What are your thoughts or ideas in regards to this?

timer Asked: May 21st, 2014

Question description

In the last decade of the nineteenth century, budgeting was defined as "a valuation of receipts and expenditures or a public balance sheet, and as a legislative act establishing and authorizing certain kinds and amounts of expenditures and taxation"(Schiesl, 1977: 89). Governmental entities in the United States over the past 30 years, have used a wide variety of budget approaches. The National Advisory Council on State and Local Budgeting provides additional guidelines (Budgetary Approaches, 2003).The budgets listed in our text are as follows, The Line Item Budget, The Program Budget The Performance Budget The planning, Programming Budgeting System, or Zero Based Budgeting The Hybrid Budget.

Compare and contrast the fundamentals.  

The five forms of budgets are concerned with how to plan for expenditures using the most effective way. Line item budget is concerned with allocation of resources the development of the budget and the overall control, whereas program budget offers the guideline to which programs are implemented which is important in executing the daily activities in an organization. Performance budget works together with program budget where input is determined by the same measure of output for each individual unit in an organization. Hybrid budget is used in any prevailing condition despite the frequently adjusting factors in performance. Zero based budget reverses the traditional working process of the traditional budget Zero budget contrast the traditional budgeting by requiring every line budget to be approved rather than the changes only .Zero based budgeting is more difficult to implement as it requires the entire line budget be approved rather than the changes that arise in the process of implementation. Managing this kind of budget requires the mangers of each unit to preview the input and output so as to prepare a new line budget. The line budget is prevalent in law enforcement community as it is executed as per the department requirement or the cost.

Borrowing is considered as a source of funding especially when there are no other options of recovering the initial set budget expenditure. The set back is that one has to pay the money with interest that may make it difficult to achieve the goals because of increased cost of production resulting in a zero budget change. Seeking sources from shareholders who become part owners is a way of preventing liquidation. The shareholders become liability as they require dividends that may be an extra burden to the organization


PDF] Budgetary Approaches - Washoe County School District. (2003). Retrieved May 15, 2014, from www.washoe.k12.nv.us/.../budget/Attachment20A20- 20Budgetary20Approa..

Tyler , C., & Willand , J. (1997). Public Budgeting in America. Retrieved May 15, 2014, from www.ipspr.sc.edu/publication/budgeting_in_america.htm -

Instructor wrote: One follow up question. Do you think where these donations are allocated to should be controlled? Should be for beneficiaries? Is it just for medical expenses or should they go to the agency?

What are your thoughts or ideas in regards to this?  The donations allocation should be controlled. The proposals have clearly indicated in the proposal document the need for the donation and therefore controlling the donation allocation will be good to oversee that the plan is fulfilled according to the purpose of the donation. The donors donate the fund or their item in reference to the need of the needy and therefore to ensure that the fund is allocated appropriately there should be some policies and control measures (McWay, 2014). This will reduce the cases of individuals being unethical by enriching themselves by the use of the donations. Controlling the donations allocation will help the donors to evaluate the results of their funds and be motivated for more donations.

Controlling the donations will be of great benefits to the beneficiaries since the beneficiaries might be in a position to directly get the benefits of the programs that is being taken. This will therefore be encouraged so as to benefit more and more groups of individuals than benefiting a single person or just few people who might not actually need the plan.

The donations should not only stand for the medical expenses but also should include more expenses. For a better allocation of the donated funds the fund should be directed to an agency that should be counted answerable for the allocation of fund (Moseley, 2009). The fund allocation in this case should be encouraged to be directed to the agency for a better accountability of the fund allocation and for the fund control.  The agency stands a better position to control the donation allocation while following all the set policies and control for the donations. Therefore, I support the control of the donation allocation and the agency monitory of the donations.


McWay, D. C. (2014). Today's health information management: An integrated approach. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar/Cengage Learning.

Moseley, G. B. (2009). Managing health care business strategy. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Each of the five you mention are critical for opportunities.

With that said, what or where do you find the best chance for success?

The community is critical on departments, police or not, on spending money.


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