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Substance Abuse

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Nursing
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Florida National University
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Running Head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE 1
Substance Abuse
Name
Institutional Affiliation

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SUBSTANCE ABUSE 2
Discuss the historical trends and current conceptions of the cause and treatment of substance
abuse.
Abuse of drugs has been witnessed for hundreds of years throughout the world and their
effects have been felt since that time to date. Drugs have been used to cure ailments but there are
those who have been abusing them and this led to addiction. Those who were addicted to drug
abuse developed physical and mental health illness thus prompting rehabilitation programs to be
stated. This means that the rehabilitation efforts of drug addicts started in the United States in the
past hundreds of years. Benjamin Rush, one of the finding fathers of America believed that
alcoholism was not a person’s willpower but due to alcohol itself and hence it did not reflect moral
failing of a person taking alcohol because alcohol led to addiction. Initially, addiction was
considered a criminal offense that needed intensive faith-based prayers or mental institutions to
cure the victims. But with time, this changed and addiction was considered as an illness that could
be managed. In 1864, a first hospital that was intended to treat alcoholism was established in New
York and alcoholism was considered as a mental health condition. Members of the public started
taking seriously alcoholism and drug abuse and thus sober groups and houses began appearing.
Currently, there are thousands of drug abuse rehabilitation programs that help addicts to overcome
addiction using various approaches that ranges from traditional ways to holistic ways. Treating
addiction consists of range of therapies depending on the suitability of the method chosen to the
addict (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2019).
Describe the ethical and legal implications of substance abuse.
There are many social and ethical issues of drug abuse and these are made complex by
varying values within the society that are conflicting. Values are influenced by different factors

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Running Head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE 1 Substance Abuse Name Institutional Affiliation SUBSTANCE ABUSE 2 Discuss the historical trends and current conceptions of the cause and treatment of substance abuse. Abuse of drugs has been witnessed for hundreds of years throughout the world and their effects have been felt since that time to date. Drugs have been used to cure ailments but there are those who have been abusing them and this led to addiction. Those who were addicted to drug abuse developed physical and mental health illness thus prompting rehabilitation programs to be stated. This means that the rehabilitation efforts of drug addicts started in the United States in the past hundreds of years. Benjamin Rush, one of the finding fathers of America believed that alcoholism was not a person’s willpower but due to alcohol itself and hence it did not reflect moral failing of a person taking alcohol because alcohol led to addiction. Initially, addiction was considered a criminal offense that needed intensive faith-based prayers or mental institutions to cure the victims. But with time, this changed and addiction was considered as an illness that could be managed. In 1864, a first hospital that was intended to treat alcoholism was established in New York and alcoholism was considered as a mental health condition. Members of the public started taking seriously alcoholism and drug abuse and thus sober groups and houses began appearing. Currently, there are thousands of drug abuse ...
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