Access over 20 million homework & study documents

20 definitions of nursing by different authors

Content type
User Generated
Rating
Showing Page:
1/3
20 DEFINITIONS OF NURSING BY DIFFERENT AUTHORS
1. The Environmental Theory, by Florence Nightingale, described nursingas 'the act of utilizing the
environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery'.
2. Henderson’s Nursing Theory
Henderson defined nursing as “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in
the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he
would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way
as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.”
3. International Council of Nurses-
The use of clinical judgment in the provision of care to enable people to improve, maintain, or recover
health, to cope with health problems, and to achieve the best possible quality of life, whatever their
disease or disability, until death.
4. .American Nurses Association (1980): “nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to
actual or potential threats to health.” This definition encapsulates the process of clinical decision-making,
which has become a core component of nursing.
5. The Royal College of Nursing (RCN, 2003), who state that nursing is “The use of clinical judgment in
the provision of care to enable people to improve, maintain, or recover health, to cope with health
problems and to achieve the best possible quality of life, whatever their disease or disability, until
death”.
6.. The ANA states nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities,
prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human
response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.
7. The Philippines- person is deemed to be practicing nursing when he/she singly, or in collaboration
with another, initiates and performs nursing services to individuals, families, and communities in any
health care setting.
8. White (2001)- nursing can be construed as an activityto fix and make humans whole again.
9.Nursing at present can be understood as an emerging profession, and an academic discipline. It is also
a human science (Mitchell & Cody, 1992).
10. Nursing practice today is an “interaction of the processes of knowing and doing". The nurse of today
is a knowledge worker, one who is consciously using knowledge while implementing and evaluating
every nursing action (Lindeman &McAthie, 1999).

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
2/3
11. Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups
and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of
illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment,
research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and
education are also key nursing roles. (ICN, 2002)
12.According to Peplau (1952/1988): Peplau defined Nursing as “An interpersonal process of
therapeutic interactions between an individual who is sick or in need of health services and a nurse
specially educated to recognize, respond to the need for help.”
13. According to Orlando, nursing is responsive to individuals who suffer or who anticipate a sense of
helplessness. It is focused on the process of care in an immediate experience. It is concerned with
providing direct assistance to a patient in whatever setting they are found to avoid, relieve, diminishing,
or curing the patient’s sense of helplessness.
14.
Martha Rogers viewed nursing as both a science and an art as it provides a way to view the unitary
human being, who is integral with the universe.
15.Faye Glenn Abdellah:
“Nursing is based on an art and science that molds the attitudes, intellectual competencies, and
technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, sick or well, cope with
their health needs.
16. Lydia Hall.“
Hall defined Nursing as the “participation in care, core and cure aspects of patient care, where CARE is
the sole function of nurses, whereas the CORE and CURE are shared with other members of the health
team.”
17. Jean Watson: Nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick, and
restoring health.”
18. Dorothea E. Orem:Nursing as “The act of assisting others in the provision and management of self-
care to maintain or improve human functioning at the home level of effectiveness.”
19. Neuman’s System Model, she defined nursing as a “unique profession in that is concerned with all
of therefore variables affecting an individual’s response to stress.
20. Imogene M. King: Nursing is a process of action, reaction and interaction by which nurse and client
share information about their perception in a nursing situation” and “a process of human interactions
between nurse and client whereby each perceives the other and the situation, and through
communication, they set goals, explore means, and agree on means to achieve goals.”

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
3/3

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Unformatted Attachment Preview
20 DEFINITIONS OF NURSING BY DIFFERENT AUTHORS 1. The Environmental Theory, by Florence Nightingale, described nursingas 'the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery'. 2. Henderson’s Nursing Theory Henderson defined nursing as “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.” 3. International Council of NursesThe use of clinical judgment in the provision of care to enable people to improve, maintain, or recover health, to cope with health problems, and to achieve the best possible quality of life, whatever their disease or disability, until death. 4. ...
Purchase document to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Anonymous
Very useful material for studying!

Studypool
4.7
Indeed
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4

Similar Documents