fracture
C. a strain of the adductor longus muscle
D. hip bursitis
8. A patient has right hemiparesis resulting from TBI. When assessing motor control in the right lower extremity with the
patient standing, the therapist finds that the patient cannot extend the hip while flexing the knee or flex the hip while
extending the knee. In which of the following functional activities will this problem be MOST apparent?
A. Shifting weight while standing.
B. Walking sideways.
C. Walking backward.
D. Moving from sitting position to standing position.
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9. An athlete sustained a severe inversion sprain of the right ankle while playing basketball. To provide strapping support
for the ankle, pressure and support should be applied over the tendons of the:
A. flexor digitorum longus and tibialis posterior
B. gastrocnemius and flexor hallucis longus
C. peroneus longus and brevis
D. tibialis anterior and tibialis posterior.
10. During a postural examination, the therapist notes that the patient’s patella both point inward when viewed from the
front of the patient. The MOST likely cause of this problem is excessive:
A. femoral anteversion
B. weakness of the vastus medialis
C. genu varum
D. medial tibial torsion
11. A patient is referred to physical therapy with a 20-degree knee flexion contracture following arthroscopic knee surgery
a month ago. All of the following interventions are appropriate EXCEPT:
A. stretching of the semimembranosus muscle
B. strengthening of vastus medialis.
C. inferior gliding of the patella.
D. mobility of the posterior capsule of the knee joint.
12. A patient with a complete SCI is sitting in a wheelchair on a custom made cushion. Pressure relief activities should be
performed:
A. when the patient shows signs of pressure sores
B. every 15 to 20 minutes
C. every 1 to 2 hours
D. if the patient does not have an appropriate cushion.
13. During a review, a patient lacks 10 degrees of passive ankle dorsiflexion. The same degree of limitation is present
whether the knee is flexed of extended. The muscle MOST likely contributing to this restriction is the:
A. gastrocnemius
B. tibialis anterior
C. plantaris
D. soleus
14. A patient who has a piriformis syndrome is referred to TP for review and intervention. The patient’s history includes
THR on the right side 2 years ago. Because of the THR, which of the following should only be used with precaution?
A. TENS
B. Continuous us
C. Hot packs
D. Massage to the right hip
15. A patient sustained a severe TBI 3 months ago. During the exam of passive ROM, the therapist notices decrease
passive knee extension and moderate hamstring spasticity. Palpation reveals a firm mass on the lateral aspect of the
joint. The therapist should refer the patient to a physician for a review of probable:
A. osteogenic sarcoma
B. patellar fracture
C. osteomyelitis
D. heterotopic ossification
16. During MMT of the hip flexors in the sitting position, a patient exhibits lateral rotation and abduction of the thigh as
resistance is applied. The PT should suspect substitution by:
A. sartorius
B. tensor fascia latae
C. adductor longus
D. semimembranosus
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17. A patient is lying supine with his hips and knees extended and hands behind his head. The patient is able to raise his
head; shoulder and thorax from the treatment table, but is unable to come to a complete long-sitting position. The PT
should target which muscle for strengthening program?
A. Iliopsoas
B. External abdominal oblique
C. Quadratus lumborum
D. Upper rectus abdominis
18. A therapist is developing a gait training program for a patient following a THA of the right hip. The proper
instructions and rationale for crutch training utilizing one crutch include holding the crutch in:
A. right hand to decrease activity in the right hip abductors
B. right hand to facilitate action in the right hip abductors
C. left hand to decrease action in the right hip abductors
D. left hand to facilitate action in the right hip abductors
19. A patient sustained a gunshot wound to the distal posterior thigh that resulted in complete severance of the common
peroneal nerve. Which of the following exercise is necessary in the early rehabilitation period to prevent contracture
formation?
A. Active plantarflexion, inversion and toe extension
B. Passive dorsiflexion, eversion and toe extension
C. Active dorsiflexion, eversion and toe flexion
D. Passive plantarflexion, eversion and toe flexion
20. A patient with right above-knee prosthesis will be able to maintain the knee in extension while weight bearing if the
center of gravity of the body is shifted so that the gravitational line falls:
A. posterior to the axis of the right knee joint
B. lateral to the axis of the right knee joint
C. anterior to the axis of the right knee joint
D. medial to the axis of the right knee joint
21. In order for a patient with bilateral BKA to maximize balance in a wheelchair, the rear wheels should be positioned
more:
A. laterally
B. posteriorly
C. anteriorly
D. inferiorly
22. An initial PT evaluation performed on an elderly patient who is 1 day post total hip arthroplasty (non-cemented) using
a posterolateral approach. The patient has no complicating medical history and was active and independent
preoperatively. Which of the following activities is NOT an appropriate goal for the first week of therapy?
A. Active-assistive positioning of the left hip to 60 degrees of flexion
B. Active left hip abduction in right sidelying
C. Independent bed mobility with use of a trapeze
D. Walking with moderate assistance with a standard walker to 25 feet (7.6 meters)
23. On the fourth day of PT treatment, a patient who has had an ORIF for a hip fracture develops a large ecchymosis over
the unaffected hip. The patient has MOST likely developed:
A. a hemangioma
B. a complication of anticoagulant therapy
C. a hematocele
D. deep vein thrombophlebitis
24. A PT examines a patient who complains of foot pain while jogging. The examination sows that the patient has
excessive foot pronation and forefoot varus. The therapist decides to try a temporary orthotic insert in the patient’s
running shoe. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate orthotic insert?
A. A lateral forefoot post under the fifth metatarsal head
B. A lateral rearfoot post under the calcaneus placing it in everted position
C. A wedge placed under the instep of the medial foot just beneath the head of the talus
D. A medial post just proximal to the first metatarsal head
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25. An 8-year-old child who has juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is developing bilateral knee flexion contractures. Which of
the following would be the LEAST appropriate action?
A. Exercises to increase joint mobility
B. Ultrasound to the hamstring insertions to increase tissue extensibility
C. Progressive weight bearing by walking in a therapeutic pool to increase endurance
D. Exercise to increase quadriceps strength
26. Although knee motion occurs primarily in one plane, tibial rotation is possible when the knee is positioned in 90
degrees or more of flexion because in this position the:
A. condyles of the femur glide posteriorly on the condyles of the tibia
B. hamstrings act as rotating force
C. patella deviates inferiorly
D. tension on the ligaments is decreased
27. If a BK prosthesis has an excessively firm heel wedge, the patient is MOST likely to walk with:
A. excessive knee flexion in early stance
B. premature knee flexion in late stance
C. insufficient knee flexion in early stance
D. excessive knee flexion in late stance
28. A patient presents with hemiparesis and demonstrate a foot drop during swing phase of gait. It would be MOST
appropriate to administer FES to the tibialis anterior and the:
A. gastrocnemius
B. tibialis posterior
C. extensor digitorum longus
D. peroneus longus
29. An elderly patient has diabetic neuropathy. Upon examination he shows marked mediolateral instability of the left
ankle while walking. The patient also has fluctuating edema and glove-and-stocking sensory loss in both legs. The
MOST appropriate orthotics aid would be:
A. a double-upright ankle foot orthosis
B. hip to toe shoes
C. a prefabricated plastic, solid ankle-foot orthosis
D. a spiral ankle foot orthosis
30. Which of the following should be recommended for a patient following a medial meniscectomy if the PT plans to
exercise the quadriceps femoris against accommodating resistance?
A. Knee bends through half of the range
B. Knee extension with sandbag in the ankle
C. Knee extension on an isokinetic exercise device
D. Straight leg raising with a sling suspension
31. In a suction socket prosthesis, the primary function of the valve in the lower and medial part of the socket is to permit
air to:
A. remain during the stance phase of gait
B. remain during the swing phase of gait
C. escape during the swing phase of gait
D. escape during the stance phase of gait
32. Following removal of a long leg cast, a patient has limited knee flexion. The MOST appropriate direction of patellar
mobilization would be:
A. distal
B. lateral
C. proximal
D. medial
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33. Which lower extremity PNF pattern is MOST appropriate for a patient who needs strengthening of the tibialis
posterior?
A. Hip extension, abduction and medial rotation with ankle plantarflexion and eversion
B. Hip flexion, adduction and lateral rotation with ankle dorsiflexion and inversion
C. Hip extension, adduction and lateral rotation with ankle plantarflexion and inversion
D. Hip flexion, abduction and medial rotation with ankle dorsiflexion and eversion
34. While ascending stairs, an elderly patient leans forward with increased hip flexion. Which of the following muscles
are being used to the BEST advantage with this forward posture?
A. Rectus femoris
B. Tensor fascia lata
C. Gluteus maximus
D. Lumbar paraspinal
35. A patient is referred for PT with a diagnosis of chondromalacia patella. The PT decides to include quads setting and
SLR as part of the home exercise program because:
A. the vastus medialis muscle is primarily responsible for terminal knee extension
B. quads setting and SLR help improve patellar tracking
C. Patellofemoral compression forces are increased when the knee is extended
D. the vastus medialis muscle is preferentially activated during SLR.
36. A patient who sustained a left below-knee amputation 3 weeks ago is being evaluated for possible ambulation with
prosthesis. Which of the following factors is MOST relevant?
A. Size of the right residual limb scar
B. Length of the right residual limb
C. Proficiency in previous prosthetic use
D. Severity of phantom pain
37. A therapist is treating a patient for limitation of motion following knee surgery several weeks ago. The patient’s
passive knee extension is lacking 15 degrees from full extension, and knee flexion is limited to 95 degrees. Both
movements have capsular end feel. Which of the following mobilization techniques is the MOST appropriate for
increasing knee flexion?
A. Anterior glide of the tibia on the femur
B. Posterior glide of the tibia on the femur
C. Superior glide of the patella
D. Posterior glide of the femur on the tibia
38. While a patient is walking in the parallel bars, the therapist observes that the pelvis drops down on the side opposite the
stance extremity. This gait deviation is an indication of weakness of the hip:
A. abductors of the swing extremity
B. adductors of the swing extremity
C. abductors of the stance extremity
D. adductors of the stance extremity
39. A patient had final approval and checkout of a permanent prosthesis 2 weeks ago. The patient now complains to the
therapist that the prosthesis is too heavy. The patient will benefit MOST from:
A. an evaluation of socket fit by the prosthetist
B. a prescription from the physician for lighter weight prosthesis
C. reevaluation of hip strength by the therapist
D. adding a fork strap attachment to the prosthesis
40. A patient’s severe knee sprain resulted from medial rotation of the femur on the tibia with simultaneous application of
a valgus force while the foot was placed on the ground. Which structures are MOST likely to be involved?
A. Medial collateral ligament, medial meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament
B. Medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament and posterior cruciate ligament
C. Lateral collateral ligament, medial meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament
D. Medial collateral ligament, lateral meniscus and posterior cruciate ligament
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41. A 6-year-old child with spastic diplegia is walking in the parallel bars. The child walks with increased trunk and hip
flexion. What would be the MOST appropriate assistive device?
A. Standard walker
B. Forearm crutches
C. Posterior rolling walker
D. Bilateral quad canes
42. A physical therapist is teaching a patient with T12 paraplegia to fall. The patient walks with bilateral KAFO and
bilateral forearm crutches using swing to gait. The MOST appropriate method to use to prevent injury would be to:
A. have the patient wear a helmet and practice on a soft padded surface
B. give the patient written instructions and illustrations on falling
C. demonstrate and guide the patient through the correct process of falling
D. demonstrate the correct method of falling
43. A patient is referred for recommendation regarding purchase of a wheelchair. The measurements of the patient while
sitting are 16 inches across the widest point of the hips and 18 inches from the rear of the buttocks to the popliteal
crease. Which of the following wheelchair dimensions are BEST suited for this patient’s needs?
A. Seat width and seat depth of 18 inches
B. Seat width of 18 inches and seat depth of 16 inches
C. Seat width and seat depth of 16 inches
D. Seat width of 16 inches and seat depth of 18 inches
44. A therapist is evaluating a patient for a wheelchair prescription. The patient, who lives alone in a small apartment, has
bilateral lower extremity weakness and is unable to stand to transfer. Trunk strength and upper extremity strength are
normal and the patient can transfer independently with a sliding board. The MOST appropriate prescription for this
patient is a wheelchair with:
A. fixed, adjustable-height arm rests and detachable foot rests
B. removable arm rests and detachable swing-away leg rests
C. fixed arm rests and removable leg rests
D. desk-style removable arm rests and fixed elevating leg rests
45. Treatment of a patient with hemophilia who has a subacute hemarthrosis of the knee will initially include:
A. active assistive ROM exercise to the knee
B. instruction of the patient for weight bearing to tolerance
C. gentle resistive ROM exercise to the knee
D. continuous immobilization of the knee in an extension splint
46. Which of the following instructions is MOST appropriate for teaching a patient with C6 quadriplegia to transfer from a
wheelchair to a mat?
A. “Keep your fingers extended, to give a broader base of support”
B. “Rotate your head and shoulders in the same direction to the desired hip motion
C. “Rotate your head and shoulders in the direction opposite to the desired motion”
D. “Keep both hands next to your knees to lock your elbows”
47. During a posture examination, the physical therapist notes that both of the patient’s patella point inward when viewed
from the front of the patient. The MOST likely cause of this problem is excessive:
A. femoral anteversion.
B. weakness of the vastus medialis.
C. genu varum.
D. medial tibial torsion.
48. A therapist is measuring passive knee range of motion in a patient. The measurements obtained are shown in
photographs A and B. (A more knee flexion with hip flexed; B less knee flexion with the hip extended). The
MOST likely cause of the difference in knee range of motion is:
A. knee joint capsule restriction.
B. tightness in the rectus femoris.
C. weakness of the hamstrings.
D. tightness in the vastus medialis
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49. A patient with a right transfemoral prosthesis will be able to maintain the knee in extension while weight bearing if the
center of gravity of the body is shifted so that the gravitational line falls:
A. posterior to the axis of the right knee joint.
B. lateral to the axis of the right knee joint.
C. anterior to the axis of the right knee joint.
D. medial to the axis of the right knee joint.
50. A physical therapist is examining a patient for possible lower extremity weakness. Passive range of motion is within
normal limits. The patient is seated. When the patient tries to dorsiflex and invert the right foot, the patient is unable to
move it through the full range of motion and is unable to take any resistance applied by the therapist. During the
subsequent gait examination, the therapist should expect the patient to display which of the following?
A. Normal gait with no deviations
B. Increased right hip flexion during midswing phase
C. Throwing the trunk backward on the right side shortly after heel strike (initial contact)
D. Laterally bending towards the right side during midstance
51. A patient who sustained a left transtibial amputation 2 years ago and a right transtibial amputation 3 weeks ago is being
evaluated for possible walking with prosthesis. Which of the following factors is MOST relevant?
A. Size of the right residual limb scar
B. Length of the right residual limb
C. Proficiency in previous prosthetic use
D. Severity of phantom pain
52. A prone standing board has been recommended for a 5 year-old child with severe hypotonia. The PRIMARY purpose
for the use of a prone stander is to:
A. promote weight bearing.
B. reinforce an exaggerated positive support reflex.
C. prevent hip dislocation.
D. increase hip and knee range of motion.
53. A therapist is preparing to teach a patient who has Guillain-Barre syndrome to transfer from wheelchair to a mat table.
The patient weighs 150 lbs., she has poor (2/5) grade in both of her lower extremities and fair (4/5) grade in her left
upper extremity; her right upper extremity has normal (5/5) strength. Which of the following would be the MOST
appropriate assisted transfer for the initial session of this patient?
A. 2-person lift to the right side
B. Sliding-board transfer to the right side
C. A hydraulic lift from the wheelchair to the mat
D. Full standing-pivot transfer to the right side
54. A long distance runner presents to physical therapy with insidious onset of lower leg pain. The patient’s examination
results reveal weakness of toe flexion and ankle inversion. The physical therapist suspects vascular compromise
associated with this presentation. Palpation at which of the following locations is MOST likely to reveal diminished
arterial pulses in the patient?
A. Dorsal aspect of the foot
B. Posterior to the lateral malleolus
C. Posterior to the medial malleolus
D. Lateral aspect of the popliteal fossa
55. A patient with low back and leg pain has been seen 2 times in outpatient physical therapy. Today, during the patient’s
third visit, the therapist notes an audible slap of the foot at heel strike (initial contact). The patient also reports that
there has been no leg pain since yesterday. Regarding testing, it is MOST important for the physical therapist to
perform:
A. Achilles’ tendon reflex testing.
B. sensation testing of the sole of the foot.
C. the sign of the buttock test.
D. tibialis anterior strength testing
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56. A patient who recently had bilateral leg amputations wants to have a ramp built to travel from the back deck of his
house to the pool in his wheelchair. The vertical distance from the door to the ground level is 5 ft (1.5 m). Which of the
following ramp specifications is BEST for this patient?
A. 1 continuous ramp, 60 ft (18 m) long
B. 1 continuous ramp, 30 ft (9 m) long
C. 2 ramps, each 60 ft (18 m) long, connected by a level area
D. 2 ramps, each 30 ft (9 m) long, connected by a level area
57. A patient reports numbness and tingling on the lateral side of the right lower leg that sometimes extends into the top of
the foot. Which of the following structures is MOST likely involved?
A. Lateral sural cutaneous nerve
B. L
4
nerve root
C. Superficial peroneal nerve
D. S
1
nerve root
58. A patient comes to physical therapy 2 hours after a rugby game in which the patient sustained a forceful blow to the
anterolateral lower leg. Which of the following physical therapy examination procedures is MOST important for the
physical therapist to include?
A. Ability of the patient to walk on the toes
B. Integrity of the dorsalis pedis pulse
C. Strength of the ankle everters
D. Reactivity of the Achilles’ tendon reflex
59. A physical therapist examines a patient lying supine with both lower extremities extended. The therapist notes that both
of the patient’s medial malleoli are aligned with each other. The therapist asks the patient to assume the long-sitting
position and notes the position of the malleoli as shown in the photograph (the right malleolus shifted inferiorly). What
is the MOST likely cause of this patient’s test results?
A. Excessive femoral anteversion
B. Anterior rotation of the innominate on the right
C. Functional leg-length discrepancy due to left, lateral pelvic tilt
D. Posterior rotation of the innominate on the right
60. A physical therapist is evaluating a patient who had a stroke and is exhibiting poor foot and ankle control. When asked
to lift the foot more during the midswing phase of gait, the patient dorsiflexes the ankle with excessive eversion.
Facilitatory electromyographic biofeedback to which of the following muscles is MOST likely to help correct this
problem?
A. Extensor digitorum longus
B. Tibialis anterior
C. Fibularis (peroneus) brevis
D. Flexor hallucis longus
61. A patient presents with weakness throughout the right lower extremity with normal strength on the left side. Sensory
testing shows a loss of pressure sensation over the right thigh and leg, and a loss of pain and temperature sensation over
the left thigh and leg. The patient has a positive Babinski’s sign present on the right. Which of the following associated
findings is MOST likely to be found during further examination of this patient?
A. The presence of clonus in the left ankle
B. Marked atrophy in the right lower extremity muscles
C. Spasticity in the left lower extremity
D. Increased deep tendon reflexes on the right side
62. Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, the advantage of closed kinetic chain exercises over open kinetic
chain exercises is PRIMARILY the:
A. decrease in recruitment of the quadriceps muscles.
B. decrease in hamstring force during knee extension
C. relative ease of isolation of pure quadriceps muscle activity.
D. relative reduction of an anterior drawer effect at the knee.
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63. A physical therapist is teaching a patient who has recently undergone knee surgery to descend stairs without a railing
and using a cane. The patient is partial weight-bearing on the right. Which of the following instructional methods
should the physical therapist use to teach the patient this activity?
A. The therapist stands behind the patient, and the patient descends with the cane and left leg first.
B. The therapist stands beside the patient, and the patient descends with the right leg first and then the cane.
C. The therapist stands below the patient, and the patient descends with the cane and right leg first.
D. The therapist stands behind the patient, and the patient descends with the left leg first
64. During the gait evaluation of a patient who has a transfemoral prosthesis, the physical therapist notices that the patient
laterally bends excessively towards the prosthetic side during midstance phase. Which of the following is MOST likely
to cause this gait deviation?
A. A prosthesis that is too short
B. A prosthetic socket that is too small
C. Inadequate prosthesis suspension
D. A locked knee unit
65. During the evaluation of a patient’s balance, the physical therapist gently pushes the patient backwards slightly and
observes how the patient recovers from the perturbation. What strategy is the patient MOST likely to use to correct for
this slight perturbation?
A. Knee
B. Hip
C. Ankle
D. Stepping
66. A physical therapist is examining a patient who sustained a right tibial fracture 1 year ago and is now fully healed. The
physical therapist’s measure of the length of the patient’s right tibia is 14 in (36 cm) and left tibia, 15 in (38 cm).
Tightness is MOST likely to be found in which of the following muscles in this patient?
A. Left tensor fascia lata
B. Left piriformis
C. Right gluteus medius
D. Right adductor magnus
67. A patient with an impairment that limits hip flexion to 105° will benefit MOST from which of the following assistive
devices and modifications to accomplish activities of daily living?
A. Elevated chair-seat height
B. Long-handled reacher
C. Decreased rise in stair height
D. Sock aid
68. A patient with a severe cerebellar lesion can sit independently, can stand with minimal assistance, and requires
moderate assistance of 1 person to walk safely. The patient desires to transfer independently from a wheelchair to a
bed. Which of the following transfer techniques is MOST appropriate for this patient?
A. Standing-pivot
B. Manual-pivot
C. Mechanical-lift
D. Sliding
69. A patient involved in a motor vehicle accident 1 week ago has multiple fractures of the lower extremities and is non-
weight-bearing bilaterally. The patient lives with an elderly parent and is scheduled for discharge soon. Which of the
following transfers is MOST appropriate in this situation?
A. Standing-pivot
B. 1-person lift
C. Sliding-board
D. 2-person lift
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70. A 55 year-old patient is referred to physical therapy from the emergency room following placement of a long-leg cast.
The patient sustained a right femur fracture, when hit by a car while bike riding. The patient is nauseous, but has good
balance during initial attempts at non-weight-bearing gait training on the right lower extremity. The patient lives alone
in an apartment on the second floor. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate assistive device for this patient?
A. Standard walker
B. Axillary crutches
C. Quad cane
D. 2 straight canes
71. A patient with a right transtibial prosthesis describes right-knee buckling in the foot flat (loading response) stance
phase of gait. The presence of which of the following conditions in the patient is MOST likely the cause of this
problem?
A. Excessive plantarflexion
B. Stiff heel cushion
C. Low shoe heel
D. Excessive foot inset
72. A patient presents to physical therapy with the diagnosis of a medial meniscus tear of the right knee. Which of the
following signs and symptoms MOST strongly supports this diagnosis?
A. Mechanical locking
B. Decreased pain with weight-bearing
C. Posterior knee swelling
D. Atrophy of hamstrings
73. During gait evaluation, a physical therapist notes that a patient demonstrates a shorter, left step length and excessive
left knee flexion during the left midstance phase. Which of the following problems is MOST likely the cause of this
gait dysfunction?
A. Left hamstrings contracture
B. Right iliopsoas weakness
C. Left hip flexion contracture
D. Right quadriceps weakness
74.

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